Gastritis is one of the most common diseases of our time. It occurs in people of both sexes and all ages, from childhood to retirement. The reason for this prevalence of gastritis is considered a modern habit is on the move and a love for fast food. Hyperacid gastritis, when the gastric mucosa becomes inflamed due to excessive production of gastric juice, can be found more often than gastritis with zero acidity.
- 1 Causes and symptoms of hyperacid gastritis
- 2 Varieties of gastritis with high acidity
- 3 Treatment with folk remedies
- 4 Treatment with
- 5 preparations Special diet
- 6 Consequences and prevention of gastritis
Causes and symptoms of hyperacid gastritis
Among the causes of gastritis are malnutrition, smoking, alcohol, but more often a bacterium called Helikobakter Pilori. Fast food, strong coffee, fizzy drinks, undoubtedly, disrupt the work of the digestive tract and the balance of acidity in the stomach.
There is such a thing as "student gastritis" when, with long breaks between meals, the habit of eating on the go with rolls and coffee, stress and irregular rest, there is a hyperacid gastritis, accompanied by unpleasant symptoms and rapidly flowing into a chronic form.
The most common cause of hyperacid gastritis is Helikobakter Pilori, which when ingested causes inflammation of the gastric mucosa, destroys it, activates the production of gastric juice.
Despite the high acidity, the bacterium itself feels great in the gastric juice, localizing on the mucous membrane, protected from acid. It was discovered only in the late 70s of the 20th century. Before that, it was believed that only the wrong diet could cause gastritis.
If Helikobakter Pilori caused gastritis with high acidity, treatment with folk remedies will not be effective. Getting rid of this bacterium is extremely difficult and not always possible even with medical treatment. Gastritis can also be a secondary disease, developing against a background of diabetes mellitus, autoimmune inflammation. Hyperacid gastritis has a number of characteristic symptoms:
- Pain syndrome. In the acute form of the disease, pains are severe and sharp, while chronic pain is aching, often occurring with prolonged absence of food and at night. With prolonged starvation, the acid produced by the stomach begins to irritate the stomach.
- Heartburn is an invariable sign of gastritis, it can be quite painful. Acid with certain irritants is thrown into the esophagus, causing unpleasant sensations in the chest.
- Nausea and vomiting. Nausea with gastritis occurs frequently, especially on an empty stomach. Vomiting is not a typical sign of gastritis, but it can occur with overeating, an abundance of foods that dramatically increase the acidity of gastric juice.
- Swelling and flatulence. Hyperacid gastritis is often accompanied by constipation, which causes a feeling of swelling and increased release of gases.
Species of gastritis with high acidity
Hyperacid gastritis can have several varieties depending on the form of the course of the disease, its location, the characteristics of the lesion of the gastric mucosa. The most frequent classification is the division of gastritis into acute and chronic.
Acute gastritis is usually superficial, accompanied by sharp and severe pain in the abdomen. The cause may be acute meals, some drugs, poisoning and food allergies.
Acute gastritis can also be accompanied by disorders of stool, nausea, vomiting. If you start treatment immediately, the course of the disease can be stopped and prevent the transition of the disease into a chronic form.
Chronic gastritis can be a consequence of an acute form of gastritis or be an independent disease. It is characterized by mildly expressed symptoms, traumatic pains, decreased appetite, a feeling of heaviness after eating. Most often from the chronic form of gastritis young men suffer. Chronic gastritis is considered, which lasts more than three months. Depending on the localization of inflammation, three types of this disease are distinguished:
- Type A. Inflammation affects the entire mucosa completely. Such a disease is rarely caused by malnutrition, most often the cause lies in autoimmune diseases, the consequence of which is gastritis.
- Type B. The lower part of the stomach is inflamed, where it passes into the duodenum. When examined, this type of gastritis indicates the presence of Helikobakter Pilori, which is located in this part of the stomach. Treatment of such gastritis is directed first of all on the destruction of the bacterium and blocking its reproduction.
- Type C. Inflammation extends throughout the envelope. The reason - poisoning, getting into the stomach of chemicals.
