19Feb

Treatment with the device "Artificial kidney"

Undoubtedly, the creation of the device "Artificial kidney" is a real revolutionary breakthrough in creating perfect methods of treating CRF, but patients on hemodialysis, alas, can not live a full life. To go through this complex procedure they must for life and often enough( and sometimes every day), and therefore, are forced to be "tied" to the city in which there is special equipment for dialysis and experienced specialists.

Connection to the "artificial kidney" and dialysis procedure

For some patients, the only way to prolong life is with the "Artificial Kidney" device, but many have no idea what this kind of treatment is.

"Artificial kidney" is a machine weighing about 80 kg, which works like a pump, taking blood from a patient and after cleaning it back.

Cleaning is performed with the passage of blood through a special device - dialyzer.

The principle of the "artificial kidney" is as follows:

  • The dialyzer consists of a large number of tubes( capillary type), through which the patient's blood flows, outside these tubes is washed with a special dialysis solution. The wall of these tubules consists of a semipermeable membrane, through which, by means of osmosis and diffusion, harmful substances and excess micronutrients from the blood enter the dialysis solution.
  • The dialysis solution is then merged and continuously replaced with a new one.

With the help of the "artificial kidney", the procedure of hemodialysis( the name of one of the most common methods of blood purification) usually takes from 3 to 5-7 hours.

If the patient suffers chronic renal failure, the dialysis routine is usually performed 3-4 times a week by the "artificial kidney".If the patient develops acute renal failure( acute damage to the kidneys), the procedures can be performed even daily until the elimination of intoxication and the restoration of the independent functioning of the kidneys.

When connected to an "artificial kidney", hemodialysis procedures are performed in special departments and centers of nephrology and hemodialysis.

Performs the procedure by a nephrologist, sometimes an intensive care unit. The selection of patients for treatment with the Artificial Kidney apparatus is carried out carefully. This method of treatment is revolutionary in the treatment of CRF, but not all patients have a life on hemodialysis, cloudless.

Lifetime attachment to the device and drugs, the severity of the concomitant pathology, as well as the emergence of new complications associated with hemodialysis, sometimes create serious quality problems for these patients. Often they are hardly accepted for the treatment of concomitant pathology by physicians of other specialties who, due to the uniqueness of the pathology and the method of treatment, are not always informed about the peculiarities of the treatment of these patients.