From the moment of birth to the end of his days a person constantly has to face pain. It is the main sign of many diseases. And the very term "disease" was derived from this word. Pain sensations always indicate a malfunction in the body, but which ones, it is clear not immediately. A clear example of this is pain in the lower back.
Why there is
It is believed that the back ached at least once in the life of more than 80% of the population. We can name dozens of diseases accompanied by pain of the lumbar of different intensity due to:
- osteochondrosis and its neurological complications;
- hernia lumbar region;
- radiculopathy of the lumbosacral spine;
- of degenerative-dystrophic processes - osteoarthrosis of the spine;
- inflammatory diseases of the joints of the spine;
- chronic and acute diseases of internal organs;
- fractures, spinal injuries in the lumbar spine;
- neoplasm of benign, malignant in the pelvis and waist;
- congenital anomalies of the spine;
- physiological pain syndrome - pregnancy and childbirth.
Accidental fall and spine is injured by
But not all diseases are accompanied by painful sensations. For example, leukemia, such tumor lumbar structures as hemangiomas, are asymptomatic. Sometimes painful feelings do not arise because of illness, but as a result of uncomfortable posture during sleep, performance of a certain job.
The modern classification of the pain syndrome is as follows:
- nocidal - pain impulses come to the central nervous system from irritated receptors of the skin, internal organs, deep tissues;
- neurogenic - are not associated with irritation of pain receptors, are caused by damage to the peripheral or central nervous system;
- psychogenic - painful perception depends on the person's personality. An emotionally healthy person almost does not perceive a weak pain and adequately reacts to a strong one.
Noxigenic pain occurs with irritation of pain receptors as a result of rapid stretching, spasm, or contraction of the smooth muscles of the internal organs. It often has a mirrored character. Appears not in the diseased organ, but in a completely different place. For example, with kidney disease, pain occurs in the lumbar region.
Neurogenic have a different, completely unexplored mechanism of appearance. These are the pains that in everyday life and medical practice are called blunt, pulling, scorching, shooting pains. They can manifest themselves as an ambiguous reaction to ordinary stimuli-the touch of the hand, the whiff of the wind, etc.
Psychogenic - the degree of perception in different people can be significantly different, determined by the individual reaction to pain stimuli. Their manifestation is influenced by the state of the nervous system, upbringing, cultural, national, inborn factors.
Pain in women
Nature took care of a woman as a future mother. It is much easier for men to suffer very severe pain in any life situation. For the sake of a child's birth, persistently sustains prolonged pain during the period of gestation and during many hours of labor, childbirth. But these are physiological and normal pains. They pay off with the joy of the birth of a new life.
Pain with a month prevents a woman from working fully
But there are other pains in women associated with inflammatory diseases of the genitals. This is a special sensitive issue, which it is not customary to talk openly about. But, nevertheless, it exists and causes a lot of trouble. As a rule, "female" pains are pulling, aching, often appear even at night.
Another female problem is premenstrual syndrome. It is characterized by periodicity and appearance only in the second half of the cycle before the monthly. There are many clinical manifestations, but the most common is back pain, in the lower abdomen, passing in the first phase of the cycle.
One can not but mention another reason for the pain in women of different ages. Walking all day in high heels, a woman by night will remember about the lower back. It will make itself felt at the bottom of the lower back.
Osteochondrosis is the leader in the presence of acute low back pain. The disease develops early and has many manifestations. The person barely had time to ossify the spine to 25 years, as he immediately begins to grow old. How quickly there will be signs of degenerative-dystrophic changes in the cartilages of small vertebrae, largely depends on the lifestyle of the person himself. Physically active people with normal weight, fully fed to old age, do not know the severe back pain caused by:
- protrusions - bulging of the disc in the vertebral canal;
- hernia - protrusion of the gelatinous nucleus of the disc through cracks of the fibrous ring of the same disc;
- with ostearthrosis - destruction of cartilaginous tissue;
- arthritis - inflammation of small vertebrae;
- radiculopathy - infringement of nerve roots;
- is obese.
