Sore throat is a very common symptom. Often, it is underestimated by patients, and in vain, because it can be a sign of a serious illness or allergies.
The throat is a human organ consisting of three parts: the oral, larynx and nasal( upper, middle and lower parts of the throat).It is a kind of combination of two very important human systems: the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. This means that problems associated with the stomach or breathing, can cause irritation of the throat.
Sore throat is an anxious and sometimes extremely negative symptom. To get rid of it, you need to know the reasons for its appearance. Unfortunately, it is not so easy to determine them, because the reasons can be different. Therefore, one can only try to guess why the throat hurts.
- 1 Possible causes of sore throat:
- 1.1 Bacteria and viruses
- 1.2 Acute viral pharyngitis
- 1.3 Streptococcal tonsillitis( more commonly known as angina)
- 1.4 Infectious mononucleosis
- 1.5 Fungal infections
- 1.6 peritonsillar abscess
- 2 Chronic Pain
- 3 Dangerous symptoms
Possible causes of sore throat:
Bacteria and viruses
Most often, when the sore throat arises suddenly and is accompanied by systemic symptoms such asomoganie, fever, headache, muscle pain, can be suspected bacterial or viral infections, and about which they are most common, see below.
Acute viral pharyngitis
This is a viral infection that, in addition to sore throat, is characterized by a slight increase in temperature in 2-3 days, preceding the common cold, light purulent stoppers on the palate, physical and psychological disorders. Sometimes it can be accompanied by a small increase in the lymph nodes. There is also no viral pharyngitis, which is caused by the inhalation of extreme temperature air( cold or hot).
Streptococcal tonsillitis ( better known as angina)
Bacteria that often cause throat disorders( especially in children) are streptococcus pyrrolidonyl peptidase. They provoke the development of streptococcal angina, which manifests itself with a sudden very strong pain in the throat with accompanying systematic symptoms( fever and malaise).Tonsils are enlarged and prevent swallowing, visible exudate( fluid with inflammation in the form of mucus).With a thorough examination, you can also see enlarged cervical lymph nodes.
One of the most effective and affordable drugs against sore throat( nagnoy) is Lugol's solution.
One of the causes of sore throat, especially in children and adolescents, can be a viral disease - an infectious mononucleosis caused usually by the Epstein-Barr virus. The disease is accompanied by high fever, poor mental state, loss of appetite, reddening of the mucous membranes of the throat and tonsils, lymphadenopathy.
Fungi also cause sore throat. Especially often occur in people with diabetes or chronic diseases, that is, with weakened immunity. Sore throat caused by fungal infections, accompanied by fever, congestion of the mucous membrane of the throat, white coating.
In the case of paratonsillar abscess, first of all, the palate and tonsils swell. Often there is swelling and sinking of the tongue. With a paratonsillar abscess caused by a viral or bacterial infection, there is an increase in temperature, unilateral pain that does not touch the entire throat, there is a drawing pain with and the sensation of a foreign body in the throat.
The sudden sharp pain in the throat can be associated with the consumption of coarse food or be the result of a foreign body entering the throat or esophagus. Pain in this situation is felt only during swallowing. Sudden acute pain can be the result of burns in the mouth and throat.
Chronic sore throat can be called when it lasts continuously for a relatively long period of time or periodically returns. The aforementioned diseases can go into chronic form with wrong treatment, and then it threatens more serious consequences for the whole organism.
But sometimes the throat constantly hurts and it is not accompanied by even other common symptoms. That is, it happens that the throat hurts, but there is no temperature, redness, an increase in the tonsils. Such pain requires necessarily consultation of the ENT.
The original cause of chronic sore throat can sometimes be the removal of tonsils. After this, the tissues dry out more often, become inflamed, and consequently they ache. But now the removal of tonsils - this is extreme measures. After all, with the modern level of medicine, this operation is usually avoided.
However, most often the causes of chronic pain in the throat can be: dry atrophic pharyngitis, chronic pharyngitis, chronic hypertrophic pharyngitis, sinusitis, chronic purulent tonsillitis, and in some cases, cancer.
Unilateral pain, initially manifested with increasing intensity and irritating the throat when swallowing, can be a sign of cancer. Especially when accompanied by drooling, bad breath, difficulty swallowing, swelling on the neck, shortness of breath.
Remember that sore throats can occur with a number of diseases. Initially, it is worthwhile to find out the reasons for their occurrence, since some of the diseases are very dangerous( for example, oncological diseases) and require immediate consultation and treatment with a doctor.
If the pain in the throat persists for a long time and is accompanied by high fever, it is necessary to immediately call a specialist for help, and not to guess from what it hurts.