Increased blood pressure after alcohol - why and how serious it is

Alcohol and pressure Among other things, alcohol has a negative effect on the cardiovascular system. Those who drink a lot for a long time, can even observe changes in the heart. Based on these changes, doctors can estimate the amounts of alcohol consumption and duration. Usually, these pathologies manifest themselves in the form of excessive expansion of the heart muscle and its fouling with fat. This phenomenon is known as the "beer" or "bull" heart - when its dimensions become more normal. But usually, before the occurrence of such problems as a result of drinking alcohol, a person begins to suffer from high blood pressure. At the initial stage, this can occur only during the hangover syndrome, and eventually on an ongoing basis.

Contents of

  • 1 Why does blood pressure increase after drinking alcohol? A hangover or high blood pressure?
    • 2.1 Similar symptoms with high blood pressure and hangover
    • 2.2 Differences in symptoms with high blood pressure and hangover

Why does blood pressure increase after drinking alcohol?

Although insignificant consumption of alcohol has a beneficial effect on blood vessels and lowers blood pressure, but slightly exceeding this minimum, we immediately get the opposite effect. It is possible to list a number of different reasons for this:

  1. As a result of toxic effects of ethanol on various parts of the nervous system that regulate vascular tone.
  2. Alcohol, which was delayed in the body and got into the blood, leads to the destruction of red blood cells and knocking them into lumps, which thickens the blood. As a result, the body has to increase blood pressure.
  3. Drinking alcohol reduces the amount of water in the body( dehydration).This reduces the amount of water in the blood, which also makes it more dense and provokes an increase in blood pressure.
  4. Alcohol leads to disruption of the adrenal gland and an increase in the level of adrenaline, for the development of which they respond. This is especially evident in the first days after intensive use of alcohol. Adrenaline leads to an increase in blood pressure.
  5. Those who have been drinking for a long time, often suffer from kidney health problems. And this paired organ, as is known, takes a very active part in regulating arterial blood pressure.

Some of these factors can cause an increase in blood pressure in the short term, which manifests itself more during a hangover. And others lead to the development of hypertension, as a permanent disease.

Among people drinking hypertension is quite common. According to scientists, more than 40% of people who regularly drink alcohol suffer from it. A hangover or high blood pressure?

Not always after drinking alcohol, there is increased blood pressure, especially in a healthy person. It is often possible to confuse the symptoms of high blood pressure with symptoms of an ordinary hangover. For this, a table with a list of the main common symptoms of both phenomena is given below.

Similar symptoms with high blood pressure and hangover

Symptoms Hangover syndrome Elevated blood pressure
Headaches May appear in any part of the head. Feels more in the back of the head.
Dry mouth It is observed almost always, as a result of dehydration. May occur during hypertensive crisis( severe BP elevation).
Fatigue, loss of operability Observed in most cases. It is observed almost always.
Neurological disorders, dizziness, confusion May occur with severe alcohol intoxication. observed with a strong increase in blood pressure.

But there are a number of symptoms, which are usually inherent only to one thing - either increased blood pressure or a hangover.

Differences in symptoms with high blood pressure and hangover

Symptoms Hangover syndrome Elevated blood pressure
Skin color The face is usually pale. The presence of redness can be a sign of serious consequences of drinking alcohol. Redness of the skin of the face and chest is observed.
Shortness of breath In the absence of problems with health, there should not be severe dyspnea. Present in most cases.
Noise in the ears( ringing, squeak) None. Shown frequently.
Chest pain May be observed in rare cases, due to increased stress on the heart. Shown frequently.
Blinking in front of the eyes( "midges") None. Shown frequently.
Increased urination It appears almost always, due to the effects of ethanol and increased fluid intake. Not accompanied.
Dehydration It is observed almost always. Missing.

Still, the best way to find out if the pressure is high will be to measure it with a tonometer. This will help to know for sure if there are problems with this very important health indicator. And as mentioned above, the first "bell" can come during a hangover and do not allow this to develop into a permanent hypertension. It is better to completely abandon alcohol, because it is not worth it.

Learn how you can overcome a hangover to quickly get rid of all its unpleasant symptoms.