Everyone has heard at least once about such a phenomenon as a cyst. Many people are frightened by this word, while others think that there is nothing wrong with this diagnosis. Such neoplasms can appear on almost all organs. For example, the endocervical cysts are quite common. And what is it? Is there a threat to health? And how is treatment carried out?
- What is it?
- Reasons for
- Symptoms of
- How to treat?
- Conservative treatment
- Folk methods
What is it?
Endocervix is a special mucous membrane of the cervix, which lining its surface and secrete with the help of a cylindrical epithelium cervical mucus, which is necessary for the conception and normal course of pregnancy. Normally, the structure of this shell should be smooth and homogeneous, but for some reason it can change. If integrity is violated, endocervical cysts can be formed. Most often they are some cavities filled with cervical mucus.
In most cases, cysts appear as a result of the fact that the ducts through which the endocervix mucus should go out are clogged. It turns out that the secret is stored inside and has no way out. In this there is nothing terrible, so this neoplasm in most cases is not dangerous, but everything can be a bit different. For example, if pathogenic microorganisms get into the cavity, inflammation can begin, which is quite dangerous.
Cavities can be single, but can cover a large area of the cervical canal. It happens that the entire canal is covered with such neoplasms. But if the passage does not overlap completely, the reproductive system will be able to function normally, which means that a woman will be able to conceive, give birth and endure a healthy child. But if the cavities literally cover the entire space of the cervix, it can interfere with fertilization and complicate bearing. In addition, if the cyst is large, it can burst. And if subsequently there is an infection, it will increase the risk of developing cervical erosion. In such cases, treatment is required.
Most often endocervical cysts are found in women giving birth at the age of 35-40 years. This is due to the fact that the membranes of the cervical canal in the process of delivery are violated, there are so-called hyperechoic inclusions due to damage to the cervix. And often such inclusions grow into cysts. But the integrity of the shells is often found in young and nulliparous girls.
We list some possible causes of the formation of cysts:
- Previously transmitted inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, such as colpitis, cervicitis.
- Cervical erosion. Shells lose integrity, which is a negative influence factor.
- Often, these neoplasms develop after burning or healing of cervical erosion.
Often, a woman who has a cyst is found does not feel anything. If the neoplasms are small, they do not cause any discomfort and, especially, painful sensations. There are also no other manifestations in such cases.
If the cyst is rather voluminous and is located close to the entrance to the cervix and especially near the vagina, then some signs may be present:
- Slight spotting, starting a few days before menstruation.
- Sensation of foreign body, a kind of discomfort( with impressive dimensions of the tumor).
- If tissue infection occurs, pains in the lower abdomen may occur, the discharge becomes more abundant, they may appear not only before menstruation, but also in the middle of the menstrual cycle.
In some cases, endocervical cysts are detected on examination by a gynecologist, but in order to make an accurate diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe the following procedures:
- Ultrasound examination( ultrasound) of the cervix. It will detect changes in the structure of tissues.
- Extended colposcopy is one of the most accurate diagnostic methods. Tissues of the cervix are examined under a microscope, which allows obtaining accurate and reliable data on their structure and changes.
- Also a stroke will be taken for various infections of the genitourinary system. This procedure is important, since removal can not be performed in the presence of such diseases.
- Oncocytology. After taking the smear, the material will be examined to identify malignant changes.
- Pap smear( Pap test) can identify the earliest signs of cell degeneration, as well as the risk of developing cancer. Such a study is carried out with the help of special coloring indicator compositions.
How to treat?
In most cases, endocervical cysts do not require treatment. If they are small, do not show themselves and do not affect the work of the reproductive system, it will be enough to monitor their condition and visit the doctor regularly to see the slightest changes and take action. If there is a risk of a rupture, infection occurs, or there is a cervical canal overlap, the gynecologist will prescribe the treatment.
It is worth noting that removal of the cyst is possible only when there are no inflammatory diseases and processes of the genitourinary system. So the first and extremely important stage of therapy is the elimination of all inflammations. And only then can the problem of eliminating the neoplasm be solved.
There are several possible ways to solve this problem:
If the cyst is located close to the vagina, then the best way to remove it in this case is the laser method. With the help of a laser, small and medium-sized tumors are usually removed.
- If the cavity is found in the cervix, then the radio wave method is used. This procedure is usually performed using local anesthesia. With the help of radio waves will be performed opening( puncture) of the cavity and the subsequent removal of its contents( cervical secret).This method is considered to be the least traumatic, scars after the impact in most cases are absent.
- If the cysts are deep, then the cryotherapy method is applied. It implies the use of liquid nitrogen. Such a substance allows to reach low temperatures, under the influence of which the tissues of endocervical cysts are frozen, die and fall off. This procedure can not be carried out under the condition of any inflammation. Usually the session is appointed immediately after the end of menstruation, it is during this period that the tissues have the optimal structure for this effect.
- If the cyst is combined with a disease( eg, adnexitis), then only surgical removal is indicated. The operation is performed under anesthesia and very traumatic.
This or that method can be determined only by a specialist and by all means, after all the necessary studies have been carried out in order to identify inflammation and determine the degree of structural changes.
Conservative treatment of
Medications and procedures do not allow the removal of the cyst completely, but they can be used as prevention of relapse, and to reduce the risk of cysts in those who are affected by negative factors. In such cases, some funds( more often plant or homeopathic) or physiotherapy procedures may be prescribed.
Folk methods of treatment are also not effective, but can be used along with basic treatment or as preventive measures.
You can prepare a decoction from a mixture of the following herbs: one part of wormwood, alternatives, nettle, valerian roots, walnut leaves, sorrel, 4 pieces of immortelle and burdock roots, and 6 parts of St. John's wort.3 tablespoons of this mixture, pour 500 ml of boiling water and insist an hour. Take ½ cup at a time three times a day for half an hour before meals.
And remember that women's health depends on a responsible attitude towards it!
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