Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx, which also affects the tissues of the soft palate, lymph nodes and muscles. The disease can develop very quickly, leak sharp and disappear without a trace. However, also rapidly pharyngitis can go on into a chronic form, while for such a transition it is enough to ignore or not to cure the disease once.
The chronic form of the disease can be atrophic or granular( hypertrophic) in nature. In the first case, drying and thinning of inflamed tissues is observed, and in the second case, their growth is observed. It is about the second type of chronic pharyngitis that will be discussed in this article. How to treat granulosa pharyngitis and whether it is possible to prevent the development of the disease?
Development of granulosa pharyngitis
To develop granulosa pharyngitis, it is necessary to confluence two main factors - the adverse effect on the body of the environment and the presence of a genetic predisposition to the development of this disease.
Therefore, if cases of this type of illness have occurred among family members or other relatives, it is necessary to closely monitor the condition of the nasopharynx, take responsibility for their health, and regularly undergo examinations with an otolaryngologist.
Among the most likely factors contributing to the development of this disease include:
- chronic diseases of the nasal sinuses;
- the presence of a tendency to allergic reactions;
- Infection of the nasopharynx with viruses, bacteria or fungi, which provoke the development of the inflammatory process;
- alcohol abuse, smoking;
- abnormal development or damage to the nasal septum;
- long stay in a room with very low humidity;
- pathology of the kidney, heart or gastrointestinal tract;
- contact with toxic gases and dust;
- caries, complicated sinusitis, rhinitis and tonsillitis.
In addition, the transition of acute pharyngitis to a granular type of disease is often the result of long-term neglect of the disease and the lack of necessary therapy.
Is granulosa pharyngitis contagious?
Symptoms of granulosa pharyngitis are often confused with the usual form of pharyngitis or tonsillitis, so if you find yourself having the symptoms below, you should immediately consult a doctor for help and not self-medicate.
Chronic granulosis pharyngitis manifests itself in the throat, sensation of a foreign body in it, accumulation of viscous mucus in the nasopharynx and a constant desire to clear throat, especially in the morning hours. Sometimes patients have a slight pain when swallowing food.
To diagnose chronic granulosis pharyngitis, the photo of which is given above, the doctor will be able to visually inspect the pharynx. During the examination, the patient's swelling of the mucous membrane is fixed, as well as hyperemia and thickening of the pharynx tissues, on the walls of which granules are clearly visible.
Sometimes the symptoms of chronic granulosa pharyngitis may resemble acute tonsillitis( sore throat).This happens when additional "infectious agents" have joined the process, causing a significant increase in body temperature and joint aches. In this case, granulosa pharyngitis can be contagious and present a certain danger to people with a tendency to develop this disease.
How to cure granulosa pharyngitis with antibiotics and other drugs
Treatment of granulosa pharyngitis is determined taking into account the fact that it caused the development of the disease. Usually the treatment plan for pharyngitis of this type includes the following:
- rinsing of the throat with herbal decoctions and special pharmacy antiseptic solutions;
- inhalation using oily and alkaline formulations;
- reception of immunomodulatory, antiviral and anti-inflammatory drugs in combination with various homeopathic preparations. The administration of antibiotics for granulosis pharyngitis is prescribed only in cases when the cause of its development is bacteria;
- cauterizing lubrication of granules and plaques on mucous membranes of the pharynx with medicinal solutions Lugol, Protargol, etc.;
- vitamin therapy, physiotherapy and cryotherapy.
Surgical treatment of granulosa pharyngitis
If such treatment of symptoms of granulosa pharyngitis has not produced any results or has proved ineffective, surgical treatment is prescribed, consisting in laser exposure to the affected areas of the pharynx( cobulation).This operation is minimally invasive, completely safe and almost painless.
The surgical intervention in granulosis pharyngeal throat, the photo of which can be seen below, is a selective, point laser exposure to the enlarged areas of the mucosa:
Treatment of chronic granulosa pharyngitis with laser therapy allows reducing the size of plaques and reducing the intensity of the inflammatory process within a few minutes after surgery.
Coblage provides a fast, almost painless and very effective relief of the symptoms of granulosa pharyngitis and does not require any special recovery period.
However, this operation is not able to solve the existing problem once and for all, It just relieves the already formed granules, but does not prevent the appearance of new follicles. Therefore, after it is carried out, intensive complex medication should not be abandoned.
Granulosa pharyngitis, the photo of which is given above, requires constant monitoring of the condition and prevention of a repeated exacerbation of the disease.
How to treat granulosa pharyngitis folk methods
Very often the granulosa form of pharyngitis is difficult to treat due to the presence of concomitant diseases of internal organs, which can also be handled with the help of folk methods.
A very useful product of beekeeping - propolis, namely its 10% alcohol solution - is a good helper in the fight against this ailment. It is necessary to dilute 50 drops of this solution in 70 ml of water and bury the resulting medicine nose 5 drops into each nostril. After 5 minutes, rinse the throat with the same solution. Repeat the procedure 2 times a day for a week, the main thing is to be sure that you do not have allergies to beekeeping products.
Beneficial effect on the course of drug therapy of gargling with sage broth. To make it, you need 600 ml of water and a tablespoon of sage. The mixture should be boiled for 15 minutes, cool to 38-40 degrees and add a tablespoon of honey. The broth should be rinsed 3-5 times a day.
Do not know how to cure granulosa pharyngitis during pregnancy? Use the usual absolutely harmless sea salt. To do this, one tablespoon of salt should be mixed in 500 ml of water, the temperature of which is 36-37 degrees. The resulting solution should be rinsed for 2-3 minutes. Repeat the procedure should be 5-6 times a day for a week.
Prevention of hypertrophic granulosa pharyngitis
To prevent the development of hypertrophic granulosa pharyngitis, you need to monitor your health and take preventive measures in time. It is necessary to temper your body, enter into your daily busy schedule of sports and daily walks on fresh air. It is also worth giving up smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages.
It is important to monitor the humidity of the room in which you have to stay most of the time, regularly ventilate it and perform a wet cleaning.
Sometimes a granular form of pharyngitis is accompanied by a sore throat caused by throwing stomach acids into it at night. Get rid of this help raise the head of the bed( not just a pillow) 10-15 centimeters above the level of the stomach. Also, you should stop eating at night. The last time you need to eat at least 2 hours before going to bed.