In infants of the first months of life, liquid feces are normal. But sometimes there are dysfunctions of the intestines that appear in the form of diarrhea. Failures in the work of the digestive tract in a baby can lead to sad consequences. Therefore, we must carefully treat all unusual manifestations in the bowel movement.
- 1 What can diarrhea signal in a baby?
- 1.1 What should I look for?
- 2 What should be the "normal" feces?
- 3 How many times can I have a chair?
- 4 How to identify diarrhea requiring medical attention?
- 4.1 Combination of diarrhea with fever( mucus may contain mucus, blood)
- 4.2 Combination of regular diarrhea with abdominal swelling, body rashes, poor weight gain
- 4.3 Teething is the cause of diarrhea.
- 4.4 The baby is over a year old. What does diarrhea signal?
- 5 How to treat diarrhea in children less than a year old
What can diarrhea signal in a baby?
One must learn to distinguish normal stool from any pathological changes. Timely response of parents to changes can save the health and even the life of the child. Failures can be evidence of serious diseases. And just diarrhea, which is a consequence of the disease, for example, a common ARVI, can quickly lead to dehydration.
What should I look for?
If the baby has a loose stool, accompanied by vomiting, immediately call an ambulance. Below are listed cases where you can not pull the call "ambulance" in the case of diarrhea of a newborn:
- child no year, and especially 6 months and he started diarrhea( more than 3 - 5 cases);
- temperature above 38 ° C;
- kid vomited more than 3 times;
- the child has signs of dehydration: the fontanelle is sunken, there are no tears during crying, dry lips, hollow eye sockets.
Consult your local doctor if the following signs of impairment occur:
- mucus, foam in the stool;
- many gases released at the time of defecation;
- diarrhea happens often, because of this the baby is weak, does not gain weight;
- visible streaks of blood in the stool;
- appeared rash in the abdomen, on the cheeks, elbows and legs;rashes have a rough surface;
- diarrhea developed after taking acetylsalicylic acid with an increase in temperature due to ARI,
- even if several days have passed;
- diarrhea began after treatment with antibiotics of other diseases.
What should be the "normal" feces?
In the first months of life, all children have a loose stool. This is considered normal. Do not respond to the advice of "well-wishers" who claim that the chair should be decorated. Perhaps, such people simply do not remember how it should be or do not know anything, but they want to appear competent in this matter.
A newborn baby can not have formed feces, in which case he simply could not have committed the act of defecation. The child still can not sit or stand, receives exclusively liquid food, so he should have only a loose stool. The body can not form a normal feces for an adult, because solid particles of food do not flow and there is simply nowhere to take care of the decorated feces.
Therefore, parents should calmly treat the liquid stool, which in adults is considered a deviation from the norm. For babies, there is nothing to worry about. But if a baby has solid fecal masses, constipation will begin, with which you have to fight with your own means. After all, delays in defecation deliver no less problems than diarrhea.
Parents should be monitored for the consistency and color of the feces, these parameters may vary with age. Moreover, changes can take place every day. Such mobility of indicators is more common in children who are breastfeeding. The diet of the mother will have a noticeable effect on the color of the stool. Therefore, even with the appearance of an unfamiliar color, one does not need to panic, we must first analyze what the lactating woman ate. Standard indicators are given below.
First hours, days after birth. The color of the feces is dark, closer to the dark green. This is the so-called meconium - the original feces. He must necessarily get out of the baby's body. If this does not happen, the medical staff should be informed. The absence of meconium secretions often indicates a pathology. For example, about atresia of the intestine.
First months. Norma is a loose stool, the color can vary: from greenish to golden. All shades of brown are allowed. An insignificant amount of mucous secretions is also a norm. The stool should have a characteristic smell resembling sour milk. An unpleasant odor develops if the baby is an artificial person or on a mixed type of food. In this case, it is impossible to predict which smell it will be.
After six months, significant changes in consistency occur. Fecal masses thicken, become creamy. Color also varies. Let's say green, brown, and yellow. If the baby is on artificial feeding, then the color may be dark green, and yellow-brown.
