Diarrhea in children, especially young children, is not only an unpleasant symptom, it is also very dangerous. During diarrhea, the body loses a large amount of fluid, and with it vitally important vitamins and trace elements. Diarrhea can be accompanied by vomiting, fever, general weakness and other concomitant symptoms.
In the event of a frequent fluid stool in a baby, urgent medical consultation is needed to determine its causes. Depending on the causes and accompanying symptoms, treatment and appropriate nutrition will be prescribed.
- 1 How can diarrhea be caused by
- 2 How to determine the cause of diarrhea in a child
- 3 First aid
- 3.1 Basic stages of recovery of a child's body for diarrhea
- 4 How to give a baby with diarrhea
- 5 How to feed a baby with diarrhea
- 6 Diet for babies
- 7 Diet for children overyear
- 7.1 Prohibited products
- 8 Recipes for diarrhea in a child
- 8.1 Souffle meat on a water bath
- 8.2 Dietary rice porridge
What can be caused by diarrhea
Diarrhea is not an independent disease, it can be a symptom of such ailments:
- Acute intestinal infection
- Food poisoning
In any of these diseases, children develop bowel dysfunction, therefore, it is necessary especially forits mucous nourishment. The most common cause of diarrhea in childhood is food poisoning or toxic infections.
Food poisoning can occur due to ingestion of stale foods or poisonous substances. Toxicoinfection develops against the background of the use of products containing microorganisms, the products of their vital activity, as well as living cells of the causative agent of infection. The disease is acute and is not transmitted on contact.
Microorganisms that enter the body do not multiply under normal conditions, in cases when the immunity of the child is lowered, they can cause huge harm to health. Under certain conditions, bacteria acquire the properties of pathogenic and can cause infectious diseases.
How to determine the cause of diarrhea in a child
In order to choose a diet for a child, you need to determine the cause of diarrhea, on the basis of this, and will be prescribed therapeutic nutrition. Symptoms of poisoning:
- General condition deterioration
- High temperature
- Abdominal pain
Poisoning most often begins to occur with the appearance of vomiting, then the temperature rises rapidly and frequent diarrhea occurs.
This condition is very dangerous due to extreme dehydration of the body. Therefore, it is first necessary to fill the liquid lost from the organism against the background of infection.
Once a child has signs of poisoning, it is necessary for him to do a gastric lavage. To do this, apply pure potable water at room temperature at the rate of 0.02 liters per 1 kg of the weight of the baby. After the baby has drunk the necessary amount of fluid, vomiting will begin. Then it is necessary to give him sorbents:
- Activated charcoal
The main stages of the recovery of the child's body with diarrhea
Therapeutic diet with diarrhea should take place in several stages:
- Recovery of lost fluid
- Frequent and fractional nutrition
- Eating easily digestible and light foods that can not damage the intestinal mucosa
- Dietary nutrition appropriate to the child's age
Than to give a baby with diarrhea
In the absence of vomiting, you can begin to solder the child in small doses( preferably from a spoon).There are many products containing mineral salts to replenish and detain the liquids that have entered the baby's body:
In addition to special preparations, you can use decoctions and compotes that, in addition to replenishing the liquid, will provide the body with lost vitamins and minerals during the illness, to restore strength and fight the consequences of the disease:
- Decoction of rice
- Rose hip tea
- Chamomile powder
- Compotewithout sugar from dried fruits
- Blueberry juice
- Compote with raisins
- Carrot broth
- Medicinal mineral water without gas
To prepare a solution that can fill the required amount of salt in the body, you need to take a half teaspoon of salt, soda and sugar on a glass of water. With this solution, you can give the baby a drink from the spoon every five minutes. The recipe of the drink to restore vitamins in the body:
Take a banana, knead it with a fork, add half a spoonful of salt and a spoonful of sugar and pour a liter of water.
Than to feed a baby with diarrhea
During an acute period accompanied by fever, nausea, the baby needs to be fed with light semi-liquid or puree food. Vegetables and cereals are cooked with a lot of liquid, than usual and rubbed. The meat is served in the form of mashed potatoes or soufflé, the fish must be cleaned of all bones, steamed and mashed with a fork.
If the child refuses to eat, do not force him to eat, it can cause vomiting. You can not feed a child with the products that he has chosen, they can be harmful to his uneven bowel. These products include:
- Carbonated water
With their help, you can cause irreparable harm to the body: against the background of the intestinal can develop pancreatic inflammation or liver failure. In addition to dietary meals complex vitamin preparations are prescribed to restore nutrients lost together with diarrhea and vomiting.
