Pancreas pancreatitis diet
Pancreatitis is a serious pancreatic disease characterized by impaired digestive enzyme production. The main symptoms of the disease are pain after eating in the left or right hypochondrium, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, discomfort in the stomach.
The key to the treatment of pancreatitis is strict adherence to dietary rules. After all, the development of the disease is often due to the wrong way of life, drinking alcohol and "harmful" food in large quantities.
Diet in pancreatitis helps patients to reduce pain during the exacerbation of the disease and pour the stage of remission. With acute and chronic pancreatitis, the diet is different, but still has some similarities. Let's talk about them.
General rules of nutrition for pancreatitis
The main requirement of the diet is to increase the amount of protein consumed and reduce fat and carbohydrates in the diet( if possible, they should be excluded altogether).Especially it is necessary to refuse from consumption of granulated sugar, after all it on 99% consists of carbohydrates.
Fatty foods with a high content of coarse fiber should completely disappear from the life of patients with pancreatitis. After all, they exert a strong load on the pancreas, as a result of which the body begins to produce a very large amount of digestive enzymes, which in this disease is dangerous and can lead to serious complications.
Doctors recommend that all patients with pancreatitis take vitamin complexes, which will help to fill the deficiency of vitamins and minerals in the body, often resulting from limited nutrition.
Meals should be on schedule at the same time. In the day you need to eat 5-6 times in small portions to avoid unnecessary strain on the pancreas and overeating.
Diet for acute pancreatitis
As a rule, acute pancreatitis manifests itself with sudden sharp pains in the pit of the stomach. Pain unbearable, and therefore force a person to call emergency ambulance. Diet in acute pancreatitis before the arrival of a doctor "zero".Do not use food in any way. Neither "easy", nor "heavy".
Before taking a doctor, it is allowed to take mineral still water, but not more than 3 glasses. And they are allowed to drink only if the process of urination occurs normally.
Treatment of acute pancreatitis occurs only in a hospital setting. The first two days the patient is prescribed fasting. Only now, together with mineral water, it is allowed to drink a broth of wild rose. The total amount of liquid used should not exceed 5 glasses per day.
On the third day of treatment, the patient is allowed to eat fresh, low-calorie food, which does not contain substances that irritate the pancreas and promote the secretion of secretion.
After the main symptoms have subsided, the diet for pancreatic pancreatitis continues for one to two months. In this period it is worth completely giving up:
- fried and fatty foods;
- baking and baking;
- pickles and smoking;
- marinades and canned food;
- acute and sweet;
- onion and garlic;
- alcoholic beverages;
- fatty meat and fish;
All food must be heat treated. They should be boiled in water or steamed. Do not use during cooking oil, a lot of salt and spices. The patient is allowed to eat food only in a warm and frayed form. Before going to bed it is recommended to use laxative fermented milk products - kefir, ryazhenka, etc.
Duration of the diet from 6 to 12 months. And it is on how a person will stick to it, and it depends on his health in the future. In the case of neglect of all nutrition recommendations, the disease can take a chronic form and then the patient will have to be treated throughout his life.
Diet for chronic pancreatitis in the remission phase of
The diet for chronic pancreatitis differs slightly from the diet described above. In this case, the patient's diet significantly expands, but only in the phase of remission. During the period of exacerbation, the diet has a completely different character, but about it a little later.
In chronic pancreatitis, the intake of proteins is allowed, which should almost be several times higher than the daily norm of a person, and the use of carbohydrates( sugar, honey, baking, baking, etc.) is allowed.
Limitations are products that irritate the pancreas( acute seasonings, salt in large quantities, alcohol, etc.).
Eating a patient should also be a fraction. Number of meals from 4 to 6 times. Served dishes should be warm. To grind food before taking is not required.
Meat and fish products should not contain a lot of fat, otherwise it can cause liver degeneration, which in chronic pancreatitis happens quite often. Cottage cheese contains many useful substances, and therefore simply must be present in the diet of the patient. However, you can use only your home cottage cheese, but not very fatty. Store cottage cheese is forbidden to eat.
If a person can not refuse bread, then he is recommended to eat during meals or yesterday's pastries, or biscuits( only from gray or black bread).Baking and baking can also be eaten, but in limited quantities( no more than one serving per day).
With pancreatic milk, it is not desirable to drink milk in its pure form, as it is poorly digested. It can be added to tea or cooked from it porridge and soup. Even if the patient tolerates milk well, it should not be drunk in large quantities. The maximum dose is 200 ml.
Very useful for people with chronic pancreatitis are sour-milk products. Even cheese, which is on the list of prohibited foods in other stages of the disease, can be used in the phase of remission, but not in large quantities and under the condition of good health. Cheese should not be very salty or greasy.
As for the eggs, they can not be used in their entirety. In the diet of the patient there can be only egg white. From it you can cook omelettes for a couple or add them to soups.
In the diet of the patient there should not be a lot of fat( not more than 70 g per day).And most of them should consist of vegetable fats. They are better digested and do not load the pancreas.
Diet for chronic pancreatitis during exacerbation of
The diet for pancreatic pancreatitis during an exacerbation is the same as in the acute form of the disease. The patient is prescribed fasting, and in case of onset of positive dynamics, he is allowed to eat fresh and low-fat food in small amounts.
If the deterioration of well-being is not observed, the patient's menu gradually expands. After 2-3 months, a person can eat the same way as in the phase of remission.
Remember, this is only an approximate diet for pancreatitis. A complete list of permitted and prohibited products should be checked with your doctor. Only he can make the right diet, taking into account your state of health.