How many times can I have a chair?
is also possible. Quantity is one of the most important indicators. At first the child can defecate up to 10 times a day. This is common for children less than 4 months old. But there is one condition: the baby should feel good, the weight gain should be constant.
If the child is breastfed, the chair can be rare. In this there is nothing to worry about. Even if a toddler walks "big" once a few days and yet feels well, you do not need to worry. However, we must pay attention to the consistency of the stool, it must remain soft.
If the feces are hard - this is a violation of the norm, then there are digestive disorders. This can lead to violations of the diet, which allows a nursing woman. Mom should carefully monitor their diet, then everything is normal.
How to identify diarrhea requiring medical attention?
The above listed symptoms that require immediate response. As a rule, these signs indicate the development of the disease. After all, violations associated with the stool, almost always say that this or that disease begins. Even otitis in infants makes itself felt by diarrhea. However, diarrhea can not determine what happened.
Additional diagnostic tools are needed to know: bronchitis or sinusitis caused a loose stool. Below are some common situations that signal the development of certain diseases.
Combination of diarrhea with fever( mucus, blood may be present in the stool)
is most likely to be a penetration into the intestine of the infection, it can be both bacterial and viral. Symptoms can signal that food poisoning has started. Parasitic infection manifests itself in a similar way. In particular, giardiasis often gives just such symptoms.
To determine pathological changes, one must observe what changes in the composition of the stool. Changes should be pronounced. For example, earlier there were no foamy excretions, then they suddenly appeared. The chair was decorated, then it became too liquid. Especially if the temperature rises, vomiting begins, weakness develops, the baby pulls to sleep. The condition described above threatens dehydration.
The younger the child, the faster it can lose the vital amount of fluid.
Combination of regular diarrhea with abdominal distension, rashes on the body, poor weight gain
Such symptoms can be a consequence of lactase deficiency, allergies to various food components, including soy protein, the manifestation of dysbiosis. There is a certain list of diseases that prevent the normal absorption of food, including cystic fibrosis, celiac disease and the like. These diseases are accompanied by a combination of the above symptoms. You can not start the situation, you will not be able to cope with the problem yourself. Therefore it is necessary to be surveyed and complex to be treated.
Teething - the cause of diarrhea
The moment of teething is a special period. Some people do not react to this process. But the organism of the majority of children reacts sharply to the changes occurring, diarrhea, along with increased temperature, salivation, often accompanied by the appearance of teeth.
If the loose stool is caused solely by the eruption of the tooth, it is not necessary to treat it. This is considered a variant of the norm. But this is typical only for those situations where there are no other symptoms that should alert the parents. Here it is necessary to show attention, because carefree parents quite often write off "on a teeth" many serious problems with health of the child.
To the kid more than a year. What does diarrhea signal?
Children, age of which is more than a year, eat solid food, respectively, the chair they must already have taken shape. If the stool becomes liquid, then the body is not all right. The causes of diarrhea in children, which are more than a year, are the same as in adults. However, it is necessary to exclude some diseases, characteristic exclusively for adult patients.
If diarrhea is accidental, this should not cause concern. In this case, there is a single liquid stool, which does not affect well-being. And the next chair already has a normal shape.
Take measures if diarrhea is repeated several times or even starts to appear permanently. At the same time the condition worsens, there are other unpleasant symptoms. In this situation, you must follow all the recommendations that are relevant for adults.
How to treat diarrhea in children less than a year old
Diarrhea is a method that the body uses to protect against the negative effects of external manifestations. Therefore, you do not need to treat diarrhea yourself, you should identify the cause of this condition and eliminate it. But before that you need to protect the baby from the dangerous consequences of diarrhea. It is a question of dehydration, expressed in the loss of salts and liquid. This condition leads to serious disruptions in the functioning of internal organs.
First, you need to do everything to make up for the loss of fluid, salt. These parents are obliged to do this before consulting a specialist. Secondly, it is necessary to conduct a set of activities, which will appoint a doctor. Self-medication is best not to deal with, because a child's body can suddenly react even to the most familiar means.
From this video you will learn what can threaten and how to treat diarrhea in a child:
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