19Feb

What is acidosis, how to treat it?

Acidosis - methods of combating it.

Acidosis - methods of dealing with it.

The body is a very complex system, consisting of various parts: organs, tissues, cells. And if at some level a failure occurred, then the functioning of the whole organism will certainly be broken. For example, if the amount of acids( they are certainly present in the tissues, blood) will rise, then acidosis will arise. And what are his symptoms? And how should effective treatment be carried out?

Contents:

  1. What is it?
  2. Reasons for
  3. Manifestations of
  4. Diagnosis
  5. How to treat?

What is it?

Acidosis is not an independent disease, but a condition that occurs as a result of a violation of the acid-base balance of the body. Each body contains acids, they are necessary for its functioning. And in the normal state, these very acids must be eliminated, which provides a balance. But if this does not happen for some reason, they will accumulate in the blood, in the urine and even in some organs. This is sure to tell anxious symptoms. It should be noted that treatment should be timely, as strong oxidation is not normal, it can lead to sad consequences.

There are several varieties of this disease. For example, if we take as a basis the classification of the mechanism of development of the state, we can distinguish the following types:

  • Respiratory acidosis occurs due to inadequate removal of carbon dioxide during respiration. It turns out that it accumulates in the blood and changes its composition.
  • Nonspiratory acidosis arises from the accumulation in the blood of nonvolatile acids, which for some reason are not excreted, but remain in the body.
  • There is also a mixed form in which both carbon dioxide and non-volatile acids are accumulated.
A good example of the disease.

A good example of the disease.

Nonspiratory acidosis can also be classified:

  • Metabolic. This is the most common and at the same time complex form, in which endogenous acids begin to accumulate in the tissues of the body, disrupting their functioning. Symptoms are most pronounced, immediate treatment is required.
  • Exclusive. It occurs in the case of a violation of the excretory function of the body, for example, with renal failure.
  • Exogenous. Its main reason is the intake of an excess amount of such substances in the body that are converted into acids during the processing and begin to accumulate, not having time to be excreted.

Depending on the concentration of acids( it is determined by the level of pH), the following are released:

  • When the pH value is close to the lower limits of the norms, compensated acidosis is diagnosed. In this condition, a person may not long suspect such changes, but they will gradually( sometimes for several years) disrupt the body.
  • With a slight excess of normal values, this is a subcompensated form.
  • At a significant excess of the norm, they speak of a decompensated form. Usually the symptoms are obvious, the consequences can be sad, therefore, immediate and competent treatment is required.

Reasons for

Such a state can not develop for no reason. There are many negative factors that can cause acid-base balance disorders:

  1. Diseases of the kidneys, which are associated mainly with lesions of the renal tubules. This is the case with kidney failure and other conditions.
  2. Taking some medications containing salicylates, calcium or ammonium chloride, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, and others.
  3. Circulatory disturbances( especially in the small circle), accompanied by stagnation of blood, for example, such as left ventricular failure or pulmonary edema.
  4. Respiratory failure in severe form, developing with such ailments as pneumonia, obstructive pulmonary diseases, emphysema, pulmonary embolism, hypoventilation. Under such conditions, carbon dioxide is not released when exhaled to the fullest.
    Emphysema can disrupt the acid-base balance.

    Emphysema can disrupt the acid-base balance.

  5. Poisoning of the body with certain substances, which in the process of metabolism are transformed into acids.
  6. Loss of bicarbonate bases along with gastric juices. This happens with severe vomiting or with diarrhea, as well as after surgical interventions or with some pathologies of the digestive tract( stenosis of the pylorus).
  7. Diseases and conditions leading to metabolic disorders: diabetes mellitus, fever, hematopoiesis or blood circulation disorders.
  8. Harmful habits, especially alcohol abuse and smoking.
  9. Insufficient nutrition( diets, starvation, rejection of certain products).
  10. Poisoning.
  11. The appearance of malignant neoplasms.
  12. Acidosis can develop during pregnancy( for example, as a result of severe toxemia).
  13. Lowering of blood glucose level, called hypoglycemia.
  14. Dehydration of the body( with extreme heat, increased sweating or with insufficient fluid intake).
  15. Lack of oxygen. This condition can occur with severe stress and some mental abnormalities( panic attacks), anemia or heart failure.

Manifestations of

Symptoms of a disease such as acidosis, with a mild form of the disease or at its initial stage may not be manifested or disturbed at all. And sometimes they are expressed only in the signs of the underlying disease, which led to the accumulation of acids and the development of this condition. But it is important to recognize the manifestations in time to start treatment and avoid severe consequences, one of which is coma, and then death.

Here are the symptoms that should alert:

  • The lung form can manifest itself as a deterioration in the general condition of a person. There are signs such as drowsiness, decreased performance, chronic fatigue, fatigue, apathy, inhibition.
  • The respiratory form is usually accompanied by impaired breathing functions: dyspnea occurs, breathing becomes more frequent, inhalations become deeper, at times a person may feel that there is not enough air.
  • The patient has nausea which develops into vomiting.

    The patient has nausea which develops into vomiting.

    Nausea often occurs, as it worsens, it becomes worse and develops into vomiting.

  • In some cases, muscle tone decreases, limbs become weak. But cramps and spasms are possible.
  • The patient's appearance may change. The skin will be pale, but when the content of certain acids increases, it often blushes. The face can swell up, swell, there will always be perspiration on it.
  • There may be an unusual smell from the mouth( for example, the smell of acetone or even fruit).
  • Acidosis is accompanied by mental disorders. Initially, the patient may be talkative, be in a good mood, but then there will be inhibition, the mind will become confused. In severe forms, anxiety, panic attacks, and shock conditions are noted. Possible severe dizziness, fainting.
  • Cardiac arrhythmias( frequent or arrhythmia) may occur, increase blood pressure.
  • The amount of excreted urine will first increase, but then significantly decrease.

Diagnosis

You can identify acidosis with the help of blood and urine tests, as their composition will certainly change.

How to treat?

With such a disease as acidosis, immediate treatment is required, since in severe cases a fatal outcome is likely. So if there are any alarming symptoms, immediately consult a doctor.

Here are the main measures:

  1. Elimination of the cause of the development of the condition, that is, treatment of the underlying disease or elimination of pathologies. For example, in diabetes requires the introduction of insulin. If ventilation of the lungs is impaired, it will be performed artificially. Also, drainage of the lungs, removal of sputum( suction) and the use of expectorants will be required.
  2. You need to follow a certain diet. The patient should consume more berries, vegetables, fruits, cereals, vegetable products. And from strong tea and coffee, alcohol, fried, flour, smoked, pickled, sweet and salty it is worth noting.
  3. Blood must be cleaned of toxins and acids. Plasmapheresis may be required.
  4. Dialysis is effective in some cases.
  5. In severe forms, intravenously injected liquid, as well as sodium bicarbonate. If the patient can drink alone, he should do it. Effective intake of dissolved in water soda.
  6. If necessary, symptomatic treatment is performed.

Acidosis can be cured if the measures are timely. Health to you!
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