Heat and sun are not always useful. If their impact was too long and excessive, a heat stroke may occur.
This condition is typical for both adults and children. And what are the symptoms of heat stroke? And what to do with this condition?
- 1 What is it?
- 2 Reasons for
- 3 Manifestations of
- 4 How to be?
- 5 Prevention
What is it?
Thermal shock is a serious and dangerous condition that occurs in adults and children as a result of prolonged exposure to high temperatures. Normally, the body is able to lower body temperature independently under unfavorable conditions.
But if the increase is significant, and the effect of heat is long, then the processes of thermoregulation are violated. Almost all the liquid evaporates and sweating( namely it is the main constituent of thermoregulation) ceases.
The water-salt balance is disturbed, which affects literally all systems and organs. Violated blood circulation and blood supply of tissues, there are unfavorable changes in various metabolic processes, and the regulation of breathing suffers.
There is an extremely negative effect on the heart( potassium liberated from red blood cells, affects the heart muscle is not the best way).In addition to everything else, the brain suffers too: the edema of its membranes occurs, and hemorrhages may occur.
This is why the signs of heat stroke in adults and children can not be overlooked, and treatment should be immediate.
What causes heat stroke in children or adults? Its main cause is a prolonged exposure to heat. But there are also other factors that exacerbate and intensify the effect of heat, and also accelerate the course of pathological processes in the body.
Let's list the following factors:
- High air temperature.
Often it is observed in the hot season in the open air, in a bathhouse, boiler rooms and other places.
- High humidity.
Under the influence of such a factor, sweating is intensified, the liquid evaporates faster from the body.
- Physical activity.
When a person experiences stresses, his body temperature automatically increases due to increased work of muscles, and sweating rises.
When exposed to a combination of all these factors, heat stroke will come much faster, and its degree will be severe.
We list the main signs and symptoms of heat stroke in adults or children:
- Strong thirst. First, a person simply wants to drink, then, due to a lack of fluid in the body, the tongue can become dry and white.
- There is also dizziness, there may be severe weakness, drowsiness.
- There may be pain in the muscles or in the head. Pain sensations are sometimes localized in other parts of the body.
- Often, symptoms such as nausea or even vomiting are noted.
- In the early stages of heat stroke may be accompanied by increased sweating. At first, a lot of sweat, but then the amount of it decreases, it becomes sticky. But in severe cases sweat, on the contrary, is completely absent, the skin becomes dry.
- Sometimes in adults and children there are breathing disorders: shortness of breath, sensation of lack of air, shallow or intermittent breathing. In severe cases, there may be signs of suffocation.
- Heat stroke can cause discoloration of the skin. At first the skin turns red, but then it can become pale or even go blue( in severe cases).
- Pay attention to the pulse. The victim can do nothing, but his heartbeat will be more frequent. As the condition worsens, the pulse becomes uneven and can be slowed down due to a significant lowering of the blood pressure level.
- In especially severe cases, there are violations of balance and coordination of movements, fear of light, hallucinations, panic, anxiety, rashness and chaotic movements and actions.
- Increased body temperature( up to 40 degrees and even higher).
- Pupils can be enlarged and do not respond to light.
It should be noted that often the signs of this condition in children are less pronounced and obvious than in adults. But for children this condition is more dangerous.
How to be?
What should I do if I develop this condition? Treatment of heat stroke should be immediate, as if nothing is done, then there is the risk of coma and even death. So, with the slightest suspicion of a heat stroke, you need to call a doctor and try to lower the body temperature of the victim.
Here are the basic steps:
- Remove all clothing from the person, move it to a cool place.
- Wipe or swallow the victim with cool water.
- You can put a person ice.
- Use the fan.
- If the condition is not critical and a person can drink, offer him cool water. But drink it better in small sips, so as not to cause vomiting.
- What will specialists do in the hospital if a heat stroke is diagnosed? It all depends on the severity of the condition. Intravenous infusions of saline solutions are often performed. Other drugs used to relieve the condition.
What can I do to avoid getting a heat stroke?
- Wear a hat.
- Observe the drinking regimen.
- Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight or in hot areas.
Protect yourself from the effects of sun and heat!