Corns, especially water, or wet, as they are called by specialists, is a common phenomenon in our life. Everyone at least once, but came across him. This is especially true for the fair sex, when the desire to have a beautiful, though uncomfortable, shoes outweighs all the arguments about impracticality. And only many, having found out in a callosity a liquid, are amazed: what for to attack such, and how from it to get rid?
Causes of callus formation
Such a nuisance, as the appearance of wet calluses, occurs imperceptibly. The upper layer of the skin under the influence of friction shifts relative to the lower layers and is injured. As a rule, at first it remains invisible. However, the continuing friction inevitably leads to the detachment of the surface layer. A cavity is formed, in which the liquid accumulates gradually, therefore corn appears on the area of the skin subjected to friction.
From all this it follows that friction is the main factor of corn formation. When wearing tight or fairly stiff footwear, certain areas of the foot - and usually the toes, heels, soles - come in close contact with it. Increased moisture in the legs or holey socks also contribute to the accumulation of fluid in the corn.
Note that water blisters and calluses do not only occur on the feet. Water can appear in the blister on the hands, and when rubbing against tight clothes. This is greatly facilitated by prolonged work without protective gloves: for example, when cleaning vegetables or other hand-made work. In addition to the formation of a liquid in the corns, such laborers are guaranteed and very unpleasant painful sensations.
The appearance of "dropsy" is a rather unpleasant process. First, in places of rubbing, small redness and swelling form, painful sensations appear. A little later on the skin appears corn with a water blister. At the same time, education causes considerable pain, and a touch to the bubble creates a wall tension.
What kind of fluid in the corn: Video
What is the fluid in the calluses?
Reaching a certain size, the bubble bursts, and on the skin in such cases remains wound, sometimes quite large. Accompanying this process is the flow from the damaged area of some transparent liquid, similar to water. So what is the result of corn and why?
There is an erroneous opinion among ignorant people that water is in the corn. However, this is not at all the case. A fluid called "water" in common parlance is actually called lymph, or a lymphatic fluid. In Latin, "lympha" means "moisture".
Another lymph is called "tissue fluid".This is due to the fact that it surrounds each cell of our tissues with a liquid, here blood donates nutrients, and also carries away the products of their decay. The formation of the lymph itself is the most complicated combination of water and other substances from the blood in the intercellular space.
If water flows from the corn - then some kind of mechanical impact caused its rupture. Usually it is squeezing, punching or rubbing. This yellowish watery substance, found in the whole human body, circulates through all the tissues of the body. It collects bacteria, fats, other unnecessary compounds and filters them through the lymphatic system. It contains leukocytes( lymphocytes) and a small concentration of proteins and erythrocytes.
Lymph itself acts in the lymphatic system, which is associated with lymph nodes - small nodules acting as filters. They do something and catch harmful substances. It is this network of blood vessels and capillaries that is occupied with the production of fluid and white blood cells.
Treatment of water calluses
Having a little idea of what is accumulating in the corns for water, it is important not to make a mistake in the choice of treatment.
The best option is not to touch the formed bubble at all. The lymph that is in the tumor protects the damaged surface from infection with microorganisms and promotes the fastest growth of new skin. But we do not always have time for this, as usual.
In most cases, the treatment of this corn occurs on its own, at home. Small formations are simply sealed with a bactericidal plaster, which prevents injury and possible infection. But if the bubble is of considerable size, its tearing is more than probable. It is believed that such a blister is better to pierce. But remember: a puncture can be made only during the first day after the formation of the tumor.
The main danger of such an operation is the piercing of the water bubble at home - the probability of infection. Therefore, it is necessary to take appropriate measures: first, disinfect the puncture site, smearing it with iodine or zelenka. Secondly, pierce need a sterile needle. A pin or an ordinary needle is carefully wiped with alcohol or heated over a fire.
A puncture is made on the side of the bladder, parallel to the skin surface. It is pierced so that the walls of the bladder are preserved. Playing the role of a natural bandage, they cover the surface of the bottom of the callus. If the callus has opened itself, an open wound is formed at this place. After thoroughly cleaning it and disinfected, an antibacterial ointment is applied, covered with a gauze pad and fixed.
Bloody liquid in calluses
Sometimes this situation arises: the water in the calluses is bloody. Why? To be frightened strongly is not necessary. In some places of the skin, blood vessels come very close to the surface and with strong, but sharp mechanical compression or when rubbing - burst. Blood mixes with the lymph that fills the tissue rupture, and gives the bladder such a frightening appearance. The rules for treating such calluses are the same as for water ones.
With a large amount of corns, it is best to consult a doctor or a beauty salon. If the decision is made to fight the corn itself - first of all, one must remember the danger of infection.
Vodians and blood corns are always more difficult and difficult to treat than to prevent their appearance. Remember this always and be healthy!
How to quickly heal corn: Video