Human skin and mucosa are dotted with hundreds of microorganisms. They are even larger than the human cells. Microbial diversity in the amount of 60% has a gastrointestinal tract of man.
- 1 Good and bad bacteria
- 2 Signs and symptoms of dysbiosis in babies
- 3 Causes of dysbiosis in babies
- 4 Types of dysbiosis in babies
- 5 Diagnostics dysbiosis
- 6 Than to treat goiter baby
- 6.1 bifidobacteria and lactobacilli
- 6.2 more about prebiotics and probiotics
- 7 Preventionand correction of nutrition of nursing mothers to maintain a healthy baby microflora
Good and harmful bacteria
But in the kingdomsThe microorganism of the intestine, unfortunately, included not only the composition of beneficial bacteria, such as: bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, intestinal rods, bacteriogens-both neutral and harmful inhabitants joined in.
The life of neutral bacteria such as: peptostreptococcus, clostridia, staphylococcus, proteus, klebsiel, valyllon, does not give the body neither bad nor good. And "bad" microorganisms cause significant damage. And a happy time when the baby only came into the world and she and her mom spend time at home, may be clouded by his unexpected deterioration in health.
An important problem, which always stirs the parents of the newborn remains the state of his digestive organs. When the baby begins to restlessly behave, he has intestinal colic, constipation, hypovitaminosis, then parents begin to sound the alarm. And it is right. Because such manifestations are similar to dysbiosis.
Manifestations and symptoms of dysbiosis in infants
- The child stops recovering. He loses his weight.
- Skin changes. The skin becomes dry. Redness and peeling are noticeable. Even the corners of the lips are prone to crackling of the skin.
- There is a manifestation of allergic dermatitis, thrush or stomatitis on the mucosa.
- The appetite is reduced or not at all.
- The baby begins to suck badly. May, after the beginning of feeding, give up breast.
- Babies show constipation.
- The multiplicity is multiplied and the consistency of the stool varies.
- Watery and green feces appear with slices of mucus and bloody veins and an unpleasant odor.
- The baby belches or vomits.
- Feel putrid odor with increased release of gases.
- There is an increase in salivation.
- There are signs of flatulence, bloating and pain in it.
- Begins often to cry, to be nervous, to bend the legs.
- Suffers colds of various kinds and intestinal infections.
Causes of dysbiosis in infants
A newly born child has a sterile intestine. There are no bacteria in it. All microorganisms are colonized through the maternal pathways, when labor occurs.
The outside world meets a child with a huge number of bacteria. They are in the air, on the hands of doctors, on clothes on the body of the mother.
At the beginning of the baby's life the microflora has different organisms. Gradually it becomes normal. Thanks to the action of mother's milk, which has all the necessary components for growth. About a week later, bifidobacteria appear in the intestines of the baby, and by the month of birth of the baby - lactobacilli. They are observed from 90 to 95% in the intestinal microflora. This is a unified ecological system. And in the event of its imbalance, dysbacteriosis appears.
- Absence or insufficient quantity of some kind of bacteria.(which, in turn, leads to intestinal disorders, impaired immunity, metabolic disorders, the development of food allergies and rickets).
- If the nursing mother was forced to take antibiotics.
Pathology was observed during childbirth.
- In case of late attachment of the baby to the breast due to prolonged stay in the maternity hospital.
- Physiological immaturity of the intestine.
- Small pustular infection.
- Disturbance of intestinal absorption.
- Weakened immunity.
- Early artificial feeding.
- Frequent acute viral diseases.
Independently to parents experiments on the child to spend it is not necessary, in occasion of selection of a medical preparation which will approach the kid. For this, there are doctors.
Types of dysbacteriosis in infants
Dysbacteriosis has 2 types:
The baby's microflora has been formed since his birth. With a compensated form, the presence of dysbacteriosis can be detected only with the delivery of stool. Outwardly, clinically, it does not appear. The child feels well.
With dysbacteriosis in infants, a decrease in the number of beneficial bacteria is observed.
And "neutral", "bad" bacteria, on the contrary, begin to colonize the body. Although, sometimes, and it is traced quite often, dysbiosis is a temporary ailment. Because the action of beneficial microorganisms is restored to equilibrium. But there are cases when certain medications are required.
Uncompensated dysbiosis has all the clinical signs. About them it was spoken above. In this case, it is urgent to treat the baby. The most effective treatment is breastfeeding. If there is no possibility to breastfeed, then it is necessary to use adapted mixtures that are endowed with protective factors. When taking such medications, a medical consultation is required.
Diagnosis of dysbacteriosis
The correct diagnosis will be after a laboratory diagnosis. To make the correct diagnosis, several methods of analysis are used:
- Fecal analysis for conditionally pathogenic flora
- Fecal analysis for dysbiosis
To reveal how the components of food are digested by the intestines of the baby, make a photocopy. To recognize the level of neutral bacteria, the second method is used. And to determine the number of normal and conditionally pathogenic zones and sensitivity to drugs, do the third analysis.
