Strongly hurt legs: what can "tell" the pain in the legs?
Many believe that the appearance of pain in the legs is associated with severe physical exertion or age-related changes in the body. Perhaps this is so. But often the legs hurt completely for other reasons.
The lower limbs of a person, they are legs, have a complex structure. They consist of muscles, bones, joints and other structures. All of them are permeated with nerve endings, so the appearance of a pain syndrome may indicate a violation of one of them. Any inflammatory processes can provoke the appearance of pain of a different nature - aching, acute, blunt, etc.
Some diseases pose a great threat to a person and the quality of his life. Therefore, do not neglect such "signals" of your body. And if you have severe pain in the legs for unknown reasons, immediately run to the doctor. And now we suggest that you consider the most common diseases that signal such a symptom of yourself so that you understand the seriousness of the situation and not leave it for later.
The main causes of foot pain
Pain in the legs can also appear in a perfectly healthy person. Their occurrence is most often associated with severe physical exertion or prolonged sitting. In women, this symptom occurs during pregnancy and after wearing high-heeled shoes.
As a rule, such a pain quickly disappears and does not bother a person for more than 2-3 days. If the pain syndrome is manifested systematically, then, for sure, there is a place to be pathological disorders in the body. An example of this are:
- degenerative-dystrophic diseases( flat feet, arthrosis, etc.);
- tunnel syndrome;
- violation of water-salt metabolism and others.
The most common cause of leg pain is vascular changes in the lower limbs. They are divided into arterial, venous and lymphatic.
Foot pains can be caused by the following diseases:
- thrombosis and embolism;
- obliterans thromboangiitis and endarteritis.
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaques form on the inner walls of the arteries, leading to narrowing of the lumen. When a person is at rest, the arterial circulation is at the proper level. But under the condition of physical activity, the muscles begin to experience oxygen starvation, to which they respond with a pain syndrome. In addition to the pain syndrome in this disease, patients have convulsions, weakness and a sense of heaviness in the lower extremities. They begin to worry about the pallor of the skin and the coldness of the legs. With atherosclerosis, the pulse is not probed.
There is a risk of formation of trophic ulcers and gangrene foci, so this disease must be treated as soon as the first signs of the disease appear.
Obliterating endarteritis affects small arteries of the legs. Unlike the first disease, which develops gradually, the endarteritis is characterized by a wavy course. Clinical manifestations of this disease are the same as in atherosclerosis.
Obliterating thromboangiitis affects exclusively the lower extremities, and in symmetrical order. There is also pain in the legs, heaviness and lameness. But embolism and thrombosis of the arteries are manifested by numbness of the lower limbs and can provoke paralysis. It is important not to miss the moment and begin treatment of the disease in time. If it begins to occur in the early stages of development, the patient will have every chance of a full recovery without any complications.
There are many diseases of the veins. But it is pain syndrome accompanied by the following diseases:
- varicose veins;
- phlebitis and thrombophlebitis;
- postthrombophlebitic syndrome.
With varicose veins, a high pressure arises that disrupts the outflow of blood and the operation of the valves. As a result, stagnation occurs in the veins and it begins to swell. In addition to the pain syndrome with this disease, blue sinuous veins appear on the legs, which are clearly visible to the naked eye.
Phlebitis is a disease in which an inflammatory process in the veins occurs. A thrombophlebitis is a complication of this disease, which is characterized by the appearance of thrombus in sore veins. With these diseases, patients often complain of severe swelling of the legs and pain.
Post-thrombophlebitic syndrome is observed quite often in those people who previously suffered vein thrombosis. This disease is accompanied by a strong swelling of the legs and pain syndrome. They are quickly eliminated when the person takes a horizontal position and lifts the legs above the level of the head.
Diseases of the lymph nodes
This can be attributed to two diseases, which are characterized by the appearance of pain in the legs. It is lymphadenitis and lymphangitis. The first condition is caused by inflammation of the lymph nodes, and the second - by the lymphatic vessels.
The occurrence of these diseases is quite often associated with the penetration of staphylococci into the body. They penetrate into it from the skin and begin to lead an active life, thereby provoking the development of the inflammatory process.
Treatment and prevention of pain in the legs
Remember that you can not endure the pain in your legs. After all, it can indicate the development of one of the abovementioned diseases. Treatment in each specific case is made on an individual basis, depending on the cause of the onset of pain, the general condition of the patient and his age.
In some cases, patients manage to get rid of the disease by using anti-inflammatory drugs for external and internal use. But with severe illnesses, doctors often resort to surgery.
Sometimes the treatment of diseases of the arteries, veins or lymph nodes requires the use of physiotherapy, magnetotherapy, laser therapy, cryotherapy, etc.
But it is always easier to prevent a disease than to eliminate it. Therefore, every person should know how to do this.
- Proper power is required. The diet should contain food, which will fully provide the body with all the necessary minerals and vitamins. This will help strengthen the blood vessels and arteries, as well as improve blood circulation and metabolic processes.
- Need to get rid of extra pounds. They lead to a large load on the lower limbs, which often leads to the development of the above-described diseases. If you have extra weight, do not stick to strict diets. In this case, the vitamin diet is ideal. It will help you to normalize weight and at the same time will prevent the development of vitamin deficiency.
- Go in for sports. It also has a beneficial effect on vascular tone and blood circulation. You can go in for swimming, cycling, arrange regular walks, etc.
- Do not wear tight clothes and shoes with high heels.
All these activities are aimed at improving the condition of arteries and veins in the legs. If, after all, it happened that you "met" with any described disease, then you should trust the doctor completely and completely. Do not engage in self-medication, as it will not lead to anything good.