After removal of the gallbladder, many patients are assigned a special diet, compliance with which is a necessary condition for the life of the body. Such a diet helps the body to establish its functioning and adapt to the surrounding conditions. Let's get acquainted with the features of this diet in more detail.
- 1 What is the reason for removing the gallbladder?
- 2 Principles of this diet
- 3 Diet with remote bile tank
- 4 Prohibited food
What causes gallbladder removal?
Removal of the gallbladder becomes necessary when it accumulates a significant number of stones, leading to pain in its functioning. The cause of the formation of these stones is a disease such as chronic cholecystitis, accompanied with this predisposition. With surgical intervention leading to removal of the bile tank, the ability of the stones to appear again remains, as the properties of bile are already violated in the body.
Performing the role of the store of bile, the gallbladder stores in itself insignificant quantities of it, which forms the liver. In the gallbladder, the bile is retained until the food lump enters the esophagus. Due to this function of the gallbladder, the body does not corrode the intestinal walls that form the bile. When removing the bladder that stored bile before eating, it is produced throughout the day by the liver and flows through special ducts to the area of the duodenum. If at the time of the introduction of bile into the intestine there was no food in it, then bile begins to irritate the walls of the intestine, causing painful sensations. This can lead to the development of various pathologies in the organs of the digestive system.
It is compliance with a special diet, recommended by doctors when removing this bubble, helps normalize the activity of the digestive system and timely evacuation of the liver from the accumulation of bile.
At the same time, thanks to this diet, the body does not accumulate the produced bile in the bile ducts and does not form its stagnation. Thus, the risk of new stones in these areas is reduced.
Principles of this diet
To people who have removed the gallbladder, this diet is simply necessary for later life. She accompanies them for more than one year and becomes practically their way of life. If it were not for compliance with the norms of the established diet, then the life of people without a reservoir for bile would be much shorter. Realizing the importance of what is happening, people are more responsible begin to treat the diet of their food and monitor its composition. They already independently decide what is good for them and what food addictions can harm the body, in connection with the absence of the gall bladder.
The recommended diet when removing the bile tank involves increasing the frequency of food intake by reducing its volume. On average, a person can sit down to eat up to four times a day. In the case of removing the gall bladder from him, the number of meals increases to six times a day, with recommended intervals between them up to three hours. This rule can be reflected in this mode of eating:
- Breakfast - 8:00
- Time for a light snack - 11:00
- Lunch time - 14:00
- Time for a light snack - 17:00
- Dinner - 20:00
This mode optimally combinestime of food intake with time of food destination. In order to not significantly improve, doctors recommend to include in the diet dishes with a low calorie content. Supper is best done with low-calorie foods a few hours before bedtime.
With the removal of the gallbladder, the body adapts to another area of digestion associated with the constant intake of bile into the area of the duodenum. In this regard, the body does not complete digestion of large amounts of food, because for this comes a little bile.
The amount of constantly supplied bile is enough only for processing small amounts of food, so doctors recommend to reduce the amount of food intake into the body.
Diet with a remote bile tank
At the first stages of maintaining a diet that begins with the recovery of the body after removing the bile tank, doctors recommend strictly follow its rules and do not deviate from its recommendations. In food should only include those dishes that were cooked for steaming or boiled. Products that are part of these dishes should be carefully crushed and brought to a liquid consistency. By adapting the body to these types of food, you can adapt it to its more frequent intake, starting with small amounts.
You can also start to expand the diet by incorporating new foods or foods into it, while following the body's reaction. If you have some pain when eating new dishes, you should abandon them for a while. In the case of no manifestations of the organisms of unpleasant sensations, new products can be safely consumed much more often. For the most part, the diet of people without a gallbladder consists of:
- Low-fat sour-milk dishes;
- Low-fat meat and fish food;
- Vegetable slicing;
When you remove the gall bladder, you should drink only natural drinks, presented: compotes, herbal infusions, juices, decoctions and teas. Teas are best brewed with herbs: chamomile, dog rose and many others. Use the above drinks and dishes should only be brought to room temperature, because they can cause cold pain in the zone of the right hypochondrium.
The diet of people with a lack of a bile of bile should be saturated with the most important for the body organic substances, which are fats, proteins and carbohydrates. At the same time the dishes of the recommended diet should include daily vitamin norms and all the microelements necessary for the development of the organism. Give preference to dishes from vegetables cooked on a steak, either boiled or baked. The consumption of raw vegetables should be somewhat limited, as they stimulate the formation of bile by the liver and its release into the intestinal zone. Try to eat more berry and fruit dishes, which contain a small amount of sugar and acidity. Do not take foods with high acidity, without subjecting them to pre-heat treatment. From them you can cook delicious jelly, steamed food and baked culinary masterpieces. People who have been removed from the gallbladder should drink about two liters of liquid per day.
The diet should necessarily contain bran with good nutritional value and containing a small amount of calories. They are ideal for breakfast. Among the bakery products it is best to give preference to breadcrumbs and yesterday's baking. You can include in the daily menu the use of pies, cheesecakes and rolls. Indispensable for a given diet are soups, cooked on low-fat broth. It is recommended to prepare milk soups based on skim milk, with the addition of a small amount of rice cereals, as well as pasta.
Diet when removing the gallbladder excludes the use of human fried foods. In addition, a person should refrain from consuming alcohol, spicy and salty foods, smoked products, fatty foods and sausages. Spicy food is also contraindicated in this category of people. Marinated snacks should also be excluded from the diet, as they can lead to a faster release of bile into the intestines. When removing the gallbladder, one should not get carried away by fast snacks with the help of fast food. They have a negative effect on the work of the liver.
It is also not worth to fill food with mayonnaise and ketchup, as they strengthen the separation of the bile of their liver. By resorting to the use of various kinds of semi-finished products, you can also cause significant damage to your health.
You should limit the use of products such as: raw cabbage, radish and garlic. They are the initiators of choleretic action. The diet calls for abandoning the daily use of animal fats, in connection with their ability to stone formation. In the postoperative period should limit the use of human cream and vegetable oils. People with a remote bile tank should not consume alcoholic beverages that promote bile secretion, as well as stone formation.
It is worth remembering that this diet is a way to maintain the normal working capacity of the body when removing from it such an important element as the gallbladder.
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