Today, several methods of teeth whitening are proved in practice. Moreover, these techniques can be performed independently, without seeking help from a doctor. Of course, to make clarification in one session is simply not possible. It is necessary to execute several receptions according to certain rules.
- 1 General rules for whitening at home
- 2 Best bleaching methods
- 2.1 Traditional teeth whitening products
- 2.1.1 1. Hydrogen peroxide and baking soda
- 2.1.2 2. Citric acid
- 2.1.3 3. Pastebased on the egg white
- 2.1.4 4. Wood ash
- 2.1.5 5. Essential oils
- 2.2 Specialized products for teeth whitening
- 2.2.1 1. Bleaching with the help of the caps
- 2.2.2 2. Whitening teethpaste
- 2.2.3 3.Special whitening strips for teeth
- 2.1 Traditional teeth whitening products
- 3 Contraindications to whitening
- 4 Tips for dentists to preserve a snow-white smile
General rules for whitening at home
All procedures can be conditionally divided into chemical and mechanical. It is important that they are harmless to the enamel of the teeth. To do this, chemical solutions need to use a lower concentration, compared with those used for professional bleaching. Thanks to this, even with a long course, there will be no damage to the tissues.
Dental visits are required before chemical whitening. The doctor will eliminate the hard pigmented plaque and tartar. Thus, the solid fabrics already have a color tone higher. If this is not done, then the clarification will not be uniform. Chemical solutions can not destroy solid deposits and penetrate them to the enamel.
The same applies to mechanical methods. If you do not conduct preliminary activities, then the bleaching will take more time, and it will not be so effective. In addition, this type of clarification should not be used for too long. This may further cause an increased sensitivity of the enamel to various stimuli.
Best methods of bleaching
It is not possible to say exactly which of the methods of clarifying enamel at home will be the most effective and suitable for all indications in a particular case. This can only be determined and advised by a doctor after a thorough examination.
All procedures can be conditionally divided into 2 groups. The first is when people's means are used and the second group is specialized products. Of the most popular and effective methods with the use of folk remedies, there are several.
Popular tooth whitening products
1. Hydrogen peroxide and baking soda
This method combines a double chemical and mechanical effect. This is one of the most effective and at the same time quite dangerous measures of influence. Although hydrogen peroxide is contained in almost every professional bleaching agent, it is very cautious to use it in its pure form.
To prepare the mixture take a tablespoon of soda and a half teaspoon of peroxide. Then add a small amount of water until a thick gelatinous mass is obtained. The composition is applied to a toothbrush and produces movements similar to the usual daily cleaning.
Procedure time is not more than 2 minutes. To be held once a week, no more than 3-4 sessions in total. Repeated use no earlier than 6-9 months. After that, thoroughly rinse the mouth with running water and spit. Do not swallow even a small portion of this paste. At the end, it is forbidden to eat for 3 hours.
Soda and hydrogen peroxide, quite aggressive substances that adversely affect the enamel of the teeth. As a rule, after their application, there is a hypoesthesia of hard tissues, in varying degrees of severity.
2. Citric acid
You can use the usual juice of natural lemon for this.
It is worth remembering that all acids adversely affect the general condition of the teeth.
Clearing is easy. On a cotton swab or a piece of sterile gauze napkin squeeze the lemon juice to saturation. Then thoroughly wipe the enamel surface in problem areas. To fix the result, brush your teeth with a whitening paste with a high concentration of fluoride and calcium.
Some impose directly on the teeth lobes of lemon. This method is not suitable for everyone, except that it can cause a strong irritation of the mucosa and hypersensitivity of the enamel.
3. Pasta based on egg white
It is a mixture of a teaspoon of soda, milk and mint juice. All this is kneaded on egg white. It is used 2 times a day for about 4 minutes. At the end of the meal is not recommended for 1 hour.
4. Wood ash
It can be used alone or added to the whitening toothpaste. The desired effect is achieved due to the content of potassium hydroxide in the ashes.