The feces of the child for analysis should only be collected. It should not be stored in the open air for a long time. The amount of it for the analysis is from 5 to 10 grams. When the feces are given for dysbiosis, it is advisable not to give the child, at this time, preparations of normal flora. The attending physician will give advice on this matter. After examining the stool tests, a diagnosis is made and treatment begins.
Than treating the baby's dysbiosis
The best treatment is breast milk. It contains all the substances that help the body grow and prevent the development of harmful bacteria. If the child develops normally, and even if there are lumps in the child's chair, a small amount of mucus or greens, he should not be treated. But with the manifestation of the symptoms listed above, you need to seek help from medicine.
At the first stage of treatment the growth of pathogenic organisms is suppressed. That is, these unnecessary organisms either are completely removed, or reduce their number. To do this, there are specific viruses. They are harmful to a certain type of bacteria, without touching other, necessary "good" bacteria. Such viruses are "tamed".Their effect is on conditionally pathogenic and pathogenic bacteria.
If a child has a serious case of illness, then doctors can prescribe antibiotics.
Antimicrobial therapy is combined with sorbents. Sorbents help to bind and remove unnecessary bacteria. During this period, the child is treated with enzyme preparations. They will help the baby to digest and suck food.
The second stage is the colonization of healthy flora in the microorganism of the intestine. In addition to prebiotics, which help to assimilate and reproduce a healthy microflora, the probiotics are prescribed by the doctor. They activate the processes in the intestine, develop a useful microflora. There is a concentration of amino acids, fatty and dairy.
Bifido- and lactobacilli
These are living microorganisms: bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, E. coli, and also the products of their vital activity, which help them to successfully settle in the intestines. This application of biologically active drugs with live bifido and lactobacilli and fermented milk mixtures. They are non-pathogenic: they do not have the properties of disease. Microorganisms colonize the gastrointestinal tract to have a positive effect.
Bifidobacteria and lactobacilli constitute 90% of the whole intestinal flora. Probiotics are inhabited by all fermented "live" foods.
Bifidobacteria are a special kind of bacteria that colonize the large intestine. Their main purpose lies in the utilization and purification of the body. When there is no normal amount of bifidobacteria in a baby, then persistent constipation begins to develop. Bifidobacteria help to produce a substance that stimulates the contractile activity of the intestine.
Lactobacilli include acidophilin rods. These are the most studied lactobacilli. It is thanks to him, the child's immunity rises, because their life activity is comprehensive. The intestine, stomach, and saliva contain lactobacilli. Dysbacteriosis, which was detected as a result of clinical and laboratory methods, should be treated in a complex and consistent manner.
Diseases Infants can be appointed by the attending physician:
Dufalac is prescribed by the doctor with severe constipation. It is a brake on the growth of pathogenic organisms and facilitates the normal development of important and beneficial intestinal bacteria. Linex appoint if there is a dilution of the stool. Enterol eliminates the activity of Candida fungus in the intestine.
In the treatment of dysbacteriosis, patience and understanding are necessary, both for the doctor and for the parents. If the doctor correctly prescribes treatment, and the parents strictly adhere to the treatment of the child, then in a few months the results will be visible. But with the first result, do not relax. Be sure to complete the full course of treatment. Inclusion in the treatment of multivitamin preparations, in which there are mineral supplements, can also give a definite result.
More about prebiotics and probiotics
Prebiotics are an inanimate substance that feeds microorganisms. That is, microorganisms use it for body growth. It is capable of fermentation.
Here are its types:
Thus, for probiotics, the role of useful living organisms for colon colonization is assigned. And for prebiotics - the role of nutrition of these microorganisms.
Prevention and correction of nutrition of nursing mothers to maintain a healthy baby microflora
A future mother needs to eat foods that contain a lot of fiber. In the daily menu lay culinary dishes from bran, oatmeal. There are salads dressed with vegetable oils. Apples, apricots, grapefruits, black currants.
Try to attach to the breast of a newborn baby as early as possible and feed the baby naturally for a long time. A rational balanced diet for mothers should be present after delivery. It is necessary to use coarse fiber, to stimulate peristalsis and to develop a useful microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. Also there are bran, muesli, porridge from buckwheat and rice, flour products from a flour of a rough grinding. Eat fresh and raw vegetables and fruits, preferably grown in the native region, sour-milk and dairy products, meat, fish, poultry, eggs. And only 5% - sweets and fats.
It is very important to preserve microorganisms in the child's gastrointestinal tract. They are engaged in lining the mucosa of internal organs, thereby creating obstacles for pathogens. They control the process of digestion and absorption of food, monitor the absorption of micro- and macro elements into the body.
If the child has a normal microflora, then his immunity will be strong - with normal functioning of the body stimulates immunocompetent cells and prevents the development of food allergies.
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