Bloating is caused by the accumulation of gases in the intestines, accompanied by severity, in some cases, pain. In order to get rid of this condition, many medications have been developed, both pharmacological and natural. Traditional medicine is also not left out of this problem and offers many recipes.
- 1 From what occurs
- 2 swelling Why are wind in healthy people
- 3 Treatment
- 3.1 Laktofiltrum
- 3.2 Litovit
- 3.3 Espumizan
- 4 Enzyme preparations
- 4.2 Mezim
- 4.3 Creon
- 4.4 Mikrazim
- 5 Probiotics
- 5.1 Bifidumbacterin
- 5.2 Hilak-forte
- 6 Herbal remedies
- 6.1 Fruits of dill
- 6.2 Chamomile
- 6.3 Lemon
- 6.4 Rhubarb
- 6.5 Fennel
- 7 CoEty how to avoid stomach bloating
From what occurs
Bloating may be bothering completely healthy people. Also this condition is a symptom of diseases:
- Intestinal obstruction
- Intolerance of some products
- Celiac disease
With these diseases, the passage of gases from the intestine is hampered for various reasons. When pancreatitis is not enough digestive enzymes, resulting in food remains in the intestines and begins the process of decay, as a result of the intensified release of gas, with the withdrawal of which the intestine does not have time to cope.
With irritation of the intestine, its muscular activity is impaired. As a result, food passes badly through the intestines, stagnates and releases gas. At a dysbacteriosis the microflora of an intestine suffers, harmful microorganisms which as a result of the ability to live produce harmful gases prevail.
Celiac disease is a very rare disease in which the body breaks down chemical processes during digestion. In some cereals, gluten is found, in the splitting of which the celiac patient develops harmful substances that act on the intestinal wall irritatingly.
In the treatment of bloating in a patient with this disease, it will not be sufficient simply to take funds that reduce gas production, it is first necessary to cure the disease itself. To do this, take enzymatic drugs that contribute to the breakdown of gluten.
Because there are plenty of reasons for this unpleasant symptom, only a gastroenterologist can prescribe the necessary funds for bloating in adults.
What causes bloating in healthy people
The main causes of bloating in healthy people is improper nutrition and taking antibiotics. It is not recommended to drink carbonated drinks. When they are used, there is a short swelling even in healthy people.
The use of certain foods that contain high amounts of fiber causes fermentation processes, for example:
- Black bread
The main principles for the treatment of bloating are:
- Elimination of the cause of this symptom - treatment of infectious bowel diseases, regulation of microflora, food revision
- Gas emission
All drugs treating bloating are divided into:
Enterosorbents include drugs that are capable of absorbing gases and are rapidly eliminated from the bodyism. These funds are the most popular, as the patient's relief comes quickly. As part of the funds - an organic matter, which is an adsorbent( gas absorber).
Details of bloating and its treatment, will tell the video:
However, these drugs are not recommended for a long time, because along with harmful substances and gases from the body are derived and useful microorganisms that fight with harmful bacteria. For this reason, immunity may decrease. Enterosorbents:
- Activated carbon
The product is available in paste form in tubes. In its composition, a siliceous substance resembling a sponge capable of quickly adsorbing harmful substances from the stomach and intestines, including toxins, bacteria, poisons. The drug absorbs excess metabolic products.
In addition, the product protects the mucous membranes, forming a protective layer on them. The active substance - polygitrate polymethylsiloxane does not affect the digestibility of vitamins. Enterosgel is approved for use by pregnant women. Side effects: nausea, constipation.
Enerosorbent of plant origin. Normalizes the microflora and stimulates the immune system. The active component of the agent is lignin, capable of binding and neutralizing pathogenic microorganisms and toxins.
Lactulose, which is part of the drug, serves as a breeding ground for beneficial bacteria, promotes absorption of vitamins and microelements by the intestine. The drug forms a strong protective factor and eliminates pain and flatulence. Contraindications:
- Intestinal bleeding
Powder in bags or cans. It stimulates the peristalsis of the intestine, adsorbs harmful substances, bacteria, microorganisms, products of their vital functions, increases the number of leukocytes, accelerates the healing of ulcers.
The drug is indicated for use in diarrhea, toxicoinfection, colitis, dysentery, allergies. It is capable of removing radionuclides and xenobiotics from the body. The drug is contraindicated:
- With antacid gastritis
With prolonged use, it is recommended to simultaneously perform vitamin therapy.
Natural adsorbent based on wheat and rye bran, lactobacillus, bifidobacteria. Litovite is intended for the removal of stagnant substances from the intestine and stimulation of immunity. The drug helps to reduce gas generation and stimulates the immune system.
Preparations defoamers precipitate mucous foam, which contains gas, accumulated in its vesicles. Thus, the drug facilitates the easy removal of gas outward from the intestine or absorption into the mucosa.
Espumizan is rapidly absorbed, enters the bloodstream and is eliminated from the body completely. The drugs are suitable not only for adults, but even for babies. Antifoams:
Available in capsule and suspension form in a glass bottle. After entering the body, it is absolutely not absorbed by the walls of the stomach and intestines and is excreted in the form in which it was administered. The drug is indicated for use:
- When the abdomen is swollen due to enhanced gas generation
- In case of metiosis caused by functional dyspepsia
- When poisoning with toxins
- When ingested, the agent destroys the gases and facilitates their withdrawal from the intestine.
