Vitamins for the prevention of the flu
None of us is immune from the flu, especially in winter-spring time. During this period, the body is experiencing an acute shortage of vitamins, because of which its protective properties are weakened, and it is no longer able to independently resist infections and viruses.
It is for this reason that you should take vitamins for the prevention of influenza. They can be purchased at any pharmacy. But not everyone likes to drink tablets, and it is not always possible, for example, if it is a question of small children or a person has stomach ulcers.
So how do you deal with this situation? There is an exit. After all, nature has given us everything so that we can independently replenish our stores of vitamins in the body. And this is ordinary food. Naturally, there is no need to talk about the benefits of food products like buns, sandwiches and sweets. In them there is nothing useful, including vitamins. So where do you get them? What foods do you need to use to strengthen your body and not get sick with the flu?
The role of vitamins in the prevention of influenza
Vitamins for the prevention of influenza and colds are very important. They successfully help to fight infections and viruses due to the following properties:
- strengthening of immunity - most known vitamins have a stimulating effect on the immune system, activating the production of antibodies that fight in our body with pathogenic microorganisms;
- activation of regeneration - vitamins are also involved in the restoration of mucous membranes during periods of inflammation and their damage as a result of the vital activity of microorganisms;
- enhances the production of mucus and secretory immunoglobulins - they are the guardians of cells in the body, preventing the penetration of pathogens into them;
- antiviral action - there are vitamins that activate the production of antibodies, which we already mentioned, but there are vitamins that themselves destroy viruses, thereby preventing the development of infectious and viral diseases of the upper respiratory tract.
What vitamins are required for the prevention of influenza?
For the normal functioning of the body all the known vitamins are needed. Each of them has its own action and participates in certain processes. But to strengthen immunity and prevent flu, the following are required.
Vitamin C or ascorbic acid
This is a water-soluble vitamin, which is a potent immunomodulatory agent. It suppresses the reproduction and growth of pathogenic microorganisms, which gives rise to talk about its antiviral effect. Quite often, it is the deficiency of this vitamin that leads to a decrease in immunity and increases the risk of developing infectious and viral diseases.
In order to prevent the development of these diseases, a person should consume at least 100 mg of vitamin C per day. If it so happens that the flu is already in full swing, then this dose should double.
The greatest amount of this vitamin is found in rosehips, lemons, oranges, mandarins, grapefruits and black currants. Using these products daily, you provide your body with the daily requirement of vitamin C and protect yourself from the flu.
Vitamin B1 or thiamin for the prevention of influenza
This vitamin is also required for our body to maintain immunity. Thiamine exerts a restoring effect on the epithelium of the respiratory tract, and also promotes the regeneration of nerve endings.
To prevent the development of infectious and viral diseases, it is necessary to cover the daily requirement of the body in this vitamin - 1.2 mg. To do this, you need to eat bread every day, made from wholemeal flour, as well as spinach and peas.
Vitamin B2 or riboflavin
It is this vitamin that takes part in the production of antibodies that are the guards of our health. When a virus enters the body, they immediately attack them, preventing them from multiplying.
The daily need for an organism in this vitamin is 1.1 mg. You can get it from food such as meat, almonds, eggs, cottage cheese and buckwheat.
Vitamin B6 or pyridoxine
This vitamin has a restoring effect on the nerve endings, which are located in the mucosa of the respiratory tract. Such an action can significantly reduce the occurrence of viral diseases and shorten the time of treatment of the disease, if it has already occurred.
The daily requirement of an organism in this vitamin is 2 mg. You can get it in large quantities by eating more meat and white cabbage.
Vitamin PP or nicotinic acid for the prevention of influenza
This vitamin does not have a strong antiviral effect. However, it has other important properties in the prevention of influenza. Vitamin PP has a restoring effect on blood vessels and normalizes blood circulation in the respiratory system.
To not get sick with flu, a person should consume up to 25 mg of this vitamin a day. This is possible only with the use of products such as liver, mushrooms, flour products from rye flour, as well as pineapples.
Retinol and Tocopherol
These vitamins also play an important role in the body. Retinol improves the process of regeneration of damaged respiratory cells, and tocopherol has a powerful antioxidant effect and stimulates the work of immunity.
For the prevention of influenza, a person should consume up to 1700 micrograms of retinol per day. It is found in many food products such as carrots, green onions and bell peppers. A tocopherol should be consumed up to 10 mg per day. Its a lot in nuts, meat and liver.
All these vitamins play an important role in maintaining immunity. To provide the body with them, it is enough just to follow the vitamin diet. It is also necessary to exercise regularly. After all, it also has a positive effect on immunity. As for medicinal prophylactic drugs, it is impossible to take them without consulting a doctor. Since they are selected individually depending on the age of the patient and the presence of other diseases.