In recent years, a complete or partial abandonment of food products of animal origin is gaining popularity among people of different age groups quite actively. This principle of nutrition, called vegetarianism, is common in many countries, including ours. Some believe that this phenomenon is a kind of philosophy that can benefit and improve the body. However, a large number of people fundamentally disagree with this statement and, on the contrary, argue that vegetarianism is harmful to humans. According to doctors, the truth is somewhere in the middle and for each individual case, should be approached individually.
Statistics show that in the world support for vegetarianism in varying degrees of about 5-10 percent of the population. Most of these people live in India, where the refusal of meat occurs for religious reasons. The fewest vegetarians are in China.
Some general information
Some general information
- 4 The benefits of strict vegetarianism
- 5 The negative side of abandoning animal products
- 6 Video: Vegetarianism - Pros and Cons
Some general information
Nutritionists conditionally subdivide vegetarianism into several groups,depending on for what reasons a person has abandoned habitual food and what foods he uses. This division allows you to more clearly identify the negative and positive aspects of this kind of diet. It should be remembered that the decrease in amino acids in the body, which are mainly produced from meat, greatly affects health and affects the appearance of the person .Of course, you can try to compensate for pork or beef with other products, but this replacement is not always equivalent.
You should also remember about the danger of vegetarianism for children and elderly people .The growing organism of the child constantly actively develops and should receive all necessary elements and vitamins in sufficient quantity. Otherwise, many dangerous diseases can develop, eventually turning into chronic ones. In elderly people, on the contrary, significant changes occur in the body, which affect the deterioration of the internal organs. It is simply impossible to fill the needs for useful trace elements with vegetarian food .
Scientists from the University of Southampton in the United Kingdom as a result of the conducted studies concluded that the more people have the level of IQ, the higher their predisposition to vegetarianism.
Meat and vegetarianism
Meat consumption is considered to be a natural process and specialists do not recommend to exclude this product from the diet. It contains a whole complex of different amino acids. Pork, beef and lamb nourish the body with vitamin D, as well as the entire group of B category vitamins . A person who regularly eats meat is not inclined to complain about the fragility of bones and does not have problems with the nervous system . Also this product contains an incredible amount of phosphorus, potassium, zinc. It includes such necessary elements as iodine and iron .
The presence of minerals, proteins, and vitamins in meat is supplemented by the content of special substances that can enhance the secretion of the digestive juices so necessary for the body. This helps greatly facilitate the process of processing food, and accordingly improve the functioning of the intestine. It is worth noting that all these advantages apply only to natural meat. With regard to semi-finished products, we can say that they practically do not benefit the body, since they are saturated with fat and calories.
. Any meat contains a lot of cholesterol, and this usually affects the thyroid gland . In addition, eating meat can lead to the development of atherosclerosis, and also affect the liver .Modern methods of its production also speak in favor of refusal from meat. In order to protect animals from disease and promote their active weight gain, virtually all manufacturers use a variety of antibiotics, hormones and other harmful substances. These elements do not disappear anywhere from the meat even with its heat treatment and fully fall into the human body.
One who regularly consumes meat is most prone to overweight .All this is directly related to the content in this product in a large amount of cortisol. Also, eating meat dishes can adversely affect the hormonal system .This is due to the fact that a large number of foreign hormones enter the body directly from the animal.
The role of fish in the human diet
It is impossible to balance nutrition without regular consumption of animal protein .If the complete exclusion of meat from meat can be replaced by the inclusion of milk, cottage cheese, eggs and mushrooms in the diet, it is practically impossible to compensate for the loss of iron by these plant products. In this case, regular consumption of poultry and fish comes to the fore.
Doctors say that the transition to lacto-vegetarianism positively affects those people who suffer from atherosclerosis, urolithiasis, obesity, diabetes, and some liver diseases.
All seafood contains a sufficient amount of selenium, which tones all the blood vessels . In addition, any fish is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as omega-6 and omega-3, which are responsible for the regulation of cholesterol in the blood .Also, this product helps to strengthen immunity and reduce the risk of many oncological diseases. If the diet of a vegetarian regularly contains dishes from fish or poultry, then we can say about the absence of minuses in this diet .
The benefits of strict vegetarianism
That category of vegetarians, which from its diet completely excluded dishes from animal products, tries to consume a lot of vegetable fiber, namely, fruits and vegetables. They have a good stimulation of intestinal peristalsis, and in addition to the whole digestive tract maintain the necessary balance of microflora. Vegetables and fruits, due to the maintenance of a sufficient amount of phytoncides, are capable of killing various harmful bacteria, and also suppress the developing decay processes in the intestine. In addition, these products contain a huge amount of carbohydrates, and they are known to be the main source of energy.
Most people who completely refuse using products of animal origin are least likely to suffer from hypertension. They have a reduced risk of developing stones in the gastric and kidney stones. The human body, which feeds exclusively on vegetables and fruits, is least saturated with harmful cholesterol and slag. Such natural products effectively purify the blood.
The negative side of the rejection of animal products
Despite the huge benefits of consuming vegetables, fruits, as well as various cereals and nuts, they are simply unable to provide the human body with all the necessary set of substances . Doctors-nutritionists are extremely negative about the total refusal to eat products of animal origin .Eating only plant foods gives a feeling of saturation for a short period of time. A person begins to eat much more often and if this does not affect the figure in any way, then it plays a negative role for the digestive organs.
Vegetarians who have excluded from their diet not only meat, but eggs with milk, have a strong need for vitamin B2 . Most of these people suffer from a lack of such essential vitamins as B12 and D .All this, sooner or later, will inevitably lead to problems with the psyche and various nervous disorders. Over time, multiple sclerosis and a number of other serious diseases can develop. Vegetarians have a severe shortage of iron and various mineral components in the body."Insert video" Vegetarianism for and against "
Video: Vegetarianism - Pros and Cons
Many nutritionists are convinced that vegetarianism is not a science, but a simple ideology. If the harm from such a diet for an adult and a healthy person can be minimized, then for children, women in the position and the elderly, such food can be life-threatening .It should also be noted that some elements of vegetarianism have a positive effect on the body as a whole. Do not completely exclude from your diet products of animal origin. Everything should be treated rationally and without fanaticism.