Cervical myositis is a disease that everyone sooner or later faces. When you wake up in the morning, you can not tear your head off the pillow, and after that the neck still hurts all day. The pain accompanies any movement of the head, and sometimes it spreads to the upper section of the back and shoulders. All this clearly indicates the developing myositis of the neck muscles.
This disease is quite easy to treat, but it gives a lot of inconvenience. In addition, it often leads to complications in which a person is unable to perform the most usual movements and actions that he needs in his daily life.
In the complete absence of treatment of myositis of the neck muscles, the patient is unable to service himself. The late stages of the development of the disease are characterized by complete muscle atrophy, in which a person can not hold his head, so that it constantly falls on the chest.
Causes of myositis
- Cervical myositis occurs due to:
- infectious diseases( rheumatism, tonsillitis, chronic tonsillitis, influenza);
- parasitic infections( echinococcosis, trichinosis);
- toxic effects( diabetes, gout, metabolic disorders);
- occupational diseases in drivers, typists, pianists and violinists;
- prolonged body position in an uncomfortable position( usually during sleep);
- various injuries;
- excessive cooling;
- Prolonged muscle strain;
It should be noted that the most common cause of myositis development is a normal draft.
To avoid inflammation of the neck muscles, one should try to follow the posture and position of the whole body during sedentary work. Do not stay in drafts for long periods, since even a slightly open window in public transport can lead to cervical myositis.
Symptoms of cervical myositis
Symptoms of cervical myositis are most pronounced in the morning when a person tries to get up after a dream. This is because inflamed muscle fibers swell, manifested their reflex spasm, which leads to irritation of nerve endings and intolerable pain. In most cases, such pain symptoms are asymmetric, i.e.affects only one specific area of the neck. In addition, this disease is often accompanied by pain in the region of the temples, either in the frontal part, in the ears or shoulders. Pain syndrome usually occurs due to incorrect posture during sedentary work, external hypothermia, or a long stay in one pose.
In uncontrolled flow, cervical myositis represents a danger to the muscles of the larynx, esophagus and pharynx. In rare cases, it becomes the cause of violation of normal breathing( provokes shortness of breath and coughing).
The dermatological form of myositis is also distinguished. It is characterized by swelling of the eyelids and rashes of red or purple.
With adequate treatment in ¾ of all cases, a seizure of myositis disappears without a trace in 2-3 weeks. If the treatment is not available, the attack is significantly delayed. At the same time, the pain gradually ceases, but due to a spasm of inflamed muscles, the neck "warps", which provokes further damage: subluxation( displacement) of the cervical intervertebral joints and( or) the appearance of a hernia in the intervertebral disc.
Cervical myositis in children
In children, cervical muscle myositis develops for the following reasons:
- Overexertion of the neck muscles;
- Long stay in the wrong position;
- Various infectious diseases.
The peculiarities of the myositis of the neck muscles in a child include a sharp increase in temperature and frequent headaches. It should also be noted that in children this disease is much heavier, with frequent complications. In the absence of adequate treatment, it is likely that rapid progression of the disease with the transition to nearby muscles( larynx, esophagus, and respiratory muscles).
Diagnosis of cervical myositis
Diagnosis of this disease is not particularly difficult. This is due to the fact that almost always patients make quite specific complaints( muscle weakness, dull aching pain, tenderness in stretching and feeling, nodules or muscles in the muscles) and after the initial examination the doctor can confidently diagnose: myositis of the cervical spine,acute form.
There are also additional diagnostic methods, but they are rarely used. These include:
Treatment of cervical myositis
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis of 2nd degree
Treatment should always begin when the earliest signs of the disease appear. In this case, it is quite simple and does not require large financial investments:
- It is recommended to relax more often during the entire treatment or to remain at rest at all;
- An effective method of treatment is the use of warming ointments( finalgon, nicofleks, apizarthron);
- Inflammation of muscles is removed with the help of NSAIDs( ketonal, nurofen, diclofenac);
- With unbearable permanent pain, the most effective method is the Novocain blockade. In this case, the inflamed part of the muscle is chewed with novocaine with the addition of a corticosteroid hormone. Almost in 100% of cases, the pain subsides or disappears altogether. However, this method has a number of contraindications, as a result of which it can be carried out only after consulting a specialist;
- One of the new methods of treatment is post-isometric relaxation. It is carried out with close contact of the doctor and the patient. The essence of the technique is that, on the command of a doctor, the patient must alternately strain and relax the muscles. With proper administration, the pain passes in a few minutes after the procedure.
- Among the alternative methods I would like to single out the so-called "Tibetan treatment".It includes acupressure and acupuncture. The method is very effective, but requires a sufficiently high qualification of the doctor;
- In cases of myositis caused by infectious agents, antibacterial drugs are used;
- In case of severe form of cervical myositis, treatment must be carried out in a hospital, under the close supervision of medical personnel;
- During the period of all of the abovementioned methods of treatment, a certain diet must be observed and physical exercise should be performed on a daily basis.