Preparations containing enzymes are intended for the treatment of metiorism caused by digestive disorders. Enzymes are designed to support the interaction of substances, the quality of digestibility of food, the complete release of nutrients and vitamins. These drugs include:
The drug consists of a substance produced from the pancreas of a pig. The active substance - pancreatin, which contains digestive enzymes, promotes the breakdown of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, stimulates the digestive process. The drug is indicated for use:
- With insufficient secretory function of the pancreas
- For the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases
- With swelling, flatulence, digestion disorders
Enzyme preparation reassigned for improvementprocesses of digestion. In its composition, porcine pancreatin, ground to the state of microspheres. This enzyme facilitates the breakdown of protein, fats and carbohydrates and helps them to be completely adsorbed in the intestine. The active substance is encapsulated. It dissolves in the intestines, gradually releasing enzymes.
The preparation contains enzymes of animal origin, encapsulated in natural gelatin capsules. The capsule does not dissolve in the stomach, getting into the intestine, gradually melting, releasing enzyme substances. Mikrazim is intended for the treatment of diseases associated with the problem digestive process.
These preparations contain microorganisms useful for microflora, which protect the digestive tract from gas-forming and putrefactive bacteria. Such drugs, getting into the body, simulate the work of the immune system and establish a balance where useful microorganisms predominate.
Thus, the preparations improve the work of the intestines and stomach, reduce gas formation and discomfort sensations. Probiotics:
- Hilak forte
It is available as a dry substance in pouches and in ampoules as a lyophilizate for the preparation of suspension, capsules and candles. Bifidumbacterin is intended to improve microflora and stimulate immunity. Bifidobacteria contained in the preparation, antagonists of pathogenic microorganisms. The drug improves digestion, bowel work.
As a result of exposure to the microflora of the preparation, which is a biosorbent, toxic substances are separated into components that are non-toxic. Useful bacteria form colonies in the body and activate metabolic processes and the synthesis of vitamins.
The drug is a drop of an aqueous substrate of metabolic products. It is designed to regulate the balance of the intestinal microflora. The composition of the drug includes synthetic lactic acid and its salts, which normalizes the acidic environment of the stomach. Hilak forte removes spasms and reduces gas formation. Indications:
- Diseases of the stomach and liver
This composition contains lyophilized and yoghurt live cultures, ascorbic acid and magnesium stearate. It is used for symptoms of poisoning: diarrhea, swelling, nausea and vomiting. Bacteria contained in the capsule, resistant to antibiotics, stop pain and relieve allergy symptoms, have an antiviral effect, active against pathogenic microorganisms.
The drug helps the body synthesize vitamins B, K and C, helping to create resistance of microflora to adverse effects.
Veterinary herbs and other folk remedies can reduce the amount of gases in the intestines and relieve the unpleasant sensations associated with their excessive formation.
Fruits of dill
Dill is the most popular remedy for bloating, which is applicable even for infants. In addition to reducing gassing, this plant has anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic effects, improves digestion and reduces the processes of fermentation, as a result of which gas is released.
Recipe: Fruits of dill in an amount of 30 g brew half a liter of boiling water and put in a thermos. You can drink after half an hour after insisting, in a warm form.Read: Grandaxin. Features of the drug
Chamomile can reduce pain, it is a good anti-inflammatory agent and reduces the amount of gases. Sold in loose form and in sachets. To make a drink, pour the flowers with boiling water. You should drink this tea before eating.
Herbal Remedy 1. You need to take a bag of green tea, chamomile flowers and thyme herbs. Blend the mixture with boiling water and insist. Drink recommended in a warm form and in no case not hot.
Herbal collection 2. Leaves peppermint, chamomile flowers and bay leaves in the same quantity and pour boiled water, put on fire and bring to a boil. Insist a few hours. It is recommended to drink from bloating half a cup.
For the removal of spasms in the intestine it is recommended to use lemon peel. One effective remedy for bloating is lemon juice with ginger. The root of ginger is grinded to a powdery state, add to it a spoonful of lemon juice, salt. It is recommended to take before meals. The product is designed to relieve pain, improve the performance of the stomach, increase appetite and reduce gases.
To fight with enhanced gassing, you need to prepare a decoction of rhubarb root, grass, gentian, diagel, St. John's wort. Plants pour boiling water and stand on a water bath for 20 minutes. Then insist, strain and drink half the glass.
To prepare the drink you need to take the fruits of fennel, valerian root, mint leaves. All these plants are placed in a pot of water and brought to a boil. Insist 15 minutes, filter. It removes bloating and painful spasms.
Advice on how to avoid abdominal distention
If bloating is a symptom of any disease, this condition can be cured only after treatment of the underlying disease. If enhanced gas formation occurs for other reasons, some tips will help to cope with it.
It is worthwhile to revise your diet, when you eat meat products the intestine works longer and does not always cope with its main task quickly, as a result, the food there accumulates and the decay process begins. Together with meat products you need to include in the menu the food containing vegetable fibers: vegetables greens.
These products will help the intestines cope with this problem. Periodically, you need to take activated charcoal or other sorbents, so the intestines will be cleansed of harmful and stagnant substances. It is necessary to observe the correct drinking regime for the prevention of increased gas production.
After drinking a glass of water before a meal, you will not have much desire to eat food, as most of the stomach will take up liquid. In addition, water contributes to timely and regular voluntary cleaning of the intestine. Do not neglect sports, motor activity reduces gas formation.
There are a number of exercises designed to relieve intestinal spasms and promote the release of gases. One of them: lie on your stomach and sharply pull up his legs, bent at the knees. You need to do it several times. You must adhere to a certain diet. This not only promotes proper digestion, but is even recommended by many doctors for the treatment of stomach problems.
Tell a friend! Tell about this article to your friends in your favorite social network using social buttons. Thank you!