To understand what a lumbar hernia is and how to treat it correctly, one must well imagine what happened to your spine. From the course of school anatomy, you probably remember that the five lumbar vertebrae are interconnected by vertebral disks. The fibrous ring surrounding the intervertebral disc is very dense in a healthy person, but under the influence of provoking factors or diseases it can burst. It is the rupture of the fibrous ring that results in the loss of part of the disc and the formation of a hernia.
What is the cause?
Note that the listed reasons are not short-lived, we are talking about factors that affect for a long time. These include:
- High or too low mobility;
- Sitting work;
- Prolonged physical exertion on the spine;
- Age changes;
- Smoking, because it leads to a power failure of the disk;
- Overweight;Injuries, surgeries.
As you can see, there are many reasons for the origin of the vertebral hernia in the lumbar region. The success of the treatment of this uneasy pathology will primarily depend on the possibility of their elimination.
Can I get rid of the disease without surgery?
According to statistics, with timely detection and correct approaches to treatment, in 70% of cases, a patient can be cured of a spinal hernia with the help of conservative methods.
The question of carrying out the operation is put in the event that previous procedures of the effect did not bring.
Principles of conservative treatment of
The first principle of treatment of a hernia of the lumbar spine is the removal of pain and muscle tension. This is achieved with the help of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs), antispasmodics, muscle relaxants, vascular drugs and pain medications.
The list of medicines for the treatment of lumbar hernia is large enough, they are produced in different dosage forms - tablets, injections, ointments. Pharmacotherapy should be prescribed only by a doctor, and nothing else. All of the above drugs have a fairly extensive list of contraindications and side effects.
The second principle of treatment for a hernia is physiotherapy. With the help of physiotherapy procedures, blood circulation in the hernia area increases, inflammation of muscles and nerve endings is eliminated. Physiotherapeutic procedures in the acute period of the disease are not prescribed. Electrophoresis, phonophoresis, magnetotherapy can be used only after 2 weeks after the removal of pain.
But, even using medicines and physiotherapy, it is impossible to cure a lumbar hernia without therapeutic physical training and therapeutic gymnastics. These methods deserve the closest attention. Firstly, because of the tremendous positive results, and secondly, because you can successfully carry out procedures at home.
So, exercise therapy and therapeutic gymnastics
Physiotherapy( LFK) is a method in which, with the help of certain movements and breathing exercises, a healing effect is achieved for the lumbar spine. You can study the complex exercise therapy yourself, but it's better if the expert and breathing exercises are taught by you. In each clinic there is an exercise room where you can go through such training.
You can argue, they say, what is there to learn! I read the list of exercises on the Internet, and do it for health! But if you master the gymnastics with ease, then one can not learn to breathe properly "belly" to everyone. Therapeutic exercise includes exercises for the spine in conjunction with diaphragmatic breathing. Here are a few examples:
Treatment of intervertebral hernia
- Exercise 1. Performed in the supine position on the back with hands down. Try to simultaneously press on the floor with the back of the head, palms, waist, buttocks, heels. Keep a tight posture for 5-7 seconds. Breathing during exercise should be smooth, measured. Try not to tip your head. Repeat the exercise 4-5 times at intervals of 10 seconds.
- Exercise 2. While lying on the floor, inhale pulling out your arms behind your head while pressing your lower back to the floor. Staying in this position, relax during an exhalation and rest. Return to the starting position. Repeat exercise 4-5 times.
- Exercise 3. Approach the table. Slowly bend over and lay your stomach on the table in such a way that your feet stand on the floor. Hands stretch along the body, head turn to the side. Take 3 deep diaphragm inspiration. Repeat the exercise 3 times.
When performing therapeutic gymnastics, remember that you should practice barefoot, and in no case should pain appear.
Massage and manual therapy
With regard to massage and manual therapists for the treatment of lumbar hernia, the issue is solved individually in each case. These procedures require caution and high professionalism from the specialists who will conduct them. Charlatans in this area is enough, so do not listen to the advice of friends and acquaintances, the best specialist, if necessary, you will recommend a doctor. The same applies to numerous recipes of traditional medicine.
treatment As we wrote above, the hernia of the lumbar spine is successfully treated conservatively. But not only an integrated approach to treatment brings healing. You must really, really want to get well! And therefore, you should give up smoking and learn how to eat properly, say goodbye to excess kilos and hypodynamia. Everything is in your hands if you want to avoid surgery. In good time, consult a doctor for any pain in the lower back and follow all medical recommendations.