You should not feed your baby with products that can increase intestinal motility and stimulate bile production. Such food can cause fermentation in the gut:
- Dairy products
- Smoked and pickled dishes
Despite the fact that before doctors recommended refraining from any food at all, modern pediatricians do not adhere to this concept. Lack of nutrients during fasting will negatively affect the development of the baby, a lack of protein for its growth, a sharp loss of weight, a decrease in immunity.
In such conditions, the baby's body will be very difficult to recover quickly, the tissue regeneration will slow down and the intestinal mucosa will be damaged for a long time. Therefore, it will be impossible to switch to normal food for a long time.
Toddlers who are breastfed, it is recommended to continue to feed more often, while reducing the one-time dose.
Breast milk is an indispensable product for babies for up to a year, even during diarrhea: the biological active substances contained in it, contribute to the strengthening of immunity and help the baby cope with the disease.
The feeding of infants who are on artificial feeding should be approached individually. The amount of the mixture is determined by the frequency of regurgitation and the presence or absence of vomiting. Feeding should be done every 2 hours, the volume of the mixture should be 50 ml. On day 4, feeding is gradually transferred to normal mode. Babies from five months are allowed to feed dairy-free rice or buckwheat porridges. Children at the age of eight months need to add a yolk, meat broth, jelly and meat puree to the ration.
Diet for children over the age of the year
At the onset of the disease, it is necessary to add two more meals between meals and reduce the amount of food at one meal. The amount of food is increasing daily. Diets for diarrhea in a child include the use of cereal soups:
Then you can switch to cereals from the same groats. You can give the baby soup puree with vegetables:
These vegetables are good for the intestines, because they contain in boiled form a large amount of pectin - a substance that can bind water and swell, form a mass that passes through the esophagus,adsorbs the remains of microorganisms, bacteria and toxic substances.
When exposed to acidic media, pectin breaks down into microelements, among which there is calcium, which has an anti-inflammatory and restoring effect on the intestines. As a dessert, jelly from fresh berries is a good choice. With diarrhea, it is preferable to sour cherries and blueberry fruit.
Eating thermally processed vegetables and fruits, contributes to the disappearance of symptoms of intoxication and normalization of the stool. You can include in the diet of jelly, compotes, fruit and mousse with the addition of lemon or cranberry juice. On the third day, it is allowed to include in the ration for the restoration of intestinal microflora acid-milk products:
All these beverages must be served fresh, their fat content should beminimum( no more than 2.5%).Are allowed:
- Crackers from white bread
Then you can include in the diet low-fat cottage cheese, banana puree, baked apples. Baked apples contain many useful minerals, contribute to the restoration of normal intestinal microflora and restore the intestinal mucosa.
You can switch to raw apples only after a week. It is recommended to grate the apple first on a grater. In the second week, meat products can be introduced into the ration:
- Steamed chicken meatballs
- Veal in the form of souffle
- turkey mincemeat
- You can make cutlets or meatballs from meat of lean fish.
To avoid damage that restores your digestive system, do not eat the following foods:
- Raw vegetables
- Black bread
- Sweet carbonated drinks
To avoid damage to irritated gastric mucosa and intestines, all meals and drinks needgive the child in a warm state. The diet should be observed at least two weeks after the disappearance of the symptoms of the disease. Diet to the child is appointed individually by a doctor.
Sugar can be given only as an additive to beverages. You can not cook soups on rich, fat meat broths.
Recipes for diarrhea in a child
Souffle meat on a water bath
- Lean meat - 100g
- White bread
- Egg - 1 piece
- Vegetable broth - 50 g
- Remove meat from films, grease and tendons and cook until soft.
- Bread soak in broth, rub through a sieve.
- Boiled meat cut into slices, pass through a meat grinder, add bread, broth and raw egg to it.
- Mix everything and put it in the mold. The form is placed in a pot of water and put in the oven for half an hour.
Dietary rice porridge
Boil the rice on water until it's sticky. On 2 tablespoons of rice take a glass of water. Sprinkle half-glass of milk with almost ready porridge, add sugar and salt to taste and bring to a boil. Remove the pan from the heat and wipe the porridge through a sieve. Wipe the rubbed mass again in a saucepan and hold the minute for a slow fire. You can add a little butter. Dietary cereal is ready.
The importance of diet in the treatment of diarrhea in children - a huge! Only with the right nutrition it will be possible to achieve the desired effect - recovery of the baby.
How dangerous diarrhea for a child the pediatrician will tell in the following video:
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