- What are the benefits of ointments?
- How to prevent allergy?
- What properties should have ointments for the feet?
- Ointments with a warming effect
- Ointments for the removal of inflammation
- What ointments are better anesthetized?
- Ointments from vegetable and natural components
For the therapy of joint diseases, you can find a lot of medicines in the pharmacy network. But how to choose the right one in your case?
We suggest carefully consider preparations on an ointment basis.
What are the benefits of ointments?
Do not give up treatment with drugs in the form of ointments. They remain one of the main means of assistance, thanks to:
- high concentration of active substance;
- to the absence of toxic or irritating effects on the stomach and intestines;
- good compatibility with other drugs( with pills and injections, with physiotherapy procedures);
- ease and ease of use at home.
Gels differ from ointments with a lower concentration, a more liquid consistency. Some manufacturers insist on better penetrating power through the skin in the joint bag.
Creams are even less concentrated and are suitable either in cosmetics or for particularly sensitive people.
How to prevent allergy?
Such possible manifestations as allergic reactions do not depend on the dosage form. They should be ready for any method of treatment.
In order to test your reaction, you need to rub a little ointment into the delicate skin on the inner surface of the forearm. If during the day on this place there is no itching and irritation, then the medicine is suitable for individual use.
When buying a drug, you should carefully read the composition of
. On a tube, often everything is written in small letters, ask for instructions on how to use it. Perhaps the composition includes a substance that has already been allergic( taking into account the reactions to tableted forms).Then immediately refuse the drug. Pay attention to the expiration date. After it, activity drops significantly.
What properties should have ointments for the feet?
For the treatment of inflammation and degenerative-dystrophic changes in the joints of the feet, it will be necessary:
- anti-inflammatory effect;
- powered periosteum.
Virtually all ointments have these properties, but you can subdivide them by their preferred type of action and strength.
Ointments with a warming effect
The composition of warming ointments necessarily includes components that can increase the flow of blood to the affected joint. At the same time, neutrophil cells "hurry" to the site of inflammation in order to "get rid of" infection and slags from the tissue reaction. Warming does not apply immediately after the injury. For example, after a knee injury in a child, a tumor immediately manifests itself, the ointment will only increase puffiness. As a first aid, peace and cold compresses are necessary. You have to wait a day or two, then you can use it.
In the acute period of arthritis of the knee joint, a diphalp gel is recommended. He, unlike others, has a decongestant property, due to the included in the composition of levomentol and ibuprofen. After application, the skin feels hot and red. Simultaneously, ibuprofen has an anti-inflammatory effect, pain decreases. Rub the gel into the skin four times a day.
Ointments for the removal of inflammation
This group includes drugs that contain substances acting on the source of inflammation( microorganisms), enhancing overall protection. They can have a complex of preparations for the removal of inflammation( Diclofenac, Fastum gel, Voltaren) or contain hormones( Hydrocortisone).
Hormonal medications should not be used without consulting a doctor.
To enhance the effect, it is recommended to compress at night.
What ointments are better for anesthetics?
As an analgesic ointment should be funds with an anesthetic effect.
Ketonal contains active substance ketoprofen at a concentration of 2.5%, penetrates through the pores of the skin, prevents the synthesis of prostaglandins, effectively eliminates pain and inflammation in all types of arthritis, after trauma.
It is not recommended to use for bronchial asthma, children under 15, pregnant in the third trimester
Fastum gel relieves pain, swelling, morning stiffness in the legs, suitable for the treatment of arthritis and arthrosis of the knee, as a symptomatic agent used in polyarthritis,gout, stretching of tendons, bursitis. Enters into the pharmacy market from Italy, the Russian equivalent is Bystrum-gel. Both drugs are based on the ketoprofen content of 25 mg per gram of ointment.
Diclofenac - ointment 1% contains in one gram 10 mg of diclofenac. It is one of the popular representatives of nonsteroidal agents. Analogues - Voltaren, Diclonac-P, Orthofen - are also based on this substance. Recommended for use in cases of deforming arthrosoarthritis of the knee and other joints of the legs and hands. Rubbed in dry skin no more than 2-3 times with light movements. The daily dose should not be above 8 mg.
Indomethacin is a non-hormonal drug, one gram contains 100 mg of indomethacin. It is shown for rheumatoid and psoriatic polyarthritis, gout, arthritis and arthrosis with limited mobility of the knee and other joints, neuralgia, osteochondrosis of the spine with irradiation of pain in the legs. The yardstick of the daily dose is the size of the squeezed jet: for a day for an adult you can apply no more than 15 cm, for a child - up to 7 cm. The entire dose is divided into 2-3 rubs.
Ointment is not used in the presence of wounds or abrasions on the skin.
It should be used with caution in this group of patients with peptic ulcer. Also, like tablets, they can cause an aggravation of peptic ulcer, gastritis, promote bleeding. They should not be used for massage. After rubbing it is necessary to wash your hands well and make sure that the ointment does not get into your eyes.
Nase gel refers to second-generation drugs, contains nimesulide in 1% concentration. From previous drugs is less contraindicated and no side effects. However, it is also not recommended in cases of exacerbation of peptic ulcer, during pregnancy.
Ointments from vegetable and natural components of
These include ointments for nourishing action. They should not be expected to have a quick effect, but long-term use gives an undoubted effect.
Cream Sabelnik-Evalar includes an extract of a medicinal plant of a swampy saber, strengthens the restoration of damaged tissues, has antibacterial properties.
Ogarkov's ointment includes bee venom and medicinal herbs.
Arthrovit-balm warms and nourishes the diseased joints, has in the composition only safe plant components:
- essential oils of paprika, ginger, black pepper, camphor;
- extracts of thyme, birch, althea, black elderberry.
A group of chondroprotectors - Honda cream, Chondroxide gel.
The funds are directed to the restoration of cartilaginous tissue with arthrosis. The active substance is chondroitin sulfate, glucosamine is obtained from the tissues of fish, birds, mammals. Drugs are recommended by one doctor and completely discarded by others. Nevertheless, evidence of their use( though in capsules, and not external gels) exist. Contraindications are not defined.
For massage with arthrosis more suitable:
- balm Dikul - includes useful properties of sea buckthorn and tea tree oils, nettle extracts, mushroom chaga, aloe, ginkgo biloba, chamomile, dog rose, propolis, mummy, bee venom, bear bile, collagen, vitamins Aand E, all diluted with water with silver ions;
- Thai ointment based on the hot pepper.
Self-treatment of listed ointments should not be practiced for longer than two weeks. It is necessary to consult with the attending physician, to consult about the most suitable means.