Liver abscess, like ascites, is most often a consequence of inflammatory processes in the bile ducts. In this case the disease sharply raises the temperature, the complexion changes, there are pronounced violations in the work of the digestive tract, a person quickly loses weight. Experienced physicians can identify the abscess by ordinary palpation, but for more detailed diagnosis, ultrasound is needed.
Causes and symptoms of liver abscess
Abscess( from Latin abscessus - "abscess", "abscess") of the liver is a single or multiple focal inflammation with the formation of one or more tumor-like abscesses( restricted cavities filled with pus) in the liver tissue. Like ascites, liver abscess is always a secondary disease.
Due to the widespread use of antiseptic drugs, abscesses caused by pyogenic bacteria have become quite rare today.
The most common causes of liver abscess are:
- inflammation of the bile ducts due to the penetration of infection from the gallbladder, intestines, blood vessels or the lymphatic ways;
- pathogens viral nature( herpes virus, toxoplasma) or bacterial( syphilis, tuberculosis, E. coli, staphylococcus, streptococcus), penetrating into the body of the child with the mother's blood;
- direct infection spread from inflamed abdominal organs;
- liver injury.
Rarely the cause of its occurrence are:
- purulent cholangitis;
- malignant tumors;
- destructive( destruction of appendix tissues due to purulent process) appendicitis, ulcerative colitis.
Symptoms of liver abscess are manifested by the following symptoms:
- increase in body temperature to 39-40 ° due to the development of the inflammatory process;
- pain in the right hypochondrium, giving in the right scapula and the right shoulder;
- earthy complexion;
- nausea and vomiting;
- icteric skin color and sclera;
- enlargement of the liver and its increased soreness upon palpation.
The patient's condition deteriorates sharply when an abscess breaks and pus enters the abdominal cavity, since in this case a general infection of the body( sepsis) occurs.
Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of liver abscess
When diagnosing a liver abscess,
- is used for the ultrasound of the abdominal cavity;
- computed tomography of abdominal organs;
- blood test( abscess shows a high white blood cell count).
At the slightest suspicion of this disease the patient should be sent to a hospital. Treatment of liver abscess is carried out with the help of antibacterial drugs, which are injected through the catheter into the hepatic artery or directly into the umbilical vein. With single or multiple large abscesses, surgical treatment is performed: opening and draining of abscesses.
To prevent liver abscess, timely and correct treatment of diseases of the abdominal cavity organs is necessary.
The liver is most active from 1 to 3 am. During sleep, it is restored, neutralizes and removes from the body accumulated per day harmful substances. If for some reason the liver does not cope with this task, in the morning you will feel overwhelmed, even if you have slept long enough.