Depending on the course of the disease, catarrhal gastritis is given( usual, typical, accompanied by thickening and inflammation of the gastric mucosa), fibrinous( fibrin penetrates the mucosa, causing necrosis processes), non-toxic( often occurs in chemical poisoning, when substances cause cell deathmucous), purulent( a serious disease that occurs simultaneously with ulcers, swelling, or trauma to the stomach followed by infection).
Treatment with folk remedies
Traditional medicine can be useful in gastritis, if applied correctly, in a timely manner, to consult a doctor and not to refuse prescribed medication. When selecting folk remedies, you should consider the risk of an allergic reaction and the type of gastritis.
It is always necessary to start such treatment with small doses. If you develop allergies, you must discontinue treatment and consult a doctor. Common folk remedies:
- Gastritis is often treated with natural propolis( not tincture), which must be chewed daily. Propolis can cause an allergic reaction.
- Gastritis with high acidity is treated with fresh potato juice. Half an hour before meals in the morning you need to drink a little more than half a glass of juice, and then give the body a rest. The course lasts up to 10 days.
- For the treatment of gastritis and constipation, natural unrefined olive oil is used. He is drunk on an empty stomach on a spoon. This drug is undesirable to abuse, as it can cause nausea and has a laxative effect.
- In the morning you can drink a glass of warm water with honey. Honey acts favorably on the stomach, lowers acidity, increases immunity and promotes natural cleansing of the intestines.
- The regulation of the functioning of the digestive system is well influenced by St. John's wort. Grinded grass should be poured with boiling water and left for a couple of hours. Take a third cup 3 times a day.
- Peppermint is also useful for hyper gastric gastritis. Decoction of herbs should be taken on a tablespoon several times a day.
- To reduce the acidity of gastric juice fresh squeezed carrot juice will help. It is desirable that the carrot is environmentally friendly, grown on its own plot, sufficiently ripe and fresh. Drink juice by half a glass for an hour and a half before meals in the morning. After 10 days of such treatment, you need to take a break and, if necessary, repeat the course.
- The state of the stomach is beneficially affected by the decoction of burdock roots. Burdock root is very hard and dense. It must be insisted for at least 12 hours. Take half a glass at least 4 times a day.
- Traditional medicine also recommends a light self-massage of the abdomen. At exacerbations this procedure can be painful and dangerous, it is not necessary to take a great interest in it.
The gastroenterologist should be engaged in treatment of a gastritis. He prescribes drugs only after a thorough examination and refinement of the type of gastritis. The effectiveness of treatment will depend not only on the drugs, but also the stage of the disease, the extent of its incidence, the causes and compliance with all prescriptions of the doctor.
Treatment of gastritis is always complex. It includes taking medications, a special diet and folk remedies. With severe pain, the doctor will prescribe painkillers like No-shpy. It is not recommended to get involved with them. These drugs do not treat the disease, but only relieve the symptoms and, with constant use, can adversely affect the condition of the stomach.
Antacids are prescribed for gastritis. These are drugs that neutralize the effect of gastric juice. They envelop the walls of the stomach, protecting them from damage and allowing them to recover. These drugs include Almagel, Gastal, Gaviscon, Maalox.
Most antacids are available in the form of a powder or gel. Getting into the stomach, they not only form a protective film, but also contribute to the removal of inflammation, the removal of gases and the prevention of heartburn. Some of these drugs can provoke constipation. Caution is advised when taking antacids during pregnancy.
Some treatment is considered obsolete with the help of proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole. These drugs act on the stomach in such a way that the production of hydrochloric acid is significantly reduced. However, with a severe gastritis, these drugs can be irreplaceable. They quickly and for a long time reduce the level of acid in the gastric juice.
It is worth remembering that all the cures for gastritis are taken by courses. If contrary to the doctor's recommendations to take drugs that reduce acidity, constantly, the hyperacid gastritis will gradually become atrophic.
Proton pump blockers are mandatory when detecting Helikobakter Pilori.
