Important functions in the human body are performed by the kidneys, but, unfortunately, due to many factors this organ is prone to diseases not less than others. The most common is the infectious-inflammatory disease of pyelonephritis( from the Greek nephr? S - kidney and p? Elos - pelvis).
Pyelonephritis exacerbation is accompanied by dull, aching pain near the waist, fever( up to 39-40 ° C), nausea, vomiting, dizziness, weakness, increased sweating.
Nutrition during illness
Everyone knows that proper nutrition is a guarantee of health. Most diseases of important organs most often require compliance with certain diets that contribute to the restoration of immunity. So with pyelonephritis, you must use certain foods. The diet is primarily aimed at:
- body discharge,
- termination of irritation of the urinary tract;
- reduced burden on the kidneys;
- replenishment of the body with vitamins( vitamins A, B, C play a big role).
When exacerbating pyelonephritis, it is necessary to protect the body from ingesting large amounts of sodium, protein, fat and phosphorus when ingesting food. These substances during the illness are hardly excreted by the kidneys from the body, which can lead to edema and even the formation of stones. Irritation of the urinary tract also occurs, which should be avoided.
Rules for food intake
The main rule of dieting is to consume as many vitamins as , because they help maintain immunity and, accordingly, recover. Vitamins should be taken from fruits, berries and a number of vegetables. For example, pumpkin porridge, boiled beets, zucchini, cauliflower.
The second rule is to drink more! ( 2-4 liters of fluid per day).But only if there is no edema. The liquid firstly removes toxins from the body, microbes and dilutes salts. Very useful fruit, especially from cranberries and cowberries. Sweet tea, juices, milk( not whole), compote, herbal tea, mineral water, kissels, preferential drinks, saturated with vitamins, which help to remove microbes from the body. Birch juice is very useful.
The third rule is to reduce the amount of salt in food , not more than 10-15 grams per day. Do not forget that the salt is contained in marinades, canned and other products. It is also necessary to exclude the use of various spices, spices, smoked products. All this leads to irritation of the urinary tract.
A large number of vitamins and nutrients contain cereals. Corn grains contain vitamins B, E, A, PP and iron, which is necessary for the body, since there is no meat in the diet. Oat groats are rich in vitamins B1 and B2, magnesium, iron. The composition of wheat and pearl barley includes vitamins of group B. And the first place is buckwheat.
Since the diet is also aimed at the work of the stomach and intestines in a gentle mode, foodstuffs causing bloating and gas formation should be avoided. During the exacerbation of the disease, take food repeatedly, in small portions. Be sure to use soups, but not on meat broth, and vegetarian and without toasting. After a while it will be possible to add to the diet meat, but in a boiled form and low-fat varieties.
Importance of dairy and fermented dairy products( fermented biscuit, bifid, kefir, yogurt) is also important. But it is not advisable to use them in the first days of exacerbation of pyelonephritis. These products are useful in protein content, are diuretics and normalize the intestinal microflora.
During illness, the appetite decreases, bed rest is observed, so doctors also advise to observe the number of kilocalories in food. With exacerbation of pyelonephritis, the energy value of the consumed products is reduced to 2000-2300 kcal, when the patient goes on the amendment, raise to normal.
So, let's summarize and summarize what foods should be excluded from the diet during exacerbation of pyelonephritis, and what can be consumed.
Allowed to use:
- Fruit, vegetables, fruit juices, jelly, compote, herbal teas, fruit drinks, mineral waters, tea.
- Cereals( the most useful is buckwheat and oatmeal).
- Sugar, confectionery( but in limited quantities).
- Milk and dairy products with low fat content.
- Soups( during exacerbation on vegetable broth and without toasting),
- Boiled meat( beef, chicken, rabbit, fish).
- Salt( in limited quantities, from 8 to 15 grams per day).
- Bakery products from wheat.
You can not use:
- Broths from meat, fish or mushrooms.
- Fatty dairy products.
- Peas, beans, cabbage. Spices, spicy seasonings.
- Rye bread.
- Coffee, cocoa.
Example of the menu for exacerbation of pyelonephritis:
1st breakfast : mashed boiled beets with egg, oatmeal with butter, sweet tea;
2nd breakfast : compote of dried fruits;
Lunch : vegetable soup, steamed chicken cutlets with mashed potatoes, kissel;
Snack : apple;
Dinner : macaroni with cheese, tea with milk;
Before going to bed : kefir.
Pyelonephritis can pass into the chronic form of the disease. For prevention, you should keep the diet as long as possible, keep a healthy lifestyle and do not forget about proper nutrition. The first few weeks after the exacerbation of the disease it is desirable to eat cranberry and cowberry mors, broths of dogrose, diuretics, and antimicrobials prescribed by the attending physician daily.
Do not forget that the body of each person is individual and the disease can proceed in different ways. This article outlines the general recommendations, and the individual course of treatment and diet is the doctor.