19Feb

Pain in the heart: the main causes

Causes of pain in the heart do not always talk about the pathology of this organ. Often the causes of heart pain are panic attacks, osteochondrosis, muscle diseases, rib injuries and even shingles. In order not to confuse dangerous symptoms and not to miss an impending heart attack, with often troubling heart ailments you need to undergo a full medical examination.

Why sometimes the heart is very sore: "cardiac" causes

In different situations, the heart can hurt differently. Pain in the heart is a symptom of a huge number of diseases, often not associated with heart disease.

Causes of pain in the heart can be digestive organs, bones and nerve endings located around the heart. With the exception of angina pectoris and myocardial infarction, pain in the region of the heart is, as a rule, a low-risk sign.

One of the reasons why it hurts in the heart is myocardial infarction. A blood clot that blocks the movement of blood in the arteries of the heart can be the cause of pressing, compressing pains in the chest, lasting more than a few minutes. Pain can be given to the back, neck, lower jaw, shoulders and arms( especially the left).Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, cold sweat, nausea.

Another reason why the heart is very sore, there may be angina pectoris. Over the years, fatty plaques can form in the arteries of the heart, limiting the flow of blood to the heart muscle, especially during exercise, which is the cause of bouts of chest pain. Angina is often described by people as a feeling of constriction or contraction in the chest. The pain usually lasts about a minute and stops at rest.

Other "cardiac" causes include cardiac inflammation( pericarditis), most commonly due to a viral infection. The pains are often acute, stitching. There may also be fever and malaise. Rarely causal, why the heart hurts, there can be a stratification of the aorta. The inner layer of the artery can be separated under blood pressure, and the result is sudden sudden and severe pain in the chest. Aortic dissection can be the result of a trauma to the chest or a complication of uncontrolled persistent increase in pressure.

Reasons why there are pains in the heart area

There are many "non-cardiac" reasons why the heart is aching in humans - the most common of them are listed below.

Heartburn. Sour stomach juice that comes from the stomach into the esophagus can be the cause of heartburn - a painful, burning sensation in the chest. Often it is combined with a sour taste and eructation. Pain in the chest for heartburn is usually associated with eating and can last for hours. This symptom most often occurs when it is tilted or lying down.

Panic attacks of are also the reason why the heart aches: attacks of unreasonable fear, combined with pain in the chest, rapid heartbeat and breathing, profuse perspiration, is a kind of violation of the autonomic nervous system.

Syndrome Titz. Under certain conditions, the cartilaginous parts of the ribs, especially the cartilages that attach to the sternum, can become inflamed. The pain with this disease can occur suddenly and be quite intense, simulating an attack of angina pectoris. However, the localization of pain may be different. With Tietz syndrome, pain can be exacerbated by pressing the sternum or the ribs near the sternum. Pain with angina and myocardial infarction does not depend on this.

Osteochondrosis of the cervical and thoracic spine leads to a so-called vertebrogenic cardialgia, which resembles angina pectoris. In this condition, intense and prolonged pain behind the sternum, in the left half of the thorax, is observed. Can give in the hands, interscapular area. The pain is aggravated or weakened by changing the position of the body, turning the head, and moving the arms.

Why the heart often hurts: lung and esophagus diseases

Also the reasons why the heart often hurts, there may be lung and esophagus diseases.

Embolism of the pulmonary artery. This type of embolism develops when a blood clot enters the pulmonary artery, blocking the flow of blood to the heart. Symptoms of this life-threatening condition may include sudden, severe chest pain that occurs or worsens with deep breathing or coughing. Other symptoms: shortness of breath, palpitation, a sense of anxiety, loss of consciousness.

Lung diseases. Pneumothorax( collapsed lung), high pressure in vessels supplying lungs( pulmonary hypertension) and severe bronchial asthma can also manifest with pain in the chest.

Pleurisy is another reason why there are pains in the heart: acute, limited chest pain, worse when inhaled or coughing, may be a sign of this disease. The pain arises from the inflammation of the membrane lining the chest cavity from the inside and covering the lungs.

Diseases of the esophagus. Some diseases of the esophagus can cause a violation of swallowing and, consequently, discomfort in the chest. Spasm of the esophagus can cause chest pain. In patients with this disease, the muscles that normally promote food along the esophagus work uncoordinated. Since spasm of the esophagus can pass after taking nitroglycerin - just like angina, - often there are diagnostic errors. Another disturbance of swallowing, known as achalasia, can also cause pain in the chest. In this case, the valve in the lower third of the esophagus does not open as it should and does not allow food into the stomach. She remains in the esophagus, causing unpleasant sensations, pain and heartburn.

Why else there are pains in heart

The following is listed, why else there are pains in a heart of a pulling and aching character.

Diseases of the muscles. Pain caused by muscle diseases, as a rule, begins to bother when turning the trunk or raising hands. Chronic pain syndrome, such as fibromyalgia, can be the reason why the heart pains and "aching" in the chest.

Damage to the ribs and infringement of nerves. Contusions and fractures of the ribs, as well as infringement of the nerve roots, can be the cause of pain, sometimes very severe. With intercostal neuralgia, the pain is localized along the intercostal spaces and is enhanced by palpation.

Shingles. This infection, caused by the herpes virus and affecting the nerve endings, can be the cause of severe pain in the chest. Pain can be localized in the left half of the thorax or be shrouded in nature. This disease can leave behind a complication - postherpetic neuralgia, the cause of prolonged pain and increased skin sensitivity.

Diseases of the gall bladder and of the pancreas .Stones in the gallbladder or inflammation of the gallbladder( cholecystitis) and pancreas( pancreatitis) can cause pain in the upper abdomen, giving to the heart area.

Because chest pain can be the result of a variety of different causes, one should not do self-diagnosis and self-medication and ignore strong and prolonged pain.

The reason why the heart sometimes hurts may not be so serious, but in order to establish it, you need to turn to specialists.