Disruption of the digestive process in modern humans is the leading cause of general instability in the health status of other organs and systems. At some pathologies to reveal any visible structural changes in mucous membranes of a stomach, a thin and thick intestine it is not obviously possible. By results of laboratory diagnostics the person is absolutely healthy, however state of health leaves much to be desired.
Such pathologies include irritable bowel syndrome( IBS), which can first give symptoms at a young age of up to 25 years. As the pathology develops, the frequency of seizures increases from 30 to 45 years. After reaching the age of 50 years, irritable bowel syndrome passes into an atonic or spastic colitis in view of age-related degenerative changes. To prevent these conditions, it is necessary to conduct SRC therapy in a timely and constant manner, as there are no methods of treatment to eliminate the causes of this pathology at the moment.
This material examines the symptoms and treatment of irritable bowel syndrome, as well as the main alleged causes of this condition. Attention is paid to some preventive measures, but more about diet and diet can be read in a special material.
Diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome and its causes
Currently, the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome is established in approximately 40% of patients treated with characteristic complaints of bloating and spasms along the colon. In the initial diagnosis, attention is paid to the collection of anamnesis. It is important to understand - what causes the appearance of pain, what disorders diet or psychoemotional injuries were the day before. As a rule, sigmoidoscopy, ultrasound and tomography do not reveal any abnormalities in the state of the intestinal tissues. When taking tests for dysbiosis or dysbiosis, an altered balance of the opportunistic microflora or an excessive amount of a specific strain of beneficial bacteria can be detected.
The following risk factors can be attributed to the main causes of the disorder:
- uncontrolled intake of antibacterial and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( they can change the acid-base balance and lead to deficiency of some useful microorganisms);
- enzymatic deficiency in pancreatitis, pancreatic necrosis and against cholelithiasis, in which the outflow of pancreatic juice into the duodenum is disturbed;
- deficiency or vice versa, an excessive amount of coarse fiber in the diet;
- insufficient amount of drinking water consumed per day( there is a weakening of the mechanism of nerve impulse transmission, impaired peristalsis);
- stressful situations that disrupt the functioning of the autonomic nervous system and lead to numerous malfunctions in the functioning of the digestive system;
- change in internal pressure in the abdominal cavity due to the presence of excess weight: in this state, even when deviating from the normal body mass index by 5 points, there is a constant compression of the intestine, which provokes spastic syndrome and paralysis of peristalsis;
- transferred intestinal infections of viral and bacterial etiology( gastroenteritis, intestinal flu, dysentery, food poisoning, salmonellosis);
- helminthic invasion, as a result of which the products of vital activity of parasites are isolated, these are poisons and toxins that irritate the mucous membrane and are absorbed into the bloodstream;
- inadequate development of the abdominal musculature, which can provoke a violation of the position of the intestinal loops;
- violation of posture, osteochondrosis and herniation of the intervertebral disc in the lumbosacral region - there is a violation of the innervation of the abdominal organs and as a consequence, dysfunction;
- sedentary lifestyle and sedentary work.
All these factors can trigger the emergence of specific signs of disruption of the process of peristalsis, which is accompanied by pains, spasms, difficulty in acts of defecation, increased gas production.
Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea, flatulence and constipation
There are common symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, which are the deterioration of the patient's well-being. There is anxiety, irritability, decreased efficiency, muscle weakness, headaches. Local manifestations depend on the form of pathology.
Thus, irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea manifests itself in the form of seizures, which can last from 12 hours to 3 days. At this time, the patient experiences constant tenesmus( urges to act of defecation).In the process of emptying the rectum, a mushy stool with pieces of un-digested food is allocated. At the end of defecation, clear mucus can be released. Pains of a spastic nature, after visiting the toilet can persist.
The most common irritable bowel syndrome with flatulence, which occurs against a background of reduced peristalsis and a deficiency of digestive enzymes. The food is not digested, is exposed to the rotting process, against which the fermentation begins with the release of a large number of intestinal gases. The leading symptom here is abdominal bloating, regular and sometimes uncontrolled exhaustion of gases in a large volume.
The most severe condition causes irritable bowel syndrome with constipation, as a result of which foci of inflammation, atrophy of the mucous membrane and poisoning of the organism with poisons and toxins of endogenous nature can develop. It is accompanied by strong spasmodic pains. There is a feeling of a crowded large intestine. Peristalsis is reduced or absent altogether. In the long-term state there is a secondary expansion of veins in the cavity of the small pelvis, hemorrhoidal nodes develop which can lead to bleeding and anemia. How does the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome begin?
Modern medicine does not have adequate methods, which can be used to treat irritable bowel syndrome. To improve the patient's condition, alternative medicine techniques can be used that are aimed at improving the functioning of the autonomic nervous system. Some benefits come from acupuncture, massage, exercise therapy and herbal medicinal herbs. To medicamental methods of influence should be used as rarely as possible.It is worth paying attention to lifestyle changes. It is necessary to include active physical activity in your daily routine: it can be running, walking in the fresh air, gymnastic exercises, skiing, outdoor games.
A full night rest is required, which can not be less than 8 hours a day. Also important diet regime - food intake should be fractional and frequent, small equal portions. Restores drinking balance - a day you need to drink at least 2 liters of water.
In the diet include a large number of fresh, unprocessed high-temperature vegetables and fruits. Their amount should be at least 60% of the total mass of food consumed.
How to treat irritable bowel syndrome with drugs and medications?
Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome requires the restoration of the balance of the work of all digestive organs. Before treating irritable bowel syndrome, you must eliminate all possible causes of this condition.
The following preparations can be used for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome:
- antispasmodics( "Dyspatalinum", "Platifillin", "No-sppa", "Papaverin", "Drotaverin") with severe pain syndrome;
- enzyme preparations for the replacement of pancreatic insufficiency( Mezim-forte, Pansinorm, Creon 10 000);
- probiotics and preparations that repair the microflora( Wobenzym, Hilak-forte, Acidophilin);
- anti-inflammatory in diarrhea - "Enterofuril", "Furazolidon" »
- laxatives with constipation( " Bissakodil "," Sennade ", burnt magnesia and others);
- sorbents in meteorism( Smecta, Neosmectit, Activated Carbon).
Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome with drugs should be strictly controlled by the attending physician.