The result does not occur in one session, but after a few doses the enamel becomes significantly lighter. After the procedure, it is recommended to rinse the mouth with special dental rinsers.
Often, the remedy should not be used, as the ash severely traumatizes hard tissues.
5. Essential oils
Tea tree oil is most commonly used. The product is effective, but it should be used with caution because of frequent allergic reactions. It is best to check the agent before use by applying to the skin, to avoid irritation.
Oil is dissolved in a teaspoon of alcohol. Then impregnate the cotton swab and wipe the surface of the teeth. Finish with a regular paste.
Specialized teeth whitening products
All folk remedies are not as effective as specialized ones. However, they are more expensive in cost and more difficult to use. These tools include:
1. Bleaching with the aid of the
kapp. Usually such devices are manufactured on the individual order. However, standard devices can be purchased at the pharmacy and used at home.
Before using the mouthguard, you need to clearly read the instructions. Exposition should be strictly according to recommendations. If the time of using the kappa is exceeded, there can be negative consequences from sharp changes in the color of the enamel, before the emergence of microcracks.
The applied gel should not exceed the recommended value. Its excess is quickly removed with the help of a cotton swab or tampon. If this is not done, then the oral mucosa may burn.
2. Whitening toothpastes
This is the simplest and most affordable tool. Toothpaste has a chemical and mechanical bleaching effect. The first can be used constantly, but not more than 3-4 weeks.
Pastes with a mechanical effect of bleaching are based on the inclusion of abrasive particles in their composition. The effect is achieved by eliminating the surface pigmented plaque and grinding the enamel. They should be used only once a week and not more than 4-6 weeks. Then they take a break for 4-6 months. If there is no desired result, resort to another method.
3. Special whitening strips for the teeth
The advantage of such products lies in the ease of use and high efficiency after the first sessions. Use is recommended first on one, then on the other jaw. Thus, you can track the effectiveness and not exceed an unnecessary number of sessions.
Before stitching the strip, the teeth are thoroughly cleaned with a regular brush paste. Then the strip is gently applied to the entire dental arch. At the end of the time, remove carefully, so as not to injure the periodontal tissue. It is advisable to take food after 2 hours.
Contraindications to whitening
Even at home, the proposed techniques are able to give no more than 90% efficiency. Of course, many of them should be used with caution, especially on the basis of peroxide or acids. And the same lemon can provoke unpleasant consequences. But in some cases, there are specific contraindications, and you can not ignore them.
The main contraindications to whitening tooth enamel are:
· Age to 14 years.
· Pregnancy and lactation.
· Hyperesthesia of tooth enamel;
· Seals and orthopedic structures in the oral cavity. Only natural fabrics are exposed to lightening. If you apply similar techniques to artificial materials, the result can be their color change to the side of darkening or even a breach of integrity. Particularly negatively, acids, peroxides and urea are affected. In addition, if there are seals, veneers or lumineers, the following should be considered. When bleaching natural tissues, areas with artificial coating will look like inclusions on teeth of a darker shade.
· Dyeing of teeth after filling. This occurs in the treatment of pulpitis or periodontitis. Teeth change in color from nutria due to improperly selected filling material, pulp or dentin decay residues, broken tools or individual reaction to highly effective drugs.
· Own a sufficiently dark shade of hard dental tissues. To achieve the desired effect requires multiple exposure, from which the enamel becomes brittle or increases sensitivity to irritants.
Tips for the dentist to maintain a snow-white smile
- Rinse your mouth after each meal( preferably with special solutions);
- Use flosses of various shapes;
- To clean teeth according to all rules( 2 times a day after meals at least 3 minutes);
- Refuse from smoking, less use of products that can color the enamel. Increase in the diet of solid raw vegetables and fruits;
- Systematically visit a doctor and independently monitor the condition of the oral cavity by careful periodic examinations.
Such methods of bleaching and preventive measures will help to keep a bright smile for many years. A systematic and reasonable approach to oral hygiene will allow not only to have white enamel, but also to prevent the destruction of hard tissues, as well as to avoid serious complications.