Diet for pancreatic necrosis: nutrition before surgery and after
Pancreatic necrosis is characterized by necrosis of pancreatic cells( the body starts to produce enzymes, release them to the outside and destroy their own tissue), which results in inadequate digestive system work. The body can not digest food, even the "lightest".
Pancreatic necrosis occurs as a result of improper dietary compliance with pancreatitis. To be treated only by a surgical method and requires adherence to a special diet before and after the operation.
The diet for pancreatic necrosis of the pancreas is very strict. The patient is not allowed to eat or drink anything for several days before surgery. This is necessary in order that the pancreas cease to produce enzymes that destroy destructively the tissues, vessels and nerve endings of the organ. Diet reviews of those who lose weight
During this period, the patient intravenously injected solutions of glucose, fats and amino acids, so that the body could function normally during the preparation period.
The diet after pancreonecrosis does not differ from the diet before the operation. The patient is also prohibited from eating anything, including ordinary water. For the first time, they give him drink only on the fifth day. And then, it's either ordinary water, or a broth of rose hips( no more than 4 glasses).
In case if after the patient has started to drink liquids on his own, during a few days, there is no deterioration of well-being, a special diet 5-P is prescribed. It implies the consumption of fresh and low-fat food.
The diet lasts for 20 - 30 days. With positive dynamics, the patient's menu gradually expands.
During the addition of any food in the diet, the patient should be careful about your health. And in case of pain or discomfort, it is necessary to inform the attending physician about it.
Nutrition rules after pancreonecrosis
After the operation, the diet will persecute the patient constantly. He will have to give up forever alcoholic beverages, fatty and fried foods, spicy and salty dishes. Also, do not over-eat. Food should be frequent and small portions.
The patient's menu after pancreatic necrosis consists of:
- yesterday's pastry( bread, biscuit);
- low-fat varieties of fish and meat, necessarily cooked in steamed( or boiled) and ground to a mincemeat;
- butter( up to 10 grams per day, not more);
- soups, but cooked only on vegetable broth( in them you can add various cereals and small vermicelli);
- vegetable oil( up to 20 g per day);
- sour-milk products( yogurts, cottage cheese, kefir);
- soft fruit without peel and bones;
- is a weak tea without sugar;
- compotes of dried fruits;
- herbal decoctions.
The patient is allowed to eat only food in a warm form( cold and hot it is impossible!).It should be cooked with a minimum amount of salt( up to 2 grams per day) and without sharp spices and seasonings. But vegetable oils and creamy ones can be added only to dishes during their cooking. To eat bread with butter or to fill vegetable oil salads it is impossible.
Unfortunately, pancreonecrosis does not pass without complications in 90% of cases. Most often, the "bonus" of the disease is diabetes mellitus, which occurs as a result of the destruction of insulin cells. Therefore, often a diet after pancreatic necrosis is combined with a diet for diabetes, compliance with which is also important for the normal maintenance of the functioning of the body.