Pancreatitis is a common disease, a successful treatment result can be achieved provided a special diet is observed. What are the main aspects of nutrition in this disease? Let's take a closer look. ..
- 1 Diet recommended for acute pancreatitis
- 1.1 10-15 day diets
- 2 Chronic pancreatitis. What should be food?
Diet recommended for acute pancreatitis
Pancreatitis is a common disease, a successful treatment result can be achieved provided a special diet is observed. The basic rules that are recommended to adhere to:
- give preference to foods with a high protein content, to minimize or eliminate completely carbohydrates and fats, especially sugar, in which 99% of carbohydrates are categorically not allowed to eat roast and products with coarse fiber;
- is recommended to take vitamins;
- take food should be 5-6 times during the day, in small portions.
When exacerbating two vessels, it is necessary to adhere to a rigid diet, you can drink exclusively mineral water and dog rose, the use of liquid is also limited: not more than 1.5 liters in equal portions - 5-6 times a day.
Beginning with the third day, low-calorie foods can be gradually introduced, while it should be refrained from salty, fatty, secretion-enhancing gastric juice, dishes that stimulate gas formation in the intestine.
It is allowed to take liquid food containing carbohydrates, it is necessary to prepare without adding salt, divided into 8 portions, which can be consumed at identical intervals. Positive effect on the body have juices, broth of black dogrose and black currant, honey, cranberry juice( containing vitamins).
The volume of liquid consumed during the day should not exceed 2.5 liters.
It is very important to accurately calculate the calories, on the fifth day the indicator should not exceed 800. The diet is replenished with vegetable and milk proteins( 15 g), carbohydrates( 200 g), and the consumption of fats should still be abstained.
On the seventh day the calorie content of food rises to 1000 per day. Gradually, depending on the patient's condition, proteins( within 50 g), carbohydrates( within 250 g), fats( 10 g) are injected. The ideal breakfast option is rice or semolina porridge, boiled on the water, with a small amount of fruit and sugar. The second breakfast can include carrot or mashed potatoes of a liquid consistency, a little fish and lean meat( within 50 g).
10-15 day diet
The menu can be described as follows:
- proteins - 60 g;
- fats - 20 g;
- carbohydrates - 300 g.
Dishes serve in ragged condition without addition of salt, daily norm divided into several receptions. Starting from the 16th day, the number of calories gradually increases:
- fats - 40 g;
- carbohydrates - 450 g;
- proteins - 100 g.
- increases the intake of vitamins.
After the disappearance of symptoms of an acute period, it is recommended to introduce vegetarian soups, low-fat fish and meat varieties, vegetables, cereals, fresh sour-milk products, honey, jam, juices into the diet. Positive action before going to bed is curdled and kefir, water with honey.
It is strictly forbidden to eat fried, smoked, fat, sour cream, buns, garlic, onions.
When pancreatitis in acute form, the diet should be observed for 6-12 months, depending on the individual characteristics of the patient. The patient's state of health depends on the diet, breakdowns can lead to a drastic deterioration in the condition. In addition, the use of prohibited products affects the functioning of the pancreas.
Chronic pancreatitis. What should be food?
Traditionally, the chronic form manifests itself on the form of an acute disease. However, there are cases when a chronic disease accompanies hepatitis, cirrhosis, duodenal pathology, alcoholism, allergy, etc.
Patient with chronic pancreatitis is recommended to use lean beef and pork, chicken, rabbit, turkey. Prohibited: goose, duck, fat pork, lamb. With frequent pains, all dishes are cooked exclusively for a couple or cooked, can not be baked and stewed.
It is very important to ensure the presence of a low content of fat in the diet, on which the full function of the liver depends, which is especially important for patients with pancreatitis. Preference should be given to home-made cottage cheese, the fat content in which largely benefits, compared with store.
Milk in its pure form is poorly digested, it can be added to cereals, soups. Milk lovers who normally tolerate it can drink no more than 0.5 glasses a day. Fermented milk products are easily digested and transferred. During the acute period, you can not eat cheese, especially spicy. Boiled eggs do not meet the requirements of the diet, you can cook for a couple omelettes, casseroles with the addition of protein.
Acceptable products containing vegetable proteins:
- yesterday's bread;
- oatmeal, buckwheat, semolina;
You can consume fats in the amount of 70 g( 80% - vegetable origin), in combination with other products. It is better not to consume butter in its pure form, add to porridge, vegetable is added under condition of normal tolerability. It is strictly forbidden to use cooking fats:
- pork and beef;
You can safely eat mango, rusks, pearl barley, buckwheat, pasta, the main condition - small portions. Regarding the choice of the vegetable menu, you can also afford the variety:
Vegetable and meat dishes are steamed or boiled. It is very useful to eat grated vegetables with the addition of a decoction of various groats.
The fruit menu should contain a minimum amount of acid. Ripe sweet fruits are consumed fresh, but preference should be given to casseroles and compote with their content. One of the most useful drink recommended by doctors is compote from dried fruits.
Sauces can also vary the supply. Provided the minimum salt content, lack of roasting.
There is a need to slowly, so it is much easier to prevent overeating, the amount of food consumed during the day should not exceed 2.5 kg( taking into account the liquid).It is necessary to get used to small portions, to eat food at the same time intervals.
The observance of the diet depends on the final result of the prescribed therapy, a disparaging attitude to nutrition does not allow to improve the well-being. As an example, you can bring the following menu, which can be adjusted depending on personal preferences.
- First breakfast: oatmeal with milk, soft tea, a piece of boiled meat.
- Second breakfast: steam omelet, dog rose.
- Lunch: vegetarian soup, steam cutlet, mashed potatoes, compote.
- Snack: sour-milk products.
- Dinner: steam fish, puree
- Before going to bed: a glass of kefir.
Of course, at first glance, such food may seem very "poor", but only adhering to the rules and restrictions, you can restore the functionality of such an important organ as the pancreas.
What should be a diet for pancreatitis, tell a video:
Tell a friend!