Any pain in the ankle gives you inconveniences - you have to forget about stylish footwear and active sports, forget about romantic walks and morning jogging after the bus. And therefore, in all possible ways, you aspire to get rid of it as quickly as possible. Not always, feeling an ailment, you go straight to the doctor, often home therapies come, which are not always right, and not always appropriate.
Find out the reasons for
In order for the healing process to give a positive result, one must know the causes of pain in the ankle well and act on them. Among all pathologies, which can hurt the ankle joint, the injuries are confidently leading. These include:
- Sprains or ligament ruptures;
Among the chronic diseases that cause the development of pain in the ankle joint, are:
- Arthritis and arthrosis;
- Osteochondrosis of the lumbosacral spine;
- Inflammatory tendon processes;
- Heel spur;
- Pathology of the foot( longitudinal or transverse flatfoot).
Heel spur is a common cause of pain in the ankle
Among the reasons easily eliminated without treatment, it can be noted:
- Excess body weight;
- Wearing narrow, uncomfortable shoes with high heels.
There is also a large group of diseases in which ankle pain is a concomitant symptom - rheumatism, varicose veins, diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis and many other pathologies that can last for years. In these cases, patients usually know well why the leg is sore and how to cope with the ailment.
Errors If you suddenly feel severe pain in the ankle and do not associate their appearance with a probable injury, do not warm your ankle. Any thermal procedure can lead to increased pain and swelling, which will make diagnosis difficult.
Also it is not necessary to grind and massage a sick leg - active mechanical techniques can aggravate an injury. Any local treatment in the first day of pain in the ankle involves the use of cold - a bubble with ice or a cold salt compress.
For ankle pain, a tight bandage can be replaced with an orthosis of industrial production
. The correct route is
. If yesterday your legs were perfectly healthy, and today you noticed that the ankle is swollen and aching, go to a traumatologist. And, the faster you get to it, the better. What will the doctor do first? He will send you to X-ray, and only after the shot is ready, he will prescribe the treatment.
Oh, those ligaments!
Have turned a leg, have hurt, have awkwardly risen - have stretched ligament. The degree of this pathology is 3, and the ankle joint hurts the stronger, the stronger the ligaments are. The term "stretching" has become firmly established in our vocabulary, although the ligaments of our joints can not stretch - these are the features of the fibrous tissue from which they consist. At the first degree of extension, the ligament is ligated, the second is tearing, and it is customary to speak about the third degree when the ligament is ruptured.
Treatment of this pathology always assumes:
Treatment of sprains of the ankle joint
- Mobility limitation;
- Cold and adequate anesthesia on the first day;
- Imposition of a tight bandage on the ankle joint. And in some cases, the bandage can be replaced with a gypsum lanceum, and sometimes an operation may be required to restore the function of the joint.
Treatment for dislocations and fractures of the ankle is carried out only with the help of gypsum. And the term of wearing a plaster bandage is quite long. Of great importance is the well-organized rehabilitation program after trauma, it depends on it whether the ankle will function normally in the future.
When one hurts, and when two joints
If the ankle hurts on one leg, the pain is most likely caused by the heel spur or exacerbation of lumbar osteochondrosis. Pain with spur - acute, burning, and with osteochondrosis spreads not only to the ankle, but also to the entire lower limb.
If the ankle joints hurt on both legs - you probably have arthritis or flat feet. With inflammatory articular diseases, the joint will look edematous, the skin on the surface may be hyperemic, but with flat-footed external changes you may not notice.
Self-dealing with the cause of pain in the ankle is very difficult, and even eliminate it and even more so. Therefore, with repeated pains( even if they are not located in the ankle), consult a doctor.
Useful preventive exercises:
About traditional medicine
There are people who "do not like doctors" and prefer to cope with any ailments with the help of a variety of folk recipes. Pain in the ankles is not the case if you want to move to your old age on your healthy legs. You can apply various methods of treatment to the grandmother, and even during the rehabilitation period after the injury, but only after they are approved by your doctor.
For the removal of pain, folk medicine uses herbs and herbs, home-made ointments, and various alcohol rubbing. But you need to know exactly and the dose, and the duration of the course of treatment, and no one except the doctor will tell you about it. Do not disregard the recommendations of professionals, because a reasonable attitude to their health in youth - a pledge of your activity in old age.