Ethiditis ( etmoidal sinusitis) is a disease that is a kind of sinusitis. During it, inflammation occurs in one or both of the trellis labyrinths, which are on either side of the bridge of the nose near the latticed arteries and orbits. It is because of this location in the complication of the disease in children can be observed swelling of the tissues around the eye.
Such pathology as etmoiditis can develop for a variety of reasons, but most often in a child it occurs against a background of chronic cold or acute respiratory disease. In most cases, ethmoiditis occurs in preschool children.
In newborn babies this pathology almost immediately causes serious complications and takes a purulent character. Therefore, parents need to know what etmoiditis is - symptoms and treatment in children. After all, if you do not go to the doctor on time, serious diseases such as meningitis or encephalitis, which are threatening to the life of the child, can occur. This danger appears because the nasal sinuses are located close to the brain, and the nasal passages in children are shorter than in adults. In addition, there is a risk that purulent processes begin to occur directly in the bone, fistulas and abscesses appear.
- 1 Symptoms flow etmoidita children
- 1.1 Symptoms of acute etmoidita
- 1.2 Symptoms of chronic etmoidita
- 1.3 Symptoms in newborns and infants
- 2 Treatment ethmoid sinusitis in children
Symptoms flow etmoidita in
ethmoiditis children is of two types: acute and chronic.
Symptoms of acute etmoiditis
In acute forms of the disease, the main symptoms are: nasal congestion and purulent mucus secretion, all these manifestations may be accompanied by a headache that occurs at the base of the nose. The child has severe fatigue and lethargy, nevertheless, the baby does not sleep well or turns. Pulsating pain may occur in the eyes of the nose and forehead. Also, one of the main symptoms in children may be vomiting, lack of appetite and upset of the stool.
Symptoms of chronic etmoiditis
In time, unrecognized or untreated etmoiditis can eventually become chronic. Defects in the structure of the nose can also contribute to the development of chronic etmoiditis. Among other things, the presence of polyps or adenoids is also sometimes the cause of the inflammatory process.
Symptoms for exacerbation of chronic etmoiditis:
- difficulty breathing;
- discharge from the nose;
- decreases the sense of smell;
- the temperature rises.
- in infants often regurgitation.
Symptoms in newborns and infants
In newborns and infants, the disease progresses at an incredibly rapid rate. From the onset of the disease to complete blockage of the nasal passages can take only a couple of hours. Objectively: there is a pronounced eye symptomatology, the eyelids flow off, the color changes, they become cyanotic, the eye gap densely closes. If you do not take timely measures, the symptoms will become stronger and become more pronounced.
The diagnosis of this disease should be made by an otolaryngologist, on the basis of a comprehensive examination: general tests, examination( rinoscopy), X-ray, tomography, and endoscopy. The success of the treatment of any disease, including etmoiditis, depends on proper diagnosis. Fortunately, today this disease can be cured by conservative methods and only in very neglected cases, doctors resort to surgical intervention.
Treatment of ethmoid sinusitis in children
It should be noted that ethmoiditis should be treated immediately, because it is really very dangerous for children. To date, there are many ways and methods of treating this disease. The choice is made by the otolaryngologist together with the pediatrician, considering the stage of the disease, the general condition of the small patient, age and other factors. For the first time, the treatment days will be expedient to clear the nasal cavity of purulent mucus, for these purposes the doctor appoints special vasoconstrictive drugs. In addition, antibiotics and anesthetics can be used. An important role in the treatment of ethmoiditis is played by a properly selected antibiotic.
After a few days, if the doctor notices improvement, physiotherapeutic procedures are prescribed: phonophoresis, electrophoresis, UHF, helium-neon laser, all of which will help improve the patient's condition.
Surgical treatment of this pathology is prescribed by the doctor only in very neglected cases, when complications arise. In most cases, a flexible endoscope is used for such operations, it is inserted into the cavity of the latticed bone, and the necessary manipulations are carried out. Then it is necessary to disinfect the nasal cavity with special antibacterial agents. After surgical interventions performed by this method, the children recover very quickly and subsequently do not develop purulent inflammation.
With the correct diagnosis and timely treatment in most cases, the pathology passes without a trace, the child completely recovers. The main thing is to fulfill all the prescriptions of the doctor. Also parents should remember that it is very important to maintain the level of immunity in children by taking immunomodulating drugs. It is especially important to do this during the cold period in winter and in autumn.