Bacteria live next to us. Rather, they appeared much earlier than us and, perhaps, gave life to mankind. Now we divide them into many different groups, because scientists studying the microcosm are constantly exploring these tiny inhabitants of the earth. For example, enterobacter is a group of bacteria that "live" not only in the external environment, but also in the human body.
- A bit of history
- Enterobacter family
- Diseases and enterobacter
- Antibiotics in the fight for health
A bit of history
We all heard that bacteria are Gram-positive and Gram-negative. But the absolute majority of people who are far from medicine do not know what these "gram +" and "gram" mean. It turns out that + and - is the ability of bacteria to stain or unpainted with special substances in certain types of analyzes. This method of research was proposed back in 1884 by bacteriologist Hans Christian Joachim Gram( Hans Christian Joachim Gram).He was a subject of the Danish Kingdom, graduating from the University of Copenhagen, where he studied botany. After graduating from university, Gram traveled a lot around the countries of Europe. In the beginning of 1880 he stopped in Berlin, which became the city of discovery of the method of differential coloring of bacteria. This method of determining the type of bacteria is used to this day. A small video will allow you to look into the world of microorganisms
The enterobacteria family, which is a fairly large group of these microorganisms, includes a separate genus enterobacter, which are gram-negative( ie, not stained by the G.-Gram method) bacteria. By the way, enterobacter is bacilli, i.e.rod-shaped bacteria. Their length is from 1 to 5 microns, as these bacteria have special flagella - "a kind of vehicle."
Enterobacter bacteria belong to facultative anaerobes.
What does this mean? They can live and reproduce without access to oxygen, i.e.they are anaerobes. But oxygen will not interfere with their full energy cycle. That's why they are facultative anaerobes.
To date, microbiologists have identified 15 species of enterobacter. This family of bacteria also applies to coliform bacteria.those.living in the lower parts of the gastrointestinal tract of warm-blooded animals and humans. These bacteria enter the ground, water with fecal masses. In common parlance they are called intestinal chopsticks, and their quantity in the environment is used to determine the sanitary state.
Diseases and enterobacter
Like most bacteria, enterobacter bacteria are conventionally pathogenic. After all, they are present in the healthy microflora of the intestine of humans and some animals, without interfering with the body's ability to exercise its vital functions. But it is worth breaking the optimal balance, as enterobacter causes not a few diseases that can become a serious enough threat not only to health, but also to a person's life. This is, first of all, infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Some varieties of enterobacter can cause inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract and kidney, genital tract and organs. Cystitis, cervicitis, pyelonephritis can develop against the background of pathogenic reproduction of enterobacteria. Also, these microorganisms cause pus-inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, for example, pneumonia. Infectious-inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in most cases are caused precisely by bacteria of the enterobacter family. They can cause the development of inflammation on the site of wound injuries of the skin.
Antibiotics in the struggle for health
Why are these microorganisms so dangerous? As is known, not the bacteria themselves, but the products of their vital activity, harm human health. They produce toxins, which in large numbers become the pathogenic cause that affects the health status. Especially the products of the vital activity of enterobacter bacteria are dangerous for young children and weakened patients, whose immunity can not fully combat the bacteria that caused the disease.help the body to fight the cause of any infection and inflammation called for special drugs that are combined in a group of antibiotics. But you can not self-medicate!after all only the competent doctor can establish the reason of disease, and appoint the preparation, capable to cope with those bacteria which have caused illness. In addition, we should not forget that antibiotics "kill" not only bacteria that have become pathogenic under certain conditions, but also microorganisms that are needed by the human body.it is on the basis of misdiagnosed or accepted antibiotics that I develop a condition such as dysbiosis.
Take care and be healthy!
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