Treatment of ingrown toenail
At first glance, it seems that an ingrown toenail is a perfect trifle. But still this is a very serious problem, and those who have met with it already know about all the inconveniences and pain symptoms that it brings.
Causes of ingrown nail into the skin
The growth of the nail into the skin has a medical rationale and is called onychrictosis. The process looks like this, the edge of the nail grows into the skin in the region of the nail bed.
The most common causes:
- genetic inheritance;
- infection in a fungal disease;
- circulatory disorders;
- swelling of the extremities;
- consequence of injuries sustained;
- non-observance of rules for cutting nails;Uncomfortable shoes;
- non-observance of the rules of personal hygiene.
And so, now in order. Genetic heredity is a predisposition that was inherent in a person at the genetic level. It controls the direction of growth of the nail plate, its thickness and shape. Congenital also is flatfoot and curvature of the thumb, which in the future can affect the healthy condition of the nail plate.
In the presence of fungus or some other infection, the nail plate deforms, it becomes coarser and thicker, and the surface becomes dull. The healthy shine disappears. Occurs infection of the cuticle, which can lead to decay of the nail bed.
After getting this or that injury( bruise, fracture, cooling) there is an involuntary deformation of the nail, which can dramatically change the direction of nail growth on the toes.
The most common cause of ingrown nail on the leg is non-compliance with the rules for cutting nails. Cut the nails is not very deep, so that the edge of the nail was not too short. It is strictly forbidden to cut the nail corner of the legs very deeply, it must be carefully rounded.
Uncomfortable shoes are any shoes that hamper the movement of the foot. The leg should feel free. Shoes should not interfere with walking. Be sure not to be clenched fingers, since this is the first step to deformation of the foot, which leads to the ingrowth of the nail into the toe. Often this happens to people who wear shoes because of the requirements for work.
Clinical picture of the disease
Symptoms of ingrown nail include:
- lack of shine of the nail plate;
- nail fusing at the tips.
Since at the ends of the fingers a person has a lot of nerve endings, therefore, they have an increased sensitivity. If a person suddenly has a finger in his finger, he will feel a sharp pain when walking, especially in uncomfortable shoes.
It is often found when a person begins to limp, this too can be a signal that the ingrown nail. If the situation has worsened completely, the nail begins to bother not only when walking, but also at night. Sharp, acute pain will constantly persecute the patient. Constant aching pain reports that there is a soft tissue injury and the formation of granulation tissue.
In neglected inflammation situations, the nail plate becomes dull, begins to fade, and the edge thickens.
Treatment of ingrown nail at home
Along with medical treatment, there is also treatment with folk remedies. If a problem was found, it is necessary to start treatment immediately, so as not to bring to surgery.
The easiest way to treat is to follow elementary rules. The first rule, which is most important and most important, is the implementation of personal hygiene rules. Namely, wash your feet twice a day, make sure your feet are dry. If necessary, wear replacement shoes and change into dry clothes.
Next, it's shoes. Shoes should be practical and comfortable. Heels at the time of treatment is better to exclude.
How to treat an ingrown toenail?
In order to get rid of the growing nail, you need to do water procedures every night( baths).After this, it is necessary to raise the edge of the nail, which has grown into the skin of the finger, and insert a mini swab.
You can make it out of gauze or cotton wool. Change the swab every day. With each time to promote it deeper. Doing this simple procedure can quickly and qualitatively get rid of ingrown nails. Since the tampon does not allow the nail to touch the skin, because the edge of the nail is very hard and it is desirable to soften it. To do this, you need to make oil masks after each bath.
Raising regularly the nail, the person disappears constant aching pain. When the nail is properly long, it should be cut off neatly only in the middle, not cutting the corners and in the future the way it should be done with each nail cutting.
If already there are corns, then the baths are strictly contraindicated. They only aggravate the situation. If the pain becomes unbearable, it is recommended to take painkillers with an anti-inflammatory effect, for example, solpadine. If the condition does not improve for two days, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
How to treat an ingrown toenail?
In such situations, you can wash your finger with decoction of chamomile or chlorophyllite solution. After washing, for the night, it is necessary to apply a tampon with the pulp of aloe or ointment. In the morning remove the swab and rinse the wound, apply a swab again.
Continue to do the procedures until the inflammation and inflammation disappear. Then put a mini tampon under the nail, and gradually cut it, aligning the shape of the growth of the nail plate.
Medical treatment of ingrown nail on the toe
In the first stages, before it is launched before the infection is caused or caused, specialists will offer standard treatment. In the form of a bath, tampons, practical shoes.
In more aggravated situations, doctors offer or conduct mini-operations, cutting the nail plate in the middle. This changes the shape of the nail on the finger. A plastic plate is put under the corner of the nail so that it does not press on the flesh. Accordingly, he helped the nail grow evenly.
If already the situation requires surgical intervention, that is already infectious and progresses the process of carnage, then in such situations, doctors resort to removing part of the nail plate or the whole nail.
There are a couple of methods of surgery. The first method is under anesthesia( local, or under general anesthesia), physicians remove the nail plate completely or partially, and clean the corneal.
In another case, the ingrown part of the nail is removed by laser therapy. Parallel processing the nail plate, disinfecting everything and not injuring neighboring tissue sites of the skin, the ingrown edge of the nail is removed.
If a person has already decided to fix the problem with an ingrown nail, then one should remember about future precautions.
Preventative measures for ingrown toenails
To prevent the ingrown toenail on the toe, certain prevention rules must be followed.
The first rule and the most basic is the observance of the rules of personal hygiene. Then you must completely abandon the narrow uncomfortable shoes.
During the pedicure, cutting the nails is not short, and it is strictly forbidden to cut off the corners of the nail plate. To learn how to properly do a pedicure, you need to seek help from a specialist.
An excellent method of prevention is walking barefoot, on the grass or on the shore of the reservoir.
It's also very useful to do foot massage. This increases the blood circulation and improves the process of exfoliating the coarse skin.
It is not necessary to aggravate the situation, it is especially better to adhere to some who have ruled to remain a healthy person. After all, leg health is a guarantee of the health of the whole body and a full-fledged work of all body systems. Health is the most precious and hard-to-reach treasure of mankind on the planet Earth!