Osteochondrosis complicated by herniated discs, squeezed roots
Osteochondrosis can cause another disease, accompanied by damage to the intervertebral discs - deforming spondylosis. In this case, the disc begins to decay not from the nucleus, as in hernia, but from the fibrous ring. If you do not delve into the details, as a result of the disease, the spine will bone. But at first there are minor pains and stiffness in the mornings, with time growing into a sharp pain in the lower back.
In persons aged 50 years and older, the small joints of the spine affects arthrosis. Unlike other diseases, acute pain with arthrosis does not appear with vertical load, but with inclines, movement of the back. And arise against a background of normal state of health.
Compression fractures of the spinous processes of the vertebrae in the upper lumbar region cause severe pain, rounding the girdle. With a fracture of the transverse processes of the vertebrae, sudden sharp pain occurs when the patient attempts to unbend his leg, bent in the hip joint.
Diseases of the internal organs
Lumbar pain caused by diseases of the internal organs is precisely the noocyanic reflected pain referred to above. Where a pain syndrome arises depends on the anatomical location of the affected organ.
Kidney stones cause severe pain in the lower back of the
In the sacral region, the lower back can be very painful for diseases of the pelvic organs. Diseases of the lower half of the abdominal cavity cause pain, giving back to the lumbar spine. If the pathological focus is located in the upper abdomen, pain appears in the upper part of the waist. Reflected pains cause:
- urolithiasis, it is more often manifested by acute unilateral pain in the lower back. When deposits of stones in the left kidney, they, respectively, appear in the lower back on the left;
- kidney disease - pyelonephritis, nephrosis, nephroptosis( omission of the kidneys).Acute painful sensations appear from the side of the diseased kidney;
- pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas, characterized by a severe condition of the patient and shingles.
Different cases of
Typical situations of back pain are well known to many. After a week of work at the computer, a person decided to dig up beds in the country or clean snow near the garage. And suddenly the "chamber" in the lower back. The reason is classic - tilt with rotation and simultaneous lifting of gravity. So there is a myalgia of the lumbar region - a sharp stiffening pain in the muscles. It is intensified by drafts, hypothermia.
Incorrect position at work with time will affect the patient with his back
After such a "shot" in the back in the morning after sleep, one feels stiffness, awkwardness while moving and other unpleasant sensations. On this the sufferings of the patient do not end. Pain can give in the leg, buttock. The victim seeks to occupy the "position of the embryo" - lie on his side and press his legs to the stomach.
Habits of stooping or leaning to the side when working at the table, too, will not bring to the good. Inability to properly sit and move over time will affect the curvature of the spine and pain in the lower back.
Pain does not appear anywhere. She, along with inflammation, edema, hyperthermia, persecutes a person until he finally recovers. What should I do if my lower back aches? Tolerant pain can be tried to remove yourself.
Therapeutic exercises for the spine beyond the exacerbation of
Take any analgesic that is in the home medicine chest, the same tablet of analgin, baralgina, at worst, aspirin. Only not on an empty stomach. Otherwise, gastric bleeding may be added to the existing troubles. Then gently rub in the lower back any non-steroidal ointment: orthophene, diclofenac, ketanol, indomethacin.
If treatment does not help, ask for medical help. Pain in the lower back can be so strong that before you examine the patient, doctors must first eliminate the pain syndrome. For the removal of shooting pain, emergency novocaine or lidocaine blockades with the joint use of:
- non-steroid drugs;
- of vitamins of group "B".
Follow-up treatment without exacerbation can consist of physiotherapy, massage, physiotherapy exercises. With reflected pain caused by diseases of various internal organs, the cause of the disease is eliminated, along with it, soreness will disappear.
From the Greek word "pain" is translated as "punishment".Previously, it was regarded as a punishment for sins. In our time, it can rather be considered a punishment for our laziness and unwillingness to take care of our health.
- Why do
- Types of pain in women
- Diseases of internal organs
- Miscellaneous cases