Pancronecrosis is recognized by specialists as one of the most serious diseases that can affect the pancreas. As a rule, it is a complication of the acute form of pancreatitis, and sometimes occurs as one of its forms. Its main danger lies in its propensity for an extremely fast current. Medical practice knows cases when the patient died within a few hours after the first symptoms of the problem manifested as a result of the lightning course of the disease. Today we will examine this disease in more detail and find out what factors provoke its development, how it manifests itself and is treated.
- A few words about the causes of the problem
- When should you be alerted?
- Treatment of pancreatic necrosis
A few words about the causes of the
problem Pancreatic necrosis of the pancreas, unlike many other diseases of the digestive system, most often affects not the elderly, but middle-aged people and even young people. In most cases, as statistics show, the starting mechanism for the development of the disease is a violation of the diet, in particular, the consumption of excessive amounts of fried, fatty and other harmful food, as well as alcohol. However, one important point worth noting here is that patients who regularly drink alcohol are more at risk of developing chronic pancreatitis. As for pancreatic necrosis, it most often strikes small people after drinking several amounts of alcohol.
Consider this factor at the level of the mechanism of action on the pancreas. Drinking alcohol together with fatty foods, in particular, containing a large number of proteins, provokes a rapid release of a large amount of the enzyme by the pancreas. The excretory ducts do not always manage to cope with such a load, as a result of which the juice begins to accumulate in the organ itself. Eventually, the pancreas swells, which provokes squeezing of the ducts and their subsequent blockage. Eventually, an extremely dangerous process of "digesting", that is, splitting the pancreatic tissue of one's own tissues, is launched. Active enzymes, together with the products of disintegration, enter the general bloodstream, causing severe intoxication.
The disease manifests itself in two kinds of symptoms:
- is a common manifestation characteristic of many diseases of the digestive system, in particular, a sharp temperature jump, dizziness, changes in blood pressure leading in severe cases even to loss of consciousness, in a word, a sharp violation of the habitual state of the body;
- with specific features, the main one of which is a very strong shingling pain localized in the left hypochondrium and accompanied by nausea and exhausting vomiting.
To make an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to conduct a number of clinical studies, in particular, urine diastase, blood leukocyte analysis, lararoscopy and traditional ultrasound.
Treatment of pancreatonecrosis
We have repeatedly mentioned the extremely rapid course of the disease, which significantly complicates its timely diagnosis. For the same reason, it is also extremely difficult to treat pancreatic necrosis: even with absolutely timely and adequate therapy, some cases end unfavorably for the patient.
In general, with pancreatic necrosis, complex therapy is carried out, which includes:
- activities aimed at removing toxins from the body;
- inactivation of proteolytic enzymes released in excessive amounts;
- recovery of outflow and normalization of ducts;
- powerful anesthesia, which relieves the patient of the painful pain that necessarily accompanied by the disease.
Another mandatory component of therapy, which is used to effectively eliminate the disease, is non-drug. Its essence is reduced to ensuring complete rest, hunger and cold for the damaged pancreas. Food at first is excluded completely, and the patient's movements are maximally confined even within the strict bed rest. In addition, the stomach is regularly washed through the probe with a duct of clean, cold water.
In the case when traditional medical treatment is ineffective, specialists recommend immediate surgical intervention, during which all dead pancreatic tissue is excised, and the body itself is formed from the remaining healthy.
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