Acute laryngitis can develop with severe inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, due to inadequate treatment or its ineffectiveness. Provoke an exacerbation of the disease can cause severe hypothermia, inhalation of smoky air. Often the symptoms of acute laryngitis are observed in people whose professional activity is related to speech activity: lecturers, teachers, broadcasters and so on.
Acute laryngitis: causes, symptoms and treatment
Acute laryngitis occurs most often due to acute catarrh of the upper respiratory tract. Sometimes the disease contributes to general or local hypothermia, as well as inhalation of caustic vapors, overly dusty air. The cause of acute laryngitis can be overstrain of vocal cords, smoking and alcohol abuse. Rarely, it acts as a complication of infectious diseases such as influenza, scarlet fever, whooping cough, etc.
If laryngitis is a complication of the flu, you can see hemorrhages in the mucous membrane when examining the patient, with acute laryngitis in children often has inflammation of the lymphadenoid tissue.
With laryngoscopy, the diffuse hyperemia of the mucous membrane of the larynx is clearly visible, as well as hyperemia and edema of the vocal folds.
Sometimes patients complain of a headache, the temperature may slightly increase. The voice becomes rough, hoarse, sometimes there is aphonia, there is a cough, at first dry. Patients feel sore in the throat. Initially, scantily difficult to separate sputum with time becomes plentiful, it is easily expectorated, which in many ways facilitates well-being.
After identifying the symptoms of acute laryngitis, treatment begins with the elimination of all the harmful factors that led to the development of the disease. Ensure the larynx is completely at rest: the patient is not allowed to talk for 5-10 days, depending on the severity of the illness. Those who are forced to talk a lot( teachers, announcers, etc.) are released from work for a long time. At treatment of an acute laryngitis it is forbidden to smoke, to use alcohol, sharp spicy dishes and various seasonings. How and what to treat acute laryngitis, should advise the patient observing the ENT specialist. A good effect is alkaline inhalation, which must be done several times a day, showing a warming compress on the neck, UHF on the larynx.