In addition, antibiotic treatment is added, which significantly reduces the number of bacteria in the stomach. The bacterium can remain in the human stomach for a long time without causing inflammation. Treatment is required with a significant increase in the number of bacteria in the gastric juice.
Some antibiotics can lead to dysbiosis, which will require further treatment.
When treating gastritis it is very important to follow a diet. People with chronic hyperacid gastritis should adhere to proper nutrition all their life. A strict diet should be in the period of exacerbation. With remissions, diet supplementation is allowed.
The diet for gastritis is not as complex and strict as it may seem. It is easy to get used to it if you replace some products with others. To fast is not required, it is enough to follow the basic rules of dietary nutrition:
- With hyperacid gastritis, you need to eat often and in small portions. Eat every 3-4 hours, avoiding hunger and increasing the level of acid in the stomach.
- Food should be non-hot and not cold, but comfortable warm temperature.
- It is necessary to completely eliminate( at least for the time of exacerbation, and then simply cut) the use of spicy foods, fatty meat, alcohol, strong coffee, fried and strongly salty.
- During the exacerbation the diet should be strict. There is only porridge, preferably on water, boiled cereals, vegetables, lean boiled meat.
- It is desirable that the products are homogeneous and ground, for example, mashed potatoes, cream soups, soft steamed meatballs, porridges.
- You can eat rice, buckwheat, oatmeal, but you need to give up corn porridge, millet, and pearl barley.
- Do not use irritating gastric mucous products, such as ketchup, mayonnaise, chips, soda, etc.
- Meat and bone broths should be excluded. You can eat vegetable soups, and then add to the soup separately boiled meat.
- You can eat lean fish in boiled or baked form, but you can not eat salted, smoked fish, canned fish.
- Bread should be yesterday or dried. From fresh baked pastry will have to be abandoned. Rye bread also irritates the digestive system. It is better to give preference to wheat bread. It is not forbidden to eat biscuit dry biscuits, rarely - baked patties.
- Fruits can only be sweet. Acidic fruits and citrus fruits adversely affect the gastric mucosa, increasing acidity. It is better to choose compotes and kissels or mashed potatoes from sweet berries.
- Eggs can be eaten, but in limited quantities. It is advisable to eat no more than 1-2 eggs per day only in the form of omelettes or boiled soft-boiled. From fried eggs for breakfast will have to be abandoned.
Consequences and prevention of gastritis
In the absence of treatment, hyperacid gastritis can lead to unpleasant consequences. One of such consequences is peptic ulcer. Gastric juice, damaging the walls of the mucosa, leads to the formation of ulcers.
An ulcer is a chronic disease accompanied by point defects of the gastric mucosa. The peptic ulcer is characterized by constant relapses and remissions. Provoke an aggravation of stress, malnutrition, smoking, alcohol.
More often to gastric ulcer leads gastritis caused by Helicobacter pylori. This disease is more common in men than in women.
The risk of an ulcer is the possibility of its perforation, when the wall of the stomach at the site of ulceration completely breaks out, and the contents of the stomach enters the abdominal cavity, causing peritonitis. In the absence of emergency treatment, breakthrough ulcers can lead to death. Dangerous for life and ulcer bleeding, in which the patient is vomiting like a coffee grounds.
In some cases, hyperacid gastritis can cause a malignant tumor. It is found already at a late stage because of the long absence of symptoms that are easily confused with the same gastritis.
The best prevention of gastritis is proper and fractional nutrition, compliance with the drinking regime.
The diet should be rich in protein and fiber, preferably eat fresh vegetables and fruits, greens. It should reduce the amount of spices used, fried foods, canned food, soda, alcohol. You can not drink alcohol fatty dishes such as shish kebab, meat, fat, smoked sausage. Failure or significant reduction in alcohol and nicotine will serve as an excellent prophylaxis for gastritis. Cigarette smoke negatively affects the gastric mucosa, it is especially harmful to smoke on an empty stomach and immediately after a hearty meal.
Since many gastric diseases initially occur asymptomatically, it will not be superfluous to periodically visit a gastroenterologist for prevention. If a chronic form of gastritis is already found, the doctor should be visited at least 2 times a year.
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