19Feb

Hepatic insufficiency: symptoms, causes and treatment

If a healthy person has a strong aversion to food, and drinking people and smokers began to abandon alcohol and cigarettes, the complexion changed, and there was swelling, one can judge about the disorder in the work of the liver. Diagnosis of hepatic insufficiency is carried out on the basis of the above symptoms with the use of ultrasound, blood tests, biopsy and other studies.

Risk factors and symptoms of liver failure

Hepatic insufficiency is a violation of one or more liver functions as a result of damage to its underlying tissue. It leads to disorders of metabolic processes and poisoning of the body with products of protein metabolism, which is accompanied by a violation of the central nervous system up to the development of the hepatic coma.

The causes of liver failure and risk factors for the disease are:

  • Acute liver failure can occur in severe forms of viral hepatitis, industrial poisoning( arsenic compounds), plant( inedible fungi) and other hepatotropic poisons, with blood transfusion incompatible and in a number of otherof cases.
  • Chronic liver failure occurs with the progression of many chronic liver diseases( cirrhosis, malignant tumors and others).
  • Fulminant( fulminant) liver failure can be the outcome of viral and autoimmune hepatitis, hereditary diseases( for example, Wilson-Konovalov's disease characterized by congenital disruption of copper metabolism).In 30% of cases, it is not possible to establish the cause of fulminant hepatic insufficiency.

Symptoms of liver failure are manifested as follows:

  • aversion to food, to alcohol( from people who drink earlier), to nicotine( in smokers);
  • lethargy, weakness, mood instability;
  • grayish or yellowish complexion;
  • night blindness;
  • menstrual cycle disorders in women, decreased libido in men;
  • tendency to bleeding, swelling;
  • instability of the psyche right up to mental disorders.

Diagnosis and treatment of hepatic insufficiency

Diagnosis of the disease:

  • general and biochemical blood tests;
  • urine analysis;
  • ultrasound and X-ray of abdominal organs;
  • radionuclide scanning of abdominal organs;
  • electroencephalogram;
  • biopsy of liver tissue.

Treatment of liver failure is carried out only in the hospital, because it is necessary to maintain the vital activity of the patient, aimed at restoring the functions of the liver, and at the same time to fight the underlying ailment that caused this condition.