Chondrosis( Greek chondrus, chondros - cartilage) means degenerative-dystrophic changes of intervertebral discs in the cervical spine. Since pathology involves not only disc cartilage, but also the bone tissue of the vertebrae, this process is called osteochondrosis. Negative changes in intervertebral discs lead to the appearance of corresponding clinical manifestations or, simply, the symptoms of cervical chondrosis.
The cunning of the cervical chondrosis is that at first it does not make itself known. Degeneration and deterioration of the elastic properties of the disc does not show itself. But only at first. As the disk dehydrates, thinens, loses its elasticity and strength, it becomes more vulnerable. Such a disk is easily displaced as a result of the action of various provoking factors - hypothermia, sudden movements, traumas. The appearance of signs of cervical chondrosis is facilitated by some anatomical features of the cervical region - the relative fragility of the vertebrae, weakness of the neck muscles with a wide range of movements.
Cervical chondrosis is characterized by chronic-recurrent course. This means that the illness periodically exacerbates, then calms down in order to once again remind of itself after a while. Most often, exacerbation begins suddenly after the above factors. Then the severity of symptoms decreases, and sometimes they disappear altogether. But the cause of the symptoms - chondrosis, remains, as before.
Symptoms of cervical spine chondrosis include:
Dizziness and nausea in cervical osteochondrosis
- Neck pain
- Neck strain
- Pain in the shoulder girdle that gives to the shoulder joint, to the interscapular area and to the upper extremities
- Stiffness of the movements in the cervical and shoulder joints
- Here also - a sensitivity disorder by the type of paresthesia( sensation of cold snap, numbness).
Attention to the so-called.symptoms of tension. These symptoms are caused by irritation of the nerve roots due to active movements( turns, head inclinations forward), accompanied by cervical muscle tension. In addition to the above symptoms, cervical chondrosis can be accompanied by such signs as earache, palpitations, decreased sensitivity of the tongue. These signs are due to subluxations of the vertebrae - their displacement relative to each other. Subluxations are accompanied by infringement of nerve rootlets between vertebrae.
Most pathological changes occur in the middle and lower parts with a lesion of 4-7 cervical vertebrae.
Brain symptoms of
However, these symptoms do not exhaust all the troubles associated with cervical chondrosis. The fact is that through the holes in the transverse processes of the cervical vertebrae passes the vertebral artery, which supplies blood to the brain. If cervical chondrosis is complicated by the displacement of the disc or the vertebrae itself, a narrowing of the vertebral artery and, consequently, insufficient blood flow to the brain may occur.
This forms the whole symptom complex, united in the general concept of vertebral artery syndrome, which includes:
- Nausea, urges for vomiting
- General weakness
- Movement coordination disorder, gait shaky
- Drowsiness or insomnia
- Spotting disorders
- Noise in the ears
- Blood pressure fluctuations.
Ka can be seen from all the above, the clinical picture for cervical chondrosis is diverse. For this reason, cervical chondrosis can easily be mistaken for other diseases - cerebral stroke, hypertension, eye diseases or ENT organs. This fact is the cause of false diagnoses, exhibited in some cases of cervical chondrosis. To prevent this, a comprehensive instrumental diagnosis is needed.