It will not be superfluous to inspect your testicles regularly. For this you need only to get acquainted with the anatomy. Periodic independent examination will help to notice something unusual in the development or condition of testicles and other organs in the scrotum.
- 1 What size should the testicles in men have
- 2 Why eggs can be of different sizes
- 2.1 One testicle may be smaller in such cases:
- 2.2 One testicle may be longer in the following cases:
- 3 Anatomy of the testicle
- 4 What testicles should be onthe touch
The size of the testicles in men
- The eggs are normally oval in shape, and about 4-5 cm long, 3 cm wide and 2 cm thick. This applies primarily to the representatives of the European race.
- One testicle is often slightly larger than the other. This is normally normal, and there's nothing to worry about. Nevertheless, if you notice that one testicle is enlarged, then you need to visit an andrologist so that he also examines it.
- The left testicle in most men is located lower than the right one, which is also not a pathology.
Why eggs can be of different sizes
In most cases, especially if the difference in size is not very significant, this is quite normal. It is not pathology and should not cause anxiety. In some people, one testicle may even be substantially larger for an unknown benign cause. Also, there are a number of other reasons that could affect the different size.
One testicle may be less in such cases:
- With varicocele ( widening of certain veins inside the scrotum), the testicle nutrition is disturbed, resulting in the left( most often) being smaller due to its atrophy. The lack of treatment threatens male infertility.
- If it was not released at birth ( delayed in the abdominal cavity), even despite the corrective operation.
- When there was an intrauterine or infant testicular torsion .
- Consequences of mumps .
One testicle may be more in the following cases:
- Testicular cancer is a malignant tumor that can develop in different tissues of the gonadal glands.
- Cyst - formation( cavity with fluid) in the tissues inside the scrotum, which can be asymptomatic for a long time. Usually it appears in the appendage area.
- Benign tumor - is rare and develops slowly, increases the risk of developing cancer.
In the process of sexual development in a child, the testicles may sometimes differ in size, but by the end of this period they will be equalized if everything is normal.
Anatomy of the testicle
Egg attachment is a paired organ attached to each testicle from behind and from above.
They both look like coils from reeled-up tiny tubes that carry and store sperm. In doing so, they take part in the allocation of its fertilizing ability. If you unwind the appendage of the testicle, it will be about 6 meters long, or even more.
Seed cords - represent a set of muscles, nerves, blood and lymphatic vessels and some other tissues and organs on which the testicles are suspended. The most important in them is the vas deferens, along which the sperm moves toward the penis. Also, they feed the eggs and related functions. Seed cords go up in relation to the appendages of the testicles, and also are located behind them in the scrotum.
The scrotum is a leather bag containing eggs and appendages.
What testicles should be to the touch
You can easily and quickly conduct an independent examination, which will take about one minute. The best time for this procedure is after taking a warm bath or shower, when the skin of the scrotum is relaxed. The main actions are as follows:
- Maintain the scrotum and testicles in the palm of your hand so that the can feel their weight .One testicle may be slightly larger than the other, the but they should be about the same mass as the .
- Take the testicle so that the thumb is on one side, and the index finger and the middle one on the other. Carefully roll in the fingers of the testicle, probing it to make sure that there are no solid formations. Normal testicles in men are oval in shape, they must be elastic, but not firm, and also smooth and without any lumps.
Repeat the same with the other testicle.
- Moving along the bottom of the scrotum, find the appendage that is in the back of the testicle. It should be small lumps in the form of bumps on the top and back of each testicle. They are normal to the touch should seem soft and, perhaps, slightly gentle.
- Carefully touch the spermatic cord, which is located above the epididymis, as well as behind them. In a healthy state, these are elastic smooth tubes.
Check the spermatic cord is needed near both testicles.