The first answer to the question "what is it is distress" was answered by the American psychophysiologist, Doctor of Medicine Waltner Cannon. In literal translation from English, the word "stress" means "load", "tension".Psychologists distinguish between positive( eustress) and negative( distress) forms of stress. About the symptoms of distress and how to get rid of chronic stress, you will find out on this page.
If the stress is long, uncontrolled, then the body does not have the opportunity to normalize already activated processes and physiological changes in the body can cause harm to health. Scandals in the family, financial problems, loss of work or close people can cause long-term stress for long months, and even years. Dangerous to mental and physical health of a person is prolonged, chronic stress, or distress. The cause of chronic stress can be prolonged conflict situations, when negative emotions become a form of "stagnant" excitation of brain structures and the main biorhythms of the body are broken: sleep and hormonal functions, mechanisms of self-regulation of some weakened functional systems of the body.
Prolonged stress and cardiovascular diseases
The association between prolonged stress and cardiovascular disease has been identified in many large studies. According to the Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences E.I. Chazov, during the "perestroika" mortality from heart disease from 1990 to 2003 increased from 617.4 to 900.2 per 100 thousand.of the population. It was found that the prevalence of such risk factors as smoking, hypercholesterolemia, alcohol, obesity has not changed over the years. Therefore, it was suggested that this growth is related to the psychosocial factor. Studies conducted by scientists of the Russian Cardiology Research and Production Complex showed that psychoemotional stress, stress, depression are accompanied by severe impairments in the function of a number of organs and body systems. With depression in the human body, the content of cytokines increases: interleukins-1 and -6.These substances are also produced in a healthy body, carrying out a protective reaction against inflammation, but with their increased concentration, inflammatory changes can damage the heart muscle cells and cause atherosclerotic changes in the vessels. This contributes to a more severe course and worsening of cardiovascular diseases. It was found that the depression in 2 times increases the mortality among cardiac patients.
Symptoms of chronic stress
If in your life unpleasant events occur that can lead to distress, and you are worried about your condition, then try to listen to yourself and determine the presence of symptoms of an impending disease.
The following are the signs of distress:
- Overeating or loss of appetite.
- Increase in the number of smoked cigarettes and doses of alcoholic beverages.
- In a state of chronic stress, insomnia and apathy appear.
- Increased irritability and anxiety.
- Also a symptom of chronic stress may be a lack of sense of humor.
- Loss of interest in sexual relations.
- Forgetfulness, difficulties in doing the usual work.
- No need to communicate with friends, friends.
- Another sign of chronic stress is unreasonable jealousy and suspicion.
Possible consequences of prolonged stress
Possible consequences of prolonged stress may be neuroses, psychoses, alcoholism, cardiac disorders, arterial hypertension, ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract. These serious consequences are exacerbated if there is a tendency to abuse smoking and alcohol. Even such critical outcomes as myocardial infarction and stroke are possible.
Against the background of distress, you may feel worse: headache;unexplained fatigue;pain in the heart;decreased efficiency;increased blood pressure;trembling and chills;increased sweating;lack of air;nausea;muscle pain.
If these signs do occur, it is obvious that negative events occur in your life, and you can not react quickly and correctly to them. It can be a long conflict at work or forced separation from a loved one. To remedy the situation, emergency measures must be taken, and should start with the most available means.
Express Diagnosis Before Treatment of Chronic Stress
As a rapid diagnostic method, before the treatment of chronic stress, the reader scale can be recommended. With its help you can assess the level of stress and chronic fatigue and decide on the advisability of contacting specialists.
Approvals Rather Agree
No, I do not agree
|1. Perhaps I is a nervous||1||2||3||4|
|2. I am very worried about my work||1||2||3||4|
|3. I often feel nervous tension||1||2||3||4|
|4. My everydaythe activity causes a lot of stress||1||2||3||4|
|5. Communicating with people, I often feel nervous tension||1||2||3||4|
|6. By the end of the day I am completely exhausted physically and mentally||1||2||3||4|
|7. In my family there are often tense relations||1||2||3||4|
How to treat chronicallyIn order to ensure that the stressful situation does not turn into distress, it is necessary to analyze it and decide what can be done to gain emotional balance. Before treating chronic stress under the supervision of a specialist, you can take the following actions.
1. Give way to aggression: break up old bottles, tear up unnecessary magazines, write a letter to the offender, in which you throw out all your emotions, and then tear it.
2. Pamper yourself: buy yourself what you have been dreaming of, cook your favorite dish, throw household chores and play with children, go to the theater, organize a picnic in nature.
3. Adjust your diet. Small portions of carbohydrate-rich foods contribute to the production of a hormone of joy - serotonin.
4. Try to calm down. During a lunch break, go to the park, sit on a bench or walk along the avenue. In the evening, take a warm bath, massage, listen to a pleasant soothing music.
5. Be realistic. Remember that the success of bad luck will necessarily come happy days. Maybe, what happened, is there a better way out of this situation?
6. Try sometimes to let go of the , it's impossible to constantly monitor everything.
7. Talk about your problems with a loved one. This will help you understand their essence, get advice from those who love you, and feel that you are not alone.
The above techniques will give you the opportunity to get a breather, relax, calm down and reduce the negative effect of distress on your health.
How to protect yourself from stress and chronic fatigue
How to protect yourself from prolonged stress and chronic fatigue, what to do if you are exposed to it, if it depresses you, disables your nervous and cardiovascular systems, and all because you are in a protracted extreme situation? The advice is one: try to adapt to the changed conditions, if they do not depend on you. The loss of your favorite work, of course, is not only a serious blow to your vanity, but also a sensitive loss of yesterday's material assets, so vital for life. Do not despair! Try to find any other job, no matter how disgusted it may seem to you. Now it is important to "feed" yourself, your family, and tomorrow may open other perspectives and opportunities. Believing in the best, fighting for the best is your salvation. Panic, despair, longing, a sense of hopelessness - bad fellow travelers.
If you can not quickly cope with a difficult situation and have to stay for a long time in a state of psychoemotional stress, then all the body systems are forced to work with overload - and there may be symptoms of physical and psychological exhaustion against a background of prolonged stress. This period is characterized by loss of control over oneself, low self-esteem, a decrease in interest in work and other daily activities. A person has indifference, indifference, which are accompanied by fatigue and decline of strength. It seems that nothing and no one can get you out of this state.
Among psychosocial factors, depression and anxiety are the most important for the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases.
To date, there is strong scientific evidence that long-term stress and neuropsychiatric disorders are independent risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, primarily arterial hypertension and coronary heart disease.
According to the results of the KOMPAS study conducted by the State Research Center for Preventive Medicine of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation in 35 cities of Russia, it has been established that up to 46% of patients who go to a polyclinic to see a doctor suffer from psychoneurotic disorders. Of these, 24% are clinically significant, that is, require the intervention of specialists - psychotherapists and psychiatrists.