Some people like to have a rest in warm countries, others in snow resorts. Preferences are different for everyone. However, both of them probably heard that doctors recommend using sunglasses in such places to avoid the development of electro-ophthalmia. At the same time, many people have a question: "Electroopthalmia? What is it? "
The answer to this question lies, as they say, on the surface. Everyone knows that ultraviolet radiation is quite widespread in nature. It so happened that even if the most harmful part of the ozone layer is delayed, the risk of eye damage from contact with these rays is preserved.
So, electro-ophthalmia is a damage to the structures of the eyeball and primarily the cornea under the influence of ultraviolet radiation. And there are not only natural, but also artificial sources of it.
Let us consider in more detail the possible causes of this disease, as well as the question of how to treat electrophthalmia.
Reasons for the development of electro-ophthalmia
It is important to remember that any source emitting ultraviolet, with which eye contact occurs without special protective equipment, is quite capable of becoming a potential cause for the development of electro-ophthalmia.
In particular, the effect of harmful ultraviolet spectrum on the visual organ can occur when observing flares in the sun, solar eclipses or simply when looking at a luminary when resting at sea. And not only at sea: staying without special sunglasses in snow-covered areas, for which high reflective ability is characteristic, is also unfavorable for the eyes.
It is also not recommended to observe the welding work from the side or to neglect the use of protection in such work. Do not stay in the room when it is quartzed( in particular in hospitals for the duration of this procedure, patients are asked to leave the room).Finally, you can undergo ultraviolet light on your eyes when you visit the solarium.
Harm from all of the above is obvious. The fact is that the cornea is an ultraviolet absorbing filter. At the same time, it has a damaging effect on it: the cornea loses the cells of its surface layer with the simultaneous development of an inflammatory reaction. With excessively strong radiation, even complete mothballing of these cells can occur.
Signs of electrophthalmia
A typical sign of electro-ophthalmia is increased sensitivity to light. The eyes turn red, there is pain, growing with the movement of the eyeballs, as well as the sensation of a foreign body in the eye.
As a result of all this, the eyelid is in a spasmodic state. Increases the formation and release of tears.
All of these features are closely related to the effects of ultraviolet rays. In this case, as a rule, clinical manifestations occur with the onset of development of corneal damage processes, i.e.6-12 hours after exposure.
Diagnosis of this condition is based on the identification of a causal relationship between symptoms and exposure to ultraviolet radiation, as well as the exclusion of other diseases with similar symptoms by different methods of research.
What to do with electrophthalmia
Based on all of the above, the question is natural: if a person has developed an electrophthalmia, what should I do?
The answer is obvious: is treated. In this case, therapy should be based on two components: first of all, it is necessary to provide the victim with first aid measures, and then apply deferred measures.
First aid in this case is washing the eyes with clean water or, for example, saline solution. Usually this procedure is performed by the patient himself.
Another measure is instillation in the eye of moisturizers. These include, in particular, an artificial tear. To the same group of activities can be attributed the use of sunglasses.
It should be remembered that in the overwhelming majority of cases, including with electropthalmia, first aid is directed primarily at stopping the effect of the damaging factor. Therefore, having rendered it, it is not necessary to stop, it is necessary, if possible, to start more focused treatment of the frisky state.
The complex of deferred measures, as a rule, includes methods of therapy, aimed at ensuring the restoration of the cornea.
Against the background of the use of pain relieving agents( in most cases, these are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) cold compresses or astringent solutions are used, wound healing gels and other agents that accelerate the epithelialization of the cornea are also applied to the eye: it may be actovegin gel or solcoseryl, corneorgel retinolvitamin A), an artificial tear or 5% thiamine ointment.
When treating electrophthalmia, one should not get carried away with anesthesia: such drugs as lidocaine or novocaine, used for this purpose, usually delay healing.
To quickly achieve the restoration of the cornea, it is recommended to apply an eye bandage for a day.
Prevention of electrophthalmia
The basis of preventive electrophthalmia is the use of funds that provide reliable protection against ultraviolet radiation. These are, for example, special helmets worn when working with electric arc during welding, or sunglasses characterized by high absorption of ultraviolet, necessary, say, at sea or on snow-covered slopes, etc.
In addition, do not forget about precautions and when you visit the solarium.