Diet in case of bowel disease. Proper nutrition!
Intestine plays a big role in the human body. It is through him that all the stomach-digested food passes, which is split into proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. In case of violations of his work, the assimilation of these substances worsens, because of which the body begins to experience their deficiency.
But his work without them is simply impossible, so he starts to take them from his stocks, as a result, a person experiences rapid fatigue, dizziness, nausea and even loses weight! However, he may have constipation and diarrhea, which also cause additional discomfort. Therefore, when such problems arise, a diet for the intestine quickly helps to get rid of them.
A complete diet is required.
. Full nutrition is the ability to provide the body with additional substances that it lacks. Often, bowel disease leads to the loss of excess weight, not only due to the disappearance of fat, but also due to loss of muscle mass. Therefore, in the diet, the patient must necessarily have protein. And the more it is, the better.
A diet with bowel disease presupposes consumption of at least 130 grams of protein per day for women, and more than 180 grams for men. In addition, it is necessary to provide yourself with a fractional diet, which should occur 5-6 times a day. The smaller your portions by volume and the more you eat, the better will be the digestion of food and the assimilation of nutrients, since the load on the internal organs will be small.
is required Since intestinal diseases decrease the absorption of vitamins and minerals, the body begins to experience deficiency in them, and therefore it needs to be helped. Unfortunately, some changes in the diet for this will not be enough. It will take an additional intake of vitamin complexes.
Very Important! All medications, including vitamin complexes, should be taken only as prescribed by the doctor, as self-medication can lead to deterioration of well-being and aggravation of the disease.
Requires large quantities of dairy products.
Dairy products contain enough phosphorus and calcium to maintain their balance in the body. In addition, they also contain many fats and proteins that are easily digested and do not burden internal organs.
Some people who suffer from intestinal diseases, do not tolerate pure milk and sour-milk products. Therefore, it is recommended that they eat low-fat unleavened cottage cheese and unsalted cheeses. They also contain a sufficient amount of these substances.
Therefore, experts recommend that during the treatment of the disease, give up the tasty and useful yogurt and replace it with no less useful and tasty cheese.
All the other foodstuffs are selected based on the characteristics of the disease. After all, those foods that are shown with constipation and have a laxative effect, in no case can not be used with diarrhea. And vice versa.
Diet for the intestines with constipation
Diet in bowel disease, which is accompanied by constipation, requires the inclusion in the diet of foods that have a laxative effect and stimulate the body. After all, it is the wrong and unbalanced diet that leads to the appearance of this problem.
At the same time, the chemical composition of the daily menu should consist of 100 grams of animal protein, 120 grams of vegetable fats and 400 grams of carbohydrates. In this case, the daily caloric content of the diet should not exceed 3000 kcal.
Products that enhance intestinal motility are rich in sugars, table salt, organic acids, dietary fiber, connective tissue, carbon dioxide and fats. Such products include:
- vegetable soups( you can also soups cooked on meat broth, but in limited quantities - not more than 100 grams);
- lean meat;
- chicken, turkey;
- bread of yesterday's baking, made from wholemeal flour;
- crumbly cereal, made from wheat and buckwheat;
- laxatives: beets, cucumbers, pumpkin, tomatoes, carrots, zucchini, cauliflower;
- sour-milk products;
- sweet fruit( they need to be consumed in large quantities, especially apricots and plums);
- dried fruits;
- decoctions of wheat bran and dog rose;
- freshly squeezed vegetable and fruit juices.
To avoid exacerbation of the disease, with constipation, it is highly recommended not to use products such as:
- bread made from high-grade flour;
- any cakes that are baked;
- all kinds of smoked products;
- fatty meat and fish;
- leguminous crops;
- semolina porridge;
- all kinds of pasta;
- absolutely all mushrooms;
- were jammed;
- garlic and onion;
- spicy condiments - horseradish, mustard, black ground pepper;
- various confectionery products, which contain fatty creams;
- strong tea and coffee.
All these products help to strengthen fecal masses, reduce the motor activity of the intestine and promote the development of constipation. That is why a diet with bowel disease excludes them from the patient's diet.
There are foods and dishes that have almost no effect on the motor activity of the intestine. Therefore, they can be eaten by absolutely all patients. These include:
- steamed dishes from chopped dietary meat meat;
- fish without skin, steamed or boiled;
- fresh unleavened cottage cheese;
- yesterday's pastry made from wholemeal flour.
All these products can be eaten without any fear. They are easily digested and absorbed by the body, while not exerting a heavy load on it.
Diarrhea is a condition in which irritation of the intestinal wall and frequent emptying is observed. It is dangerous, as it can lead to dehydration of the body. Therefore, as soon as the first signs of diarrhea begin to appear, immediate measures should be taken to treat it.
You can drink some medicine that will help stop the manifestation of the symptoms of the disease. But this will only help to temporarily stop diarrhea. The true treatment is to adhere to a special diet.
The reasons for the disorder of the intestinal tract can be very diverse. If diarrhea is accompanied by vomiting, nausea and dizziness, you should immediately contact a specialist.
Symptoms such as discolored stools, red stools, bloating, darkening in the eyes, weakness, fever, vomiting and nausea may indicate the presence of diseases that can be life-threatening.
Diet in case of an intestinal disorder can only be used on its own if diarrhea is not accompanied by the symptoms described above. Its main task is to provide the body with all the necessary substances, while at the same time providing a minimum load on the gastrointestinal tract.
All this is possible only under the condition:
- decrease in daily intake of fats and carbohydrates;
- increase in daily intake of proteins of animal origin;
- exceptions from the diet of foods that contribute to increased motor activity of the intestine;
- exceptions from the diet of diseased products that contribute to the triggering of fermentation and rotting processes in the intestine.
At the same time the patient's food should be fractional, with the predominance of liquid and warm food, the total caloric content is not higher than 1900 kcal. Such food will help reduce the load on the digestive tract and eliminate the symptoms of diarrhea.
During diarrhea manifestations, it is recommended that a gentle regimen be performed. The body needs a lot of energy, because together with the calves, it loses a lot of strength and important elements for it. But to ensure its follow it very carefully.
The food that will be consumed must be easy and well absorbed by the body. And to achieve this, cook it should be steamed or simply boiled in slightly salted water. And before you use it you need to wipe it off.
Knees, soufflé, steam cutlets made from dietary and lean meats are an ideal source of animal protein. In addition, they contain few fats and carbohydrates. Just what the diet requires for an intestinal disorder.
When diarrhea manifests, you should eat foods such as:
- fresh fresh curd;
- eggs boiled soft-boiled or cooked as a steam omelet;
- jelly, prepared from fresh berries and fruits;
- baked apples( they should be wiped off before use);
- butter( you can not use it in its pure form, you can only add it to ready meals);
- steamed burgers, soufflé, knels;
- wheat crumbs;
yesterday's bread made from wheat flour.
The prohibited foods include:
- all types of canned food;
- smoked meat;
- kefir, fermented baked milk;
- teas and coffee with the addition of sugar and milk;
- carbonated drinks;
- fatty meat and fish.
In addition, it is prohibited to eat too hot or cold food, as it helps irritate the intestinal mucosa. It is also not recommended to drink alcoholic beverages during manifestations of diarrhea, as they contribute to an even greater dehydration of the body.
Fruits contain coarse fibers, which contribute to irritation of the digestive tract, so they should be excluded from the diet at the time of nutrition. For the same reason, it is not recommended to eat vegetables. Legumes are also prohibited, as they lead to the formation of a process of fermentation in the intestine, and with diarrhea this can lead to a deterioration in well-being.
It is very important to take rehydrating medications in an intestinal disorder. They help the body maintain its strength and prevent its dehydration, by restoring the water-alkaline balance.
If there is no such tool in the home medicine cabinet, then it can be easily prepared by yourself. To do this, take a liter of chilled boiled water and dilute it with a tablespoon of sugar, a teaspoon of salt and half a teaspoon of baking soda. This solution should be taken every 10-15 minutes in small sips.
In addition to this solution, it is required to drink plenty of water. This is a very important nuance. This helps to replenish the lost fluid in the body and improve your well-being.
And most importantly! If you are treating diarrhea on your own, but do not observe a positive result within 24-48 hours, an urgent appeal to a specialist is required! Otherwise, you risk earning yourself various "bonuses" in the form of dehydration and other diseases.