Why do bruises appear on their own?
The bruise is not the most pleasant phenomenon. Its appearance looks like a dark spot, which is also accompanied in some cases by a pain syndrome. The main cause of this ailment is a soft tissue injury that results in damage to the capillaries located near the skin. In this case, cold compresses and ointments( for example, tractivasin) are required.
But there are also cases when bruises appear on their own feet and other parts of the body. How to be in this situation? Immediately go to the doctor!because such a symptom can indicate the development of various diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidneys, liver and other internal organs.
Causes of bruising on the legs
Nothing is groundless in our body. Therefore, it is required to carefully read the true causes of bruising on the lower limbs, most of which, unfortunately, are pathological.
It should be noted at once that in fully healthy women who do not have complaints about their health, the appearance of bruises on their legs is not associated with the development of pathological processes. Especially, it concerns women with very thin and light skin integuments. Bruises can be observed even with minor bruises and injuries, which women themselves may not notice, but the body remains.
In some cases, bruises on the legs may appear as a result of prolonged use of certain drugs, for example, acetylsalicylic acid. It contributes to the deterioration of blood clotting, as a result of which hemorrhages appear under the skin.
It should also be noted that in addition to acetylsalicylic acid, bruises can also appear as a result of taking antipyretic and analgesic drugs. Therefore, they should not be abused.
To provoke the appearance of bruises on the legs, various leg diseases can also occur. In addition to these, on the lower limbs, there may be "stars" and nodules. As a rule, such diseases are accompanied by severe pain in the legs, which intensifies towards evening.
Vein diseases require urgent treatment. Do not take any measures in this case yourself, as this can lead to various complications. If you have the above symptoms, you need to contact the phlebologist.
It is possible to detect the presence of complications by passing an ultrasound examination of the vessels of the legs. If the disease is detected, the physician is assigned individual treatment, which may include:
- wearing compression knitwear;
- taking medications that increase the tone of the veins;
- sclerotherapy, during which there is an intravenous injection of special medications that promote the gluing of blood vessels.
Unfortunately, sclerotherapy does not help get rid of the disease. It only helps to eliminate the symptoms, that is, bruises and "stars".
Operative methods can also be used for the treatment of venous diseases. But resort to them, as a rule, only in severe cases.
When the bruise on the leg appears on its own, this is a worrying sign indicating the depletion of the vessel walls, as a result of which they become brittle and brittle. Most often, this problem occurs during periods of avitominosis, when the body begins to experience a deficiency of vitamins and minerals.
It is for this reason that in the autumn and spring it is recommended to additionally take vitamin complexes, as well as to eat fruits that are high in vitamin C.
To receive vitamin complexes, follow the instructions provided. After all, an overabundance of vitamins and minerals can also lead to various health problems.
It should be noted that the fragility of the vessels is often observed precisely in the presence of deficiency of selenium, cobalt and calcium in the body. Therefore, it is necessary to revise your diet well and include in it more fresh fruits and vegetables. This will help reduce the risk of bruising on the body in the future. Blood Diseases
These pathologies are rare, but they can also trigger bruising on the legs and body. If you underwent a complete medical examination that did not reveal varicose veins or other pathologies, it is likely that the cause of bruising of the body lies precisely in such serious diseases.
As a rule, these pathologies are accompanied by poor healing of wounds and abrasions, even the smallest. When blood diseases are detected, a person needs to take care of his body and maintain the state of the body with the help of special medications.
The liver is the most functional organ that participates in more than 500 processes occurring in the body, including homeostasis( blood coagulability).That is why, for any violations of the functionality of this organ, the blood becomes diluted and bruises occur, which we can observe in the form of bruises.
In severe liver pathologies, bruises can appear not only on the legs, but also on other parts of the body, even on the face. In this case, the skin becomes an unhealthy yellow shade. It is impossible to leave such diseases without attention, since as they develop, they can lead not only to subcutaneous hemorrhage, but also internal, which in some cases results in a fatal outcome.
Therefore, if there is a primary manifestation of symptoms of impaired liver function, you should immediately seek help from a doctor.
What if there are always bruises on my feet without a reason?
In the event that you have identified pathologies that lead to the formation of bruises on your legs, then first of all you need to deal with their treatment. At home, you can take various measures to help prevent subcutaneous hemorrhage.
All your measures should be aimed at improving blood circulation and optimizing the pressure on the vessels. And for this you can take the following:
- Increase physical activity. If you regularly organize walks for yourself, engage in easy gymnastics or fitness, then you can contribute to strengthening the vessels. In the event that your professional activity requires a long stay in a sitting position, then you should periodically take breaks and knead your leg muscles.
- Regularly do foot massage. This procedure is easy to perform and can be easily carried out at home. To do this, it is required to apply any cream on the skin of the legs and massage it from the knee area to the hip and from the lower leg to the upper part of the foot with gentle massage movements.
- Wear only comfortable shoes. Avoid high-heeled shoes and tight stockings that lead to a disruption in blood circulation.
- Eat right. It is important to include in your diet more fruits and vegetables, which contain many vitamins and minerals. They will help strengthen the walls of blood vessels and prevent the appearance of bruises on the legs.
- Do not carry heavy bags.
- Do not exercise force.
- If you have excess weight, stick to a low-calorie diet, which will help to reduce body weight and reduce the burden on the body.
When there are bruises on the legs for no reason, you should regularly take contrast baths. They contribute to hardening of the skin, making them more resistant to various kinds of effects. In this case, the walls of the capillaries become stronger and cease to be brittle and brittle.
For this procedure, you need cold and hot water. Since it is a question of the feet, it is better to use a shower jet. First rinse them with cold water, and after hot. So alternate the effect of replaceable temperatures for 5-10 minutes.
After carrying out a contrast shower, it is recommended to lubricate the skin of the legs with ointment, which has a strengthening effect. In this case, you can use the gel "Lyoton 1000" or "Traxivasin ointment".
Follow this procedure daily until the problem stops worrying you. It will be good if after a contrast bath you will do a foot massage.
Traditional bruising treatment for bruises
All of the above measures are designed to prevent the appearance of bruises on the body. But to accelerate the healing of existing bruises, you can with the help of traditional medicine.
For this, you can take an aloe leaf, cut it along and attach it to the bruise. For convenience, it can be fixed with a bandage or a wide patch, since keeping the aloe should be for several hours. And for the best effect, it's best to leave it all night.
The usual potatoes also help to deal with bruises well. Take a couple of potatoes of small size and boil them until ready, without cleaning. Then mash the cooked potatoes and add to it a few spoons of honey and wheat flour.
Blind from the resulting mass cake. And while it is not completely cooled down, attach it to the damaged area. It is recommended to keep such a compress from 6 to 10 hours.
Remember that bruising always has a cause. Therefore, if they often appear on their feet or other parts of the body, it is necessary to urgently seek help from a doctor and undergo a thorough medical examination for pathology.