Such a question, like "Do they join the army with osteochondrosis?", Is becoming more urgent today. The main reason is a significant increase in the incidence of this disease among young people. If twenty years ago, the osteochondrosis of the spine was the lot of the elderly, today even adolescents suffer from it. Accordingly, young people suffer constant back pain and other consequences of degenerative changes in the spinal column, which limits their physical abilities and prevents service in the army.
But, as everyone knows, only physical education is able to stop or slow the progression of the disease and, if you look from this side to the service in the army, it seems that it will only benefit. But there are strictly certain types of physical activity that can cure a person from the pathology of the spine, and all the others will only harm. Therefore, military service and osteochondrosis are, at times, incompatible things, but in some cases are allowed. In this article we will consider when to serve a person with osteochondrosis is allowed, and when not.
Severe physical exertion can damage a person with osteochondrosis
Categories of fitness for military service
In order to understand and fully comprehend whether a person with osteochondrosis can be enlisted in the army, it is necessary to familiarize himself with the categories of fitness for military service, because the army needs not only physically-developed athletes, but also other categories of the population, for example, drivers, programmers, etc., the health requirements of which are significantly different. And also takes into account the military-political situation in the country, for example, during the period of military operations, a person with a common spinal osteochondrosis may take to the service.
So, there are 5 categories, according to the legislation of the Russian Federation, which determine the suitability for military service:
- Category A .This is an absolutely healthy person who is completely fit for service and has no contraindications to any kind of stress.
- Category B .This is a person who is fit for service, but with few restrictions. During medical examination, such recruits find health problems that practically do not affect military fitness, for example, myopia.
- Category B .This is limited to the service of a person, he receives exemption from conscription in peacetime due to existing health problems and is enrolled in the reserve. But in time of war it is subject to appeal.
- Category G .This is not a man fit for military service, but on temporary ambushes. That is, during the call-up period he has such health problems that do not allow him to serve, but after a while, they completely disappear, and the person becomes fit. Such recruits are given a respite for a certain time, depending on the underlying pathology. For example, people with bone fractures can be classified in this category.
- Category D .He is a man who is not fit for military service, he is completely discharged from service both in peacetime and in time of war because of serious health problems.
Much depends on the degree of osteochondrosis
The first thing you need to know is that a medical examination for spinal diseases, including osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine or any other segment of the spine, is performed by the surgeon. It is this specialist who decides whether a person with such diseases is suitable for the service.
It should also be taken into account that osteochondrosis itself is not an indication for liberation from military duty to the motherland, but only the consequences that it causes, for example, chronic pain syndrome or deformities of the spine, or diseases that led to it, for example, flat feet, spine trauma, its congenital curvatures, etc.
The stage of osteochondrosis determines the fitness for military service
There are only 4 degrees of osteochondrosis:
- 1 degree of is characterized by pathological changes within the intervertebral disc. As a rule, there are no clinical manifestations at this stage, the patient does not even suspect about his disease. Diagnosis is possible only with the help of MRI( the height of the intervertebral disc is determined).With cervical osteochondrosis of the initial stage, pain in the neck may appear, as this is the most mobile part of the spine. All conscripts with this stage of the disease are fit for military service.
- 2 degree is characterized by aggravation of changes in the cartilaginous tissue and even greater decrease in the height of the discs, and this leads to sagging of soft tissues and development of instability of the spine. Because of such changes, the first signs of the disease appear - pain in the back and neck. But such signs are periodic and slightly expressed, as a rule, patients do not pay attention to them, taking for usual fatigue. People with osteochondrosis of the 2nd degree are fit for military service.
- The 3 degree of is characterized by the formation of intervertebral protrusions and herniated discs, which can cause permanent intense pain and various neurological complications. A person with this stage of the disease can be considered unfit for military service and is classified in category B, if there is any evidence of his morbid condition.
- The 4th degree of is terminal and characterized by the development of secondary pathological changes in the spine. On the edges of the vertebral bodies develop osteophytes, ossify the ligaments, deforming spondylosis, spondyloarthrosis, spondylolisthesis and subluxations of the vertebrae develops. All this leads to osteochondrotic deformity of the spinal column with corresponding consequences and neurological complications. A person with the 4th degree of illness is not fit for military service and gets the category D.
All conscripts are subject to a thorough medical examination, during which they determine the fitness for military service
Thus, it can be concluded that the conscript with the 1st and 2nddegree of osteochondrosis will go into the army accurately, but the patient with the 3rd and 4th may not give up his duty to the country because of health problems. Although there are exceptions, everything is decided individually.
What the law says about this
According to the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 123 of February 25, 2003 on the approval of the provisions of the military medical expertise, article 66, point "c" of the sickness schedule, such conscripts with osteochondrosis are exempted from conscription:
- in which there is osteochondritic deformation of the thoracic spine with the development of kyphosis and wedge deformation of 3 or more vertebrae, while reducing the height of the anterior part of the vertebral body is 2 or more times from the original;
- who have deforming spondylosis and intervertebral osteochondrosis of 3 or more adjacent vertebrae with severe pain syndrome with minor physical exertion or with signs of deformation of the spine;
- in whom there are neurological complications of osteochondrosis in the form of motor and sensory disorders.
In such cases, to be exempted from military service, the following documents are required:
- documents, which confirm repeated requests for medical help about the pain syndrome in the back to medical institutions;
- clinical confirmation of the limitation of the function of the spine( positive symptoms during examination, deformities of the spine, which are fixed during examination);
- radiologic confirmation of the disease( or MRI, CT).
If the draft commission considers a person unfit for military service because of osteochondrosis or its consequences, then category B or D is assigned to him. But for this, all documentary evidence that specifies the diagnosis and degree of limitations of human functions is needed.
- Categories of fitness for military service
- Much depends on the degree of osteochondrosis
- What the law says about this