Why do the feet hurt?
The causes of pain in the feet are many. When diagnosing the disease, the nature of pain and its localization play a large role. Pain syndrome can cover the entire foot or some part of it. Therefore, to give an exact answer to the question, why the feet ache, only the doctor will be able to after the questioning and examination of the patient.
Common causes of
Diffuse type feet in the area of the feet in most cases occur against the background of overstrain of the legs. In this case, they are most often observed during a race or a walk. The appearance of such pain in the feet is associated with a deficiency of calcium in the body.
Also often pain symptoms in the foot area can be observed with such diseases as rickets, osteomalacia, osteoporosis. The main symptom of these pathologies is the pain that appears with a slight pressure on the bones.
Pain may also occur due to the immobile condition of the legs for a long time. In this case, the appearance of pain syndrome is caused by the atrophy of ligaments and muscles. As a rule, such pains disappear quickly, it is only necessary for a person to move.
It is also worth noting that the feet are sore and as a result of rapid weight gain.
This is due to the sharp and heavy load on the locomotor apparatus.
In addition, often the pain in the feet is caused by a disease such as osteoporosis, which inflames the bones, joints and surrounding soft tissue. With the treatment of this disease should not be delayed, since it can lead to a complete loss of motor function.
Other causes of
In the event that the pain is observed in a specific area of the foot, then the cause is different diseases. As a rule, during their diagnosis, the doctor performs palpation of the foot, which helps to determine the nature of the pain( according to the patient's reaction and description), as well as the exact location of the localization.
This disease is accompanied by a sensation of pain in the arch of the foot and heel. It becomes more intense after awakening, when a person tries to get out of bed.
Plantar fasciitis occurs as a result of pronation( turning the foot inside), which is formed due to stretching of the ligaments, wearing uncomfortable shoes, strong physical exertion and running.
If for a long time not to treat this disease, against its background is a complication - heel spur, which is characterized by the appearance of a bone protrusion. This protrusion prevents normal movement and is almost not treatable.
Damage to nerve endings
This condition can also provoke pain in the foot area. Most often, nerve damage occurs against the background of arthritis, impaired blood circulation and changes in the shape of metatarsal bones.
This condition can also provoke bursitis and age-related changes in the body, which are characterized by a decrease in the damping function of the fat layer in the region of the heads of metatarsal bones.
Foot injuries can also result from the development of a benign tumor of neural tissue or neuroma. The latter is most often observed in women and is accompanied by burning, tingling and pain in the area of the index fingers.
The reasons for the development of the neuromus have not been fully understood. However, experts suggest that her appearance provokes wearing high-heeled shoes.
The pain syndrome in the foot area may occur against the background of her traumatic injury. For example, a dislocation of the Lisfranc joint or bones of the metatarsal. In this case, the patient has severe pain, changes in the shape of the foot and its expansion. With an external examination of the damaged foot during dislocation, you can see a small protrusion, which in its appearance resembles a step.
When the dislocation of the joint of Chopar dislocates, there is a sharp pain when trying to turn the foot. There is observed edema and worsening of blood circulation in the tissues. When such a trauma is received, the patient should be urgently hospitalized and have an operation to correct the dislocation.
Often severe pain in the foot area occurs with the subtalar dislocation of the calcaneus. This trauma is accompanied by a rupture of ligaments, a sharp pain and a change in the shape of the foot.
It should also be noted separately dislocation of the ankle, which in medical practice occurs most often. With this dislocation, the foot is deformed and the swelling of its back is observed.
This is one of the most common causes of the onset of pain in the foot. With flatfoot, the arch of the foot falls and the loss of its damping function is lost. All this leads to aching pain in the legs, which are observed not only with walking or physical exertion, but also in a state of complete rest.
Many people mistakenly assume that flat feet is a congenital disease. However, as practice shows, this pathology in 90% of cases is acquired and it occurs against the background of uneven distribution of the load on the body, for example, when carrying heavy bags, or when developing rickets.
The most common form of pathology is found in people whose professional activity is associated with a long standing. In addition, the appearance of flat feet can provoke excessive body weight.
This disease is especially common among middle-aged men. Unfortunately, scientists have not yet succeeded in establishing the exact reasons for its development. However, they established some connection between the appearance of erythromelalgia and the overheating of the extremities.
The main symptoms of this disease - burning, acute pain and redness of the foot. All these unpleasant feelings can bother the patient for several years, but sometimes they lead to a sharp deterioration of the condition, which often becomes the cause of disability.
Characteristic sign of erythromelalgia - pain is eliminated almost immediately, after applying a cold compress to the pain site.
Soft tissue damage
Quite often patients get complaints about the appearance of pain in the foot. During the external examination, they are found plantar warts, bursitis, calluses and other growths that prevent normal walking.
In this case, a procedure is necessary to remove neoplasms on the skin. For this laser therapy is very suitable. It is painless and gives quick results.
What if my feet hurt?
Pain in the feet can occur for various reasons, among which there are serious diseases of the musculoskeletal system, as we have already seen. Therefore, self-medication does not make sense, since it simply will not give positive results.
At home, to eliminate pain, you can use relaxing baths and treat the affected areas of the foot with anesthetic topical medications. But again, only a doctor should prescribe them. After all, all medicines have their side effects and contraindications. Some of them even have age limits and can cause an allergic reaction.
In addition, during periods of exacerbation of pain it is recommended to reduce physical activity and more to be in a horizontal position, so that the legs and muscles "rest".Also, you should not wear shoes with high heels.
It should also be noted that when you have pain in your feet, nutrition of the patient is important. In its diet must prevail raw vegetables and fruits, as well as foods rich in calcium and vitamin B12.You can start taking vitamin complexes, but this should be done only after consulting a doctor.
Remember that in most cases the appearance of pain in the feet is associated with the development of serious diseases that require an individual approach to treatment. Inaction can lead to serious health complications and even disability.
Therefore, if your feet are sore, be sure to visit a doctor. Be sure to tell him about the intensity of pain, duration, location of localization. If you are beset with pain syndrome in the feet of other discomforts( itching, burning, rash, weakness, edema, etc.), they should also be told to the doctor. Based on the data and results of the survey from you, he will be able to make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment.