To date, one of the most common diseases that are sexually transmitted is chlamydia. Every second man who leads an active sex life according to the World Health Organization, faces the problem of chlamydia. The main cause of the appearance of the disease in men is the lack of a constant sexual partner, as well as the presence of random connections, in which contraception is a secondary issue.
Chlamydia disease occurs exclusively in intimate proximity, directly during sexual contact in the rectum and vagina. Sometimes infection can occur as a result of oral sex, but these cases are single. The causative agent of the disease is Chlamydia, or the scientific term Chlamydia trachomatis. When the pathogen appears, the urethra is destroyed, as well as the urethra, the rectum, and vision deterioration occurs.
If you become infected with chlamydia and your partner is pregnant and did not receive proper treatment in time, after the birth of the baby, there is a high probability of infection of the baby, which is subsequently dangerous for the development of pneumonia and conjunctivitis in the baby.
Infected by airborne droplets or by household contact with the carrier of the disease is almost impossible. This is due to the large mortality of pathogens chlamydia outside the human body, as well as their weakness to the human immune system. With small amounts and single hits in the body, they simply die, suppressed by human immunity. With household contact, such an amount simply can not penetrate the body, since most chlamydia die in the initial stages. It is this fact that completely excludes the possibility of contamination in swimming pools, bathhouses, and when using public toilets, communal utensils and towels. However, this does not mean that it is possible to ignore sanitary and hygienic norms, in connection with the fact that in addition to chlamydia, many more diseases can be obtained, which also bring a lot of unpleasant sensations, and at the same time, problems.
With a single sexual contact with an infected person, one in two becomes a carrier of the virus, as a consequence of illness.
The period at which the disease develops lasts from one to three weeks, during the same period and the first signs of the disease appear. The first thing that should cause suspicion in a man, transparent discharge, rather meager, from the urethra. As a rule, with micturition there is a slight pain.
In most cases, chlamydia has a peculiarity of asymptomatic development, which leads to late diagnosis of the disease, as well as to the development of more significant complications.
Currently, the number of men and women of non-traditional orientation, the so-called "sexual minorities", has significantly increased. In their cases, with the development of the disease, rectal infection occurs, if one speaks scientific gonococcal proctitis. The development of the disease occurs without any symptoms, only in some cases it is accompanied by pain, secretions and itching in the rectum. In this case, the eyes are affected, and chlamydial conjunctivitis develops.
The most common male complication is inflammation of the epididymis epididymitis. That in the absence of timely treatment can lead to chronic inflammation, an abscess, a fistula, the necrosis of the testicles, as a result of male sexual infertility.
The second complication may be the development of Reiter's syndrome, which is accompanied by inflammation in the urethra, damage to the eyes and joints.
With repeated or repeated infection with Chlamydia, the risk of complications increases in direct proportion.
Chlamydia is diagnosed by PCR studies, where the accuracy of the results is 90-95%.At the general or common smear it is possible to assume only about presence of chlamydias if leucocytes in a smear are a little raised or increased. Still apply IFA and UIF, however, the accuracy of these studies does not exceed seventy percent, in some sources indicate the accuracy of the data is not more than fifty percent. The diagnosis of detection of antibodies to chlamydia is considered inappropriate, due to the fact that it can not determine how long the disease has been taking place, and whether it was earlier.
Chlamydia without complications is treated with antibiotics, such as azithromycin and doxycycline. These drugs are possible and should be taken solely for the doctor's prescription, with an individually selected dosage.
Additionally, immunotherapy, prostate massage, physiotherapy, urethral installation and many other procedures can be prescribed.
In the event that chlamydia has passed into a chronic form, and even more so in the presence of complications, antibiotic therapy lasts longer, with the use of combination preparations, besides, additional procedures are necessarily prescribed.
In the treatment of chlamydia, it is not recommended to have intimacy, to exclude the possibility of infection of the partner, as well as re-infection. If you have found the disease, you need to tell the partner about its possible infection, as a result of your proximity. Naturally, it's difficult to talk about such a thing, and the partner will probably be shocked, but you should always remember that timely diagnosis of the disease, several times reduces the likelihood of complications. If the partners simultaneously undergo treatment, then with negative tests, they can resume intimate communication again, without the risk of re-infection directly with each other, but this does not exclude the possibility of infection with other, unprotected contacts.
In conclusion, it can be easily understood that sometimes one unprotected contact is sufficient for chlamydia infection, and in order to identify the disease, and even more so to cure it, it is necessary to exert a lot of effort. Therefore, the best prevention of chlamydia is the presence of a constant partner and the absence of other sexual contacts, it is important to remember that in your hands the responsibility is not only for your health, but also for the health of someone with whom you are very close.