Corns are dead and coarse skin that appears on the hands and feet. Usually they do not cause any special discomfort, but if they are not treated, this can lead to severe pain and, in time, to inflammation. This applies primarily to women who wear high-heeled shoes. Corn should also pay special attention to people suffering from diabetes or cardiovascular diseases. The former have an increased likelihood of tissue destruction, while the latter may be a sign of leg edema.
Corns appear as a result of pressure or friction of the skin surface. This leads to the fact that the cells die, and the horny layer of the epidermis is formed. It does not flake, but only grows, forming a thick and firm protective surface.
Corns, unlike warts, are not caused by a virus, so they can not be contagious to other people or spread through the body.
- 1 What do corns look like?
- 2 Causes of callus on the legs
- 3 What is the difference between calluses and corns?
- 4 How to treat calluses on legs?
What do corns look like?
Corns appear to be gray or yellow cones or outgrowths that are less sensitive to touch than the surrounding skin. They are formed mainly on the hands and feet, although they can also occur on the knees or elbows. Corns on the hands, as a rule, are formed at the base of the fingers. In turn, calluses on the feet, most often, appear on the heels and under the big toe.
Causes of callus on the legs
In most cases, corns are caused by incorrectly selected shoes when it:
- is too tight, causing discomfort;
- on high heels, creating pressure on the front of the foot;
- is excessively free, causing friction;
- with a thin sole, which creates more pressure on the foot than with the usual thickness of the sole;
or more rare reasons:
- wearing shoes without socks;
- walking barefoot.
Corns are also formed when there is no treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, which leads to valgus deformity and other joint distortions. Or they can be the result of gait disturbances( eg, flat feet), bone structure( for example, heel spurs are a small bone tumor, which causes severe pain in the heels while walking).
What is the difference between calluses and corns?
Corns - large, coarsened, yellow or gray areas, which are surrounded by reddened skin, which gives them a relatively clear outline. The main cause of corns is pressure or friction caused by unsuitable footwear, so they usually appear on the soles of the feet.
in its turn is a painless, small, coarse, almost colorless skin, usually formed on the fingers or the heel. The reason for them is often hidden not in shoes, but just walking. They have less clear outlines.
Dry calluses without treatment, in contrast to corns, can cause severe pain, the reason of which is their ingrowth into the skin where the nerve endings are.
This "rooted" corn is called a core.
How to treat calluses on legs?
The aim of the treatment is to minimize the pressure or friction that causes the corn. If it is not possible to change shoes, then it is sufficient to wear appropriate protective inserts that separate the part of the foot from the inside of the shoe.
Corns can be softened and removed with salicylic acid( it is not at all expensive), but it is better to take a special ointment that contains it. You can also soak your feet in warm water, and then remove the dead skin with a pumice stone.
However, in some cases the best option is to visit a specialist.
Especially in the presence of diabetes, diseases of the cardiovascular system( for example, peripheral arteries), polyneuropathy.
The doctor can remove a callus with a small scalpel, but there are also modern methods of treatment in specialized clinics - using liquid nitrogen or a laser.