Headache is an extremely common problem, according to statistics, every person on average, once a month, suffers from another bout of unpleasant sensations. Such a prevalence is explained by one simple fact: there are a lot of causes of the problem, and therefore provocative factors. Depending on the nature of the pain and its location, doctors can determine the range of possible root causes. If the pain is characterized as shooting, and the focus is in the nape of the neck, then it speaks of neuralgia of the occipital nerve. Often this is a consequence of trauma and the formation of a neoplasm - such events can not only damage the vertebrae itself, but also harm the nerve roots, which provokes attacks of severe pain. The problem can not be allowed to drift, as in addition to intensifying and increasing pains, this can result in the destruction of the nerves in the nape of the neck, the consequences of which are difficult to predict( often this results in loss of visual function).We will find out what the specifics of the problem are and how to deal with it.
- 1 Neuralgia of the occipital nerve - the root cause of the problem
- 3 Symptoms of the disease
- 3 Diagnosis and traditional treatment
- 4 Folk methods for neuralgia of the occipital nerve
- 4.1 Folk remedies in the photo
Neuralgia of the occipital nerve - the root cause of the problem
Depending on what exactly caused the disease,specialists divide it into two general types:
- is a primary form that does not have clear prerequisites for its development;
- and the secondary form, which is the result of mechanical action on the site( it can be provided from outside as well as from the inside, for example a growing tumor).
Pain in neuralgia is directly related to contractile movements of the muscles, and very often the disease is confused with migraine, being taken for self-medication. It is worthwhile to understand that in these two situations the mechanisms of appearance of unpleasant sensations are different, and therefore the approach to their treatment should be different, not to mention the need for a professional treatment complex.
The reasons for the primary form can not be described, because at the moment they are unexplored, therefore, we consider the possible causes of secondary neuralgia of the occipital nerve:
- traumatic injury as a result of mechanical impact on this part of the spine from the outside;
- diseases of the intervertebral disc, progressive in the cervical region;
- compression of the occipital nerves, which occurs due to the presence of degenerative processes in the spine;
- presence of an infectious disease in the body;
- deposits of uric acid salts, in other words - gout;
- inflammation of the circulatory system;
- is also a group of people at high risk who suffer from diabetes mellitus;
- tumors that have affected the nerve roots of the cervical spine or the brain;
- prolonged muscular tension of neck and shoulder girdle. Usually this occurs in people who have been in a static state for a long time - the overstretched muscles simply squeeze the occipital nerve ;
- hypothermia of the occipital nerve;
- systemic lupus erythematosus also can trigger neuralgia.
Symptoms of the disease
The main symptom of neuralgia of the occipital nerve is a headache that occurs suddenly during neck movements. Often the pain occurs only on one side, but bilateral injuries also occur. The nature of pain - the so-called sharp "chamber", which arises and disappears unexpectedly for the patient.
Note the localization of the headache - with neuralgia of the occipital nerve, it has its own characteristics. Usually unpleasant sensations are behind the ears, in the nape of the neck and often in the eye area.
Among other things, there can be unpleasant sensations, even from a banal touch to the scalp. During movements, coughing and sneezing, sensations are greatly enhanced. Neuralgia can also be accompanied by other symptoms that are not mandatory:
- bright light causes pain in the eyes;
- pain can also have a burning and pulsating nature;
- directly in the affected area( at the back of the head), there may be a decrease in sensation when touched;
- , so-called goosebumps, numbness, or redness of the skin can appear in the place of pain localization;
- attack of pain can accompany with vomiting and vomiting.
The problem is indicated by the fact of periodic recurrence of seizures, so if this happens, you should immediately go to the hospital.
Diagnosis and traditional treatment of
The correct diagnosis can be made by the doctor on the basis of the patient's complaints, the data of his examination, as well as the results of computed tomography( gives the opportunity to obtain an image of each layer of the desired site), MRI( examination of the bone and soft tissue) or radiology(assessment of bone structures in the affected area).
Doctors are struggling with neuralgia with complex methods, trying to influence both the cause and the symptoms. Obviously, if the root cause is not eliminated, then it will be virtually impossible to get rid of the problem, so first of all, therapy adequate to the provocateur factor is carried out. The main task of symptomatic treatment is the removal of pain that greatly worsens and complicates the patient's life. For this, the following methods can be used:
- observing proper rest mode;
- massage procedures;
- use of drugs( muscle relaxants, anticonvulsant, antiepileptic drugs with very intense pain, antidepressants).
Recently, the method of blockade of nerves is often used. It involves the use of anti-inflammatory steroid drugs, which in a few minutes can remove the pain. But this is used in extreme cases and for a short time, since drugs of this kind can harm the body.
Also for the treatment of neuralgia of the occipital nerve, a doctor can be prescribed acupuncture, manual therapy, ultrasound therapy, therapeutic gymnastics.
Folk methods for neuralgia of the occipital nerve
Neuralgia of the occipital nerve is also treated with folk remedies, without neglecting the basic rule - before using any medication you need to consult a doctor. Several effective ways are described:
- baths with herbs. To conduct the water procedure in the water, add a decoction of oregano, thyme and peppermint( the herbs should be taken in equal proportions).The duration of one session is no more than 10 minutes. It is important that the water is not too hot or cold( hypothermia can significantly aggravate the situation);
- to the sore spot, you can attach a chicken egg, cooked and cut into halves;
- for lotions you can use decoction from the buds of black poplar( per liter of water you need 3 tablespoons of the drug);
- a pack of raw potatoes, onions and pickles, infused with water-diluted wine vinegar;
- inside is recommended to take infusion from the open lumbago - during the day you need to drink no more than 50 milliliters;
- infusion of herbs of common yarrow( tablespoon before meals, 4 times a day).
Folk remedy on the photo
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A competent combination of traditional and traditional medicine will enable you to get the desired healing most quickly.