Low blood pressure or hypotension in the first trimester of pregnancy - a condition in which a woman feels weak, dizzy, drowsy. Lowered pressure does not allow the normal flow of oxygen and beneficial substances into the cells of the body.
It is generally accepted that if the blood pressure is lower than 100/60, then a violation of vascular tone or hypotension occurs on the face. But not always such figures indicate the presence of pathology. Many women, even under reduced pressure, feel good and do not make any complaints.
Hypotension can talk about the presence of any disease, for example, stomach ulcers, allergies, infectious diseases, etc., and also be an independent disease.
- 1 Reasons for
- 2 Symptoms of
- 3 Possible complications of
- 4 What should I do?
- 5 Folk remedies
The main cause of low blood pressure in a future mother is hormonal adjustment.1 trimester of pregnancy is characterized by malaise, fatigue, drowsiness. A woman is capable of suffering from odors, she is sick( signs of toxicosis).
Emotional overstrain, stress, fatigue can also trigger a drop in blood pressure. Often, pathologies are affected by those who previously had a tendency to hypotension.
In addition, low pressure can cause:
- poor nutrition
- reception of a hot bath
- stay in a stuffy room
- cold with a high temperature
Low blood pressure during pregnancy is manifested not only by dizziness and weakness, but also ringing in the ears, darkening in the eyes,loss of consciousness. If you have these symptoms, you need to see a doctor. As a result of measuring the blood pressure of a pregnant woman, he will be able to establish a diagnosis.
Possible complications of
For a future mother with arterial hypotension, there is a risk of such complications:
- gestosis, when there is swelling, protein in the urine, blood pressure rises
- , early toxicosis
- spontaneous abortion
- fetal development delay
- complications of labor related to laborpoor uterine contraction, and the risk of bleeding. All this can lead to caesarean section.
What should I do?
With reduced pressure, the pregnant woman should be observed not only at the gynecologist, but also at the therapist. For the treatment of pathology, it is necessary to do morning exercises daily. In addition, you need to include in the regime of the day water procedures in the form of a contrast shower, douche, foot baths, massage. A woman who has low blood pressure should sleep enough. Ideally, 10-12 hours a day.
It is not recommended to take hot baths, be in a poorly ventilated room. Adjust the pressure can and with power. In the diet of the pregnant woman it is necessary to include a variety of dishes with enough products necessary for the health of the mother and her unborn child. These include meat. Tea is best to drink not at bedtime, but only in the morning and afternoon.
In the treatment of arterial hypotension, pantocrine, tincture of aralia, zamanichi proved to be well established. You can also take tincture of magnolia vine of Chinese, ginseng.
These drugs have fortifying, tonic properties. They are able to improve the general condition of the pregnant woman, improve efficiency, improve sleep. Their use does not adversely affect the development of the fetus. To use the described means you need courses for 2 weeks( 2-3 courses for pregnancy).
Outpatient treatment involves the use of physiotherapy procedures:
- ultraviolet radiation;
- electrophoresis mezatone;
- caffeine electrophoresis;
- calcium or novocaine electrophoresis;
- oxygen therapy.
Treatment with folk methods includes the use of herbal remedies that can improve the tone of blood vessels and thereby improve blood flow. Juices from beet, pomegranate are useful. Melissa, immortelle, oregano, hop cones, motherwort and other herbs improve the work of the nervous system, increase blood pressure, strengthen strength.
In addition, in pregnancy in the first trimester, you should increase the intake of foods containing a lot of iron: carrots, spinach, sorrel, pomegranates and foods that tonic the whole body: celery, cabbage, salad, apples of acid varieties.
With a serious attitude towards health, following all the doctor's recommendations, it is possible to successfully cure pathology and to give birth to a baby in time.