Treatment of herpes on the lips is not an easy task for those who have encountered this disease. Herpes on the lips( oral or facial herpes) causes a lot of inconvenience: bubble rashes that appear on the mucous membrane of the lips and in the mouth, for a long time "wet", causing pain. Sores usually heal within 2-3 weeks, but the herpes virus remains latent( at rest) in the facial nerves, and with the slightest weakening of the immune system again manifests itself with new ulcers and blisters.
The appearance of herpes on the lips is associated with the herpes simplex virus( HSV-1).There are two types of HSV-HSV-1 and HSV-2.HSV-1 causes ulcers in the oral cavity and on the mucous membrane of the lips, which are commonly called herpes or fever. HSV-2 becomes the cause of genital herpes. But in some cases, when sexual partners practice oral-genital relationships, the infection crosses, resulting in HSV-2 can provoke herpes on the lips, and HSV-1 - herpes on the genitals.
- Causes and symptoms of herpes on the lips
- Complications of herpes on the lips
- Diagnosis of herpes on the lips
- Treatment of herpes on the lips
- Medical treatment
- Treatment with folk remedies
- Herpes on the lips during pregnancy
- Herpes prevention on the lips
- Memo for patients
Causes andsymptoms of herpes on the lips
Herpes simplex virus enters the human body through cuts, abrasions and other damages to the skin or mucous membranes. But most often the infection occurs when the uninfected person directly communicates with the carrier of the virus( through kissing, social or sexual contact, etc.).After HSV penetrates the body, he never leaves it.
Moving along the nerve endings together with the fluid flow, it enters the central nervous system. There, the virus multiplies, without any symptoms, and becomes inactive until appropriate conditions are created. With a decrease in immunity or the appearance of certain stresses, emotional or physical, the virus reactivates, "descends" into the nerve endings and appears on the skin in the form of blisters and sores in the mouth or on the lips, less often on the nose, chin and cheeks.
The frequency of relapses can vary significantly - from once every few years to several times a year. The appearance of outbreaks of herpes can be affected by stress, menstruation, sunburn, dehydration, local trauma to the skin. Removal of dental nerves, lip tattooing, dermabarzy also fall into the number of factors that cause the activation of HSV-1.In some cases, the virus can be transmitted to newborn children from family members and hospital staff who have herpes.
Symptoms include painful sores and blisters on the lip or under the nose. The appearance of such lesions on the skin is sometimes accompanied by fever( fever).Before the appearance of external signs of herpes on the lips, the skin in this area becomes very sensitive - itching, burning, tingling may appear. When injuring blisters of herpes from them begins to ooze fluid.
In addition, the symptoms of herpes on the lips can:
- Sore throat, especially when swallowing;
- Loss of appetite;
- Lethargy and irritability;Unpleasant odor from the mouth;
- Swelling of the salivary glands.
Herpes usually passes on its own for 14-20 days, and rarely leads to complications.
Complications of herpes on the lips
People who have herpes can independently transfer their virus to other areas of the skin and mucous membranes, which is called autoinoculation.
HSV can affect the eyes and lead to a condition called herpetic keratitis - inflammation of the cornea of the eye, which leads to poor eyesight, in most cases - to complete blindness.
Infections in infants.
A pregnant woman who has genital herpes at the time of delivery can transmit the virus to her child when it passes through the birth canal. With such infection of a child, he can die or get serious damage, in particular mental retardation. For such patients, HSV is an indication for cesarean section.
Other complications of herpes on the lips may include:
- dehydration of the body, especially in young children;
- periodic recurrence in the same location, which can lead to skin atrophy and scarring;
- attachment of a secondary bacterial infection, including impetigo - the formation of purulent vesicles on the skin;
- herpetiform eczema;
- rare complications of herpes include herpetic encephalitis, meningitis, ophthalmic herpes and erythema multiforme.
Diagnosis of herpes on the lips of
The doctor will make a presumptive diagnosis based on the information received from the patient, as well as the results of the medical examination. The characteristic appearance of herpetic sores does not raise doubts about the correctness of the final diagnosis, therefore, in subsequent studies, as a rule, there is no need.
If there are concerns about the spread of infection to other organ systems, the physician may prescribe the following laboratory tests:
- A sample( tissue or fluid) from the ulcer to identify the HSV virus;
- Assay for viral culture;
- Experience with staining( smear by Tzanck);
- Studies of antigens and antibodies.
Treatment of herpes on the lips
Despite the fact that signs of herpes after 2-3 weeks pass independently, to accelerate this process and prevent relapse requires treatment. Of course, medicines that are able to eliminate the herpes virus completely, to this day has not been developed. But at the same time, there are many medications that hinder the reproduction of the virus and effectively combat its manifestations. These medicines include special ointments, creams intended for topical use and tablets for oral administration.
It should immediately be noted that the rapid treatment of herpes on the lips in the early stages is the most effective. At the first suspicions on the forthcoming rash( when subcutaneous showing and itching in the area of the lips, chin or under the nose) it is necessary to use any effective remedy for local herpes. This will help to avoid further spread of the virus through the mucous membranes.
Acyclovir( Zovirax), Valaciclovir( Valtrex) and Famciclovir( Famvir) - these ointments can reduce symptoms and the frequency of herpes rash in many patients. They prevent the proliferation of HSV, and are also effective when taken in tablet form prior to the outbreak of the virus. Antiviral creams containing acyclovir( Zovirax) or penciclovir( Devinar) may also help to drown the virus at an early stage if used with the first symptoms of herpes.
The advantage of such antiviral drugs is that their use at the initial stage of herpes eliminates any of its manifestations during the first 7-10 days even without treatment.
- Paracetamol and Ibuprofen are effective in alleviating the pain and hyperthermia of the site of localization of herpetic rashes;
- An analgesic for gingivostomatitis Benzimamine is a mouthwash( over 13 years old) or spray( no age restrictions, but different doses for patients younger and older than 6 years old);
- Chlorhexidine - mouthwash with gingivostomatitis( age restrictions are not specified by the manufacturer);
- Choline salicylate gel - for the relief of herpes pain( contraindicated up to 16 years);
- Lidocaine gel - to relieve the pain of herpes( no age limit, suitable for children).
- Antiviral agents for topical use:
- Acyclovir 5%( age limits not specified by the manufacturer);
- Penciclovir 1% cream is used from 12 years.
Often, patients with herpes on the lips can be shown laser therapy, which reduces pain and reduces the frequency of relapses. This is especially useful for the elderly, due to the low incidence of side effects.
Treatment with folk remedies
To ease the symptoms of herpes on the lips and prevent relapses, you can use not only medications, but also recipes of folk medicine men and healers. Of course, modern medicine does not support the treatment of this disease with folk remedies, but, nevertheless, they exist, and many successfully use folk remedies in the fight against herpes.
Recipe 1. Calendula and Vaseline
One of the popular remedies for herpes on the lips in folk medicine is Vaseline and Calendula. To make it, you need to collect fresh leaves of marigold and squeeze out the juice from them. Mix 1 tbsp.l.calendula juice with 1 tsp. Vaseline and rub the resulting composition into the skin and mucous membranes affected by herpes.
Recipe 2. Aloe juice
You can make legends about the miraculous healing properties of the aloe plant. It is used to treat many diseases - catarrhal, fungal, dermatological, etc. No less effective is the plant and in the fight against herpes. For this, it is necessary to make a cut on a leaf of aloe, and apply this cut to herpes for 30 minutes. In the first stages of the disease, redness and pain can be removed only in 2-3 procedures.
Recipe 3. Fir oil
The next popular "healer", able to cope with herpes, is essential oil of fir. This oil must be treated with affected areas using a sterile cotton swab, throughout the day at intervals of 2 hours.
Herpes on the lips during pregnancy
With the secondary appearance of herpes in pregnancy, there is no danger for the child. But if the signs of herpes in this period appeared for the first time - in order to prevent a possible danger for the child, it is necessary to inform the doctor about this. As a rule, the treatment of herpes during pregnancy involves the use of antiviral ointments, for example, Zovirax. In addition, there are also special anti-herpes lipsticks, well, and no one canceled treatment with folk remedies. However, to choose a really suitable remedy, you need to consult a doctor.
Most often, a woman becomes infected with herpes by her own recklessness: through unwashed hands, kisses, dishes, etc. It is these causes of herpes that are the most common for women "in position".
Prevention of herpes on the lips
The herpes virus is in a "dormant" condition in more than 95% of the population, therefore, in order to prevent, it is necessary to lead a healthy lifestyle and strengthen the immune system. An excellent proven preventive against all diseases, including herpes, is hardening of the body. In addition, you need to remember the following:
- Sunscreen can be useful for people who are prone to frequent recurrences of herpes, triggered by sunlight. Therefore, before going outdoors in sunny weather, it is recommended to treat the area of the face with such a means;
- Avoid direct contact with people who have a herpetic eruption;
- Items that have had direct contact with herpetic ulcers or blisters of the patient( towels, bed linens) are subject to mandatory boiling after each use;
- Do not use the same dishes or other items with a person who has herpes on the lips.
Adherence to all these conditions and timely treatment will reduce the risk of herpes on the lips to a minimum.
Reminder for patients
It should always be remembered that the appearance of herpetic eruptions in a person makes it contagious to the surrounding people until the signs of herpes are completely gone. In this case, the virus is dangerous not only to others, but also to the patient himself, as touching sores and blisters with his hands, he can put the infection in the eyes or genitals. Therefore, during an exacerbation, it is necessary not only to properly treat herpes on the lips with medicines or folk remedies, but also observe simple rules:
- In no case can you squeeze out the formed bubbles and pick up the dried crusts. Such actions can lead to the spread of infection to other areas of the skin.
- It should be as rarely as possible to touch the affected by rashes of the lips. After each touch, you should thoroughly wash your hands using soap.
- During the period of exacerbation it is important to refrain from kissing and oral-genital contacts.
- For the entire period of the illness, get a personal towel and dishes.
- When using contact lenses, do not wet them with saliva.
- The application of antiviral agents should be carried out only with a cotton swab, and in no case by a finger.
- Symptoms of viral meningitis
- Sore